1. Cuba- Medicine & Scandals

Sadly, Cuba is already a nightmare within the Olympic Motion. Why? Since 1964, Cuba has produced athletes with an enormous superiority advanced and robust anti-American feeling. They’ve confirmed this anti-Olympic feeling many instances. Angel Volodia Matos Fuentes, a Cuban taekwondo athlete, is the one athlete within the Olympic historical past that has hit a referee. This sportsman kicked a referee within the face after he misplaced a match on the 2008 Olympics. “We did not count on something like what you’ve got witnessed to happen. I am confused. That is an insult to the Olympic imaginative and prescient, an insult to the spirit of taekwondo and, for my part, an insult to mankind”, stated Yang Jin-suk (World Taekwondo Federation secretary). Angel gained a gold medal on the Summer time Olympic Video games in 2000.

In Atlanta in 1996, the Cuban’s girls’s volleyball group quarreled with the Brazilian group in the course of the semi-finals. That is why Regla Radameris Torres Herrera, who has obtained a number of gives to turn out to be a high trend mannequin in Italy, was suspended and couldn’t play for a number of months. Cuban gamers of girls’s volleyball are well-known for his or her aggressiveness in opposition to rivals.

Cuba’s Javier Sotomayor Sanabria will likely be remembered as {one of the} worst examples on the earth sports activities neighborhood. In 1988, Prensa Latina -Cuban information agency- introduced that in its annual ballot of sportswriters Javier Sotomayor was named “Cuban Athlete of the 12 months”. He beat out Felix Savon (boxing), Jorge Fis (Judo), and Ana Fidelia Quirot (observe & area). Javier, often known as “Soto”, was one of the profitable athletes within the historical past of the Cuban Revolution.

On September 8, 1988, Javier -whose nation had boycotted the Summer time Olympics in 1988- set a world document within the excessive soar. A yr later he set one other world document (2.45 m / 8′ half of”). Below the path of Jose Godoy, a Soviet-educated professor, he gained virtually all his competitions within the 1990s.

In 2001, Javier Sotomayor, in one among a collection of exhibitions tournaments, examined constructive for a muscle-building steroid. “The choice to let him compete once more is sort of a hit in my face”, stated Arne Ljungqvist (vice chairman of the IAAF).Two years in the past, Javier additionally had examined constructive for medication on the 1999 Pan American Video games in Winnipeg (Canada). Nevertheless, he had been exonerated by the Cuban Olympic Committee. Moreover, Fidel Castro Ruz -Cuba’s dictator- denied that Javier had taken cocaine. In an article in Granma (Communist occasion every day), Javier stated ” I am harmless. I’ve solely seen that substance within the motion pictures. I´m the sufferer of maneuver, a grimy trick”.

In contrast to Ben Johnson and Linford Christie, Javier obtained a particular therapy by the IAAF. He was banned by the IAAF for under 11 months. Because of this, Javier Sotomayor might compete on the 2000 Olympics, the place he gained a silver medal. Three European nations, Norway, Finland and Denmark, criticized this controversial resolution. “Should you check constructive and get suspended, you should not get a decreased sentence simply since you’re a well-known observe athlete”, stated Patrick Sjoberg, a former world document holder in males’s excessive soar.

2. Myanmar- Sports activities & Dictatorships

Olympic sport can unify a rustic like Myanmar -an Asian nation which has many ethnic conflicts. Nevertheless, it -pop. 52 million- has {one of the} world’s worst Olympic groups. Within the final fifty years, three dictatorships have destroyed the Olympic spirit on this land of pleasant individuals. For unknown causes, Myanmar didn’t compete on the 1976 Summer time Olympics in Canada. In 1980, Sue Khin completed in 47th place within the marathon on the Moscow Summer time Video games. 4 years later, Myanmar -it formally modified its identify from Burma in 1989- despatched 1 athlete (boxer) to Los Angeles (USA). In 1996, Myanmar was represented by solely Three athletes (athletics and capturing).

On the 2006 Asian Video games in Qatar, Myanmar completed 27th within the unofficial group standings (behind China, Bahrain, Hong Kong, Mongolia, Jordan, Lebanon, and so on). In an interview, Khin Maung Lwin, secretary of the Myanmese Olympic Committee, stated “Our NOC has labored in shut collaboration with the respective nationwide sports activities federations to make all the required preparations for participation in Doha 2006. We have now chosen the athletes who confirmed their greatest type and achieved high outcomes from that 23rd SEA Video games for the 15th Asian Video games Doha 2006. As a founding member of the Asian Video games Federation in 1949 and the Olympic Council of Asia, we imagine the Asian Video games is an important device for the event of the youth of Asia and for the promotion of worldwide respect, pleasant and goodwill…”

3. Albania – Enver Hoxha’s Legacy

What’s the motive why Albania doesn’t produce world-class athletes? Albania is well-known for its indifference to sports activities. It is without doubt one of the few European nations that haven’t Olympic champions. Albania was one of the unsuccessful nations on the 2008 Summer time Olympics within the Folks’s Republic of China.

Like Mao Tse-tung (Chinese language dictator, 1949-1976) and Pol Pot (Cambodian tyrant, 1975-1979), Enver Hoxha didn’t help pleasant relations with the Worldwide Olympic Committee. From 1950 to 1985, Enver Hoxha -one of the bloodiest dictators of the 20th century- gained a fame as an anti-Olympic chief on the earth. Throughout his Maoist dictatorship, Albania boycotted seven Olympic Video games (Rome ’60, Tokyo ’64, Mexico Metropolis ’68, Montreal ’76, Moscow ’80, Los Angeles ’84, Seoul ’88), seven Mediterranean Video games (Beirut ’59, Naples ’63, Tunis ’67, Izmir ’71, Algiers ’75, Cut up ’79, Casablanca ’83) and different worldwide occasions (Winter Video games, World College Video games, World championships, European tournaments). In 1985, two weightlifters had defected to Yugoslavia (presently Serbia).

Since 1991, the brand new authorities doesn’t have curiosity in sports activities and recreation. This European nation is shedding its greatest athletes, who’re selecting to stay overseas, and never returning to Albania. Many Greeks athletes have Albanian descent: Leonidas Sampani (weightlifting), Sawa Lika (observe and area), Pyrro Dimas (weightlifting / Olympic champion, 1992, 1996, 2000), Mirela Manjani (athletics). On the World Championships in 2003, Mirela gained a gold medal. Albania has been a member of the Worldwide Olympic Committee (IOC) since 1959.

4.Taiwan will not be Ethiopia

Who was the final world-class athlete of Taiwan? Her identify: Chi Cheng (1959-1972). This Olympic ambassador has been referred to as “the Japanese Flying antelope”. On the 1968 Olympic Video games in Mexico Metropolis, in October, she, who studied and skilled in California, gained a bronze medal within the 80 meter low hurdles. Two years later, she damaged the world data within the 100m (11,00 seconds) and 200m (22,44 seconds) in July 1970, however she failed within the Olympic Video games in 1972. Unexpectedly, she had an harm. Chi Cheng was the favourite to win the gold medal within the 200m. To arrange for the Munich Video games, she competed in Asia, Europe and the USA. In 1972, she introduced that she was retiring from athletics. In 1971, she was elected “World Athlete of the 12 months” by the Related Press. On this election, she beat Edson Arantes do Nascimento, {one of the} best athletes of all time. Since 1972, Taiwan continues to rejoice Chi Cheng’s world data.

Sadly, Taiwan can’t produce world-class athletes.

This Asian nation -also often known as ROC, Chinese language Taipei, Republic of China on Taiwan or Free China- has 10,000 stadiums, 1,850 swimming swimming pools, 1,420 tennis courts, 14,252 sports activities parks, greater than 762 gymnasiums, practically 9,100 basketball and handball courts, and 87 biking tracks. With greater than double the funds of Jamaica, Ethiopia and North Korea, Taiwan solely has gained two gold medals (1960-2008). On the 1996 Video games, Chinese language-Taipei despatched 71 athletes and gained one silver medal (tennis desk).

They haven’t learnt the expertise of South Korea, whose athletes have gained 85 gold medals-its greatest unconventional diplomacy on the earth. A very good instance for a rustic which doesn’t have full diplomatic relations with 180 nations. Chinese language Taipei -one of the growing world’s most profitable democracies- is just acknowledged by 23 nations: Belize, Burkina Faso, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Gambia, Guatemala, Holy See, Haiti, Honduras, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Nicaragua, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Sao Tome & Principe, Swaziland, Tuvalu.

5. Iceland- A rustic with out Olympic Champions

Iceland – a nation within the North Atlantic close to the Arctic Circle- has by no means gained an Olympic medal within the Winter Video games. It is without doubt one of the oldest Olympic nations on the earth (IOC member since 1921). Ranked by the United Nations as {one of the} richest nations on the earth, Iceland has a number of sports activities facilities- indoor stadiums, winter Olympic arenas, sports activities parks and swimming swimming pools. Many individuals can’t imagine that {one of the} richest nations in Europe can’t win a winter Olympic medal. In contrast to Iceland, Liechtenstein -an space the scale of District of Columbia- has gained two Olympic titles and 58 World championships. Iceland -it is barely bigger than South Korea- took half in 15 editions of the Winter Video games between 1948 and 2006. Glíma, a standard wrestling, is the nationwide sport of Iceland.

References

-Agacino, Ricardo. “30 años”, Cuba Internacional, Habana, diciembre de 1988

-Almanaque Deportivo Mundial 1976, editorial America, Panama,

1976 – “Castro defends fighter going through ban”, The Miami Herald, August 26 2008

-Encyclopaedia Britannica E-book of the 12 months: 1977, 1981, 1984, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago

-The World Almanac and E-book of Details: 1975-2007, The World Almanac Books, New York

-Guevara Onofre, Alejandro. Enciclopedia Mundototal, editorial San Marcos, Lima, 1999

——–“La silenciosa caída del deporte cubano” (The silent fall of the Cuban sport ). Lima, 5 de septiembre del 2005

-Human Growth Studies: 1996-2007

-Martinez Perez , Pedro. “Desarrollo deportivo en Cuba”, Granma, Habana, 28 de mayo de 1978

-The Republic of China Yearbook. Taiwan 2002

-Urbano, Fernando.”Del Batos a Montreal”, Cuba Internacional, Habana, junio de 1978

——“Derecho al deporte”, Cuba Internacional, Habana, julio de 1976

-2004 Athens Official Report Quantity 1, Worldwide Olympic Committee, Lausanne, 2005

-2000 Sydney Official Report Quantity 2, Worldwide Olympic Committee, Lausanne, 2001

-1984 Los Angeles Official Report Quantity 2, Worldwide Olympic Committee, Lausanne, 1985

-1980 Moscow Official Report Quantity 2, Worldwide Olympic Committee, Lausanne, 1981

-1976 Montreal Official Report Quantity 1, Worldwide Olympic Committee, Lausanne, 1977

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