Worldwide airport serving Anchorage, AK, US

Ted Stevens Anchorage Worldwide Airport (IATA: ANC, ICAO: PANC, FAA LID: ANC)[3] is a significant airport within the U.S. state of Alaska, situated 5 miles (8 km) southwest of downtown Anchorage.[1] The airport is called for Ted Stevens, a U.S. senator from Alaska in workplace from 1968 to 2009. It’s included within the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Nationwide Plan of Built-in Airport Methods for 2017–2021, during which it’s categorized as a medium-hub major industrial service facility.[4]

Historical past[edit]

In-built 1951, the airport was served within the 1950s by Alaska Airways, Northwest Orient, Pacific Northern Airways and Reeve Aleutian Airways, utilizing plane starting from Douglas DC-3s to Boeing 377s,[5] and was additionally a refueling cease for Canadian Pacific Air Strains service to the Far East (one such plane being concerned in a 1951 disappearance). From 1955 to 2011, the jap finish of the airport’s southernmost runway linked to the Kulis Air Nationwide Guard Base.

Anchorage was a typical stopover for passengers flying to East Asia till the early 1990s as a result of airspace in China, Soviet Union and Jap Bloc nations had been off-limits and since the primary technology of jets and widebody airliners didn’t have the vary to fly continuous throughout the Pacific Ocean. Carriers utilizing Anchorage for this objective included:

  • Northwest Orient, the primary airline to function scheduled trans-Pacific service after World Conflict II, used Elmendorf Subject[6] and later Anchorage Worldwide as a stopover for service between US factors (Seattle, Chicago and Minneapolis at varied occasions) and Tokyo as late because the mid-1970s.[7]
  • Scandinavian Airways (SAS) started a transpolar flight from Copenhagen to Tokyo through Anchorage in 1957; 24 February 1957.[8]
  • Japan Airways served Seattle by way of Anchorage within the early 1960s,[9] and provided service by way of Anchorage to London, Paris, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, New York Metropolis & São Paulo from the 1960s till October 1991. Final JAL flight was JL438 on 31 October 1991, CDG-ANC-NRT.[10]
  • Air France, British Airways, Iberia, KLM, Lufthansa, Sabena, Swissair and Spantax all used Anchorage as a stopover level between Europe and Tokyo into the 1980s to 1991.[11][12] Air France started service 25 April 1958, CDG-ANC-NRT. Sabena operated flight SN262 BRU-ANC-NRT twice per week on Tuesdays & Fridays by way of 1990. Lufthansa ended service in 1990. KLM started service 1 November 1958 and ended the polar route not lengthy after the 15 December 1989 volcanic engine flame out incident on a 747-400. British Airways final flight was operated on a 747-400 on 22 October 1992. IBERIA first launched service to Japan 1986, with 1 weekly every Madrid – Barcelona – Mumbai – Tokyo Narita and Madrid – Mumbai – Tokyo Narita with 747COMBI. Mumbai cease was changed by Anchorage (Polar Route) from October 1987 till 1991. By 1990, some flights sees operational cease switches from Anchorage to Moscow Sheremetyevo, and all companies to Tokyo operates through Moscow by March 1992.
  • Korean Air used Anchorage as a stopover level for flights between Seoul and each Europe and the continental US within the 1980s.[13] On September 1, 1983, one among these flights, Flight 007 was shot down by a Soviet pilot who had mistaken it for a spy aircraft, after unintentionally violating Soviet airspace.

Most scheduled passenger service from Anchorage to Europe and Asia ceased within the early 1990s following the top of the Chilly Conflict. Korean Air continued to serve Anchorage Three occasions per week on a yearly scheduled foundation till March 2005 and lowered to three occasions per week for the summer time season solely in 2006. China Airways, the final Asian service to serve Anchorage frequently, used Anchorage as an intermediate cease on its Taipei-New York route till 2011, when it rerouted these flights to cease in Osaka.[14][15] Whereas a couple of constitution passenger plane nonetheless cease at Anchorage on flights between Asia and the jap United States, scheduled cargo carriers – which profit from extra quantity and thus shorter route segments – proceed to make use of Anchorage steadily. Condor nonetheless makes use of the Frankfurt-Anchorage route on a Boeing 767.

Within the 1990s, Alaska Airways and Aeroflot operated service from Anchorage to a number of locations within the Russian Far East, together with Khabarovsk, Magadan, Petropavlovsk, Vladivostok and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.[16] Alaska Airways pulled out of those markets in 1998 resulting from inadequate demand,[17] whereas the Aeroflot companies had been primarily meant as technical stops en path to Seattle and San Francisco and had been cancelled as soon as newer plane and nonstop rights grew to become accessible. Reeve Aleutian Airways, Dalavia and MAVIAL Magadan Airways additionally provided service between Anchorage and the Russian Far East at varied occasions, catering to Kamchatka oil exploration and different area of interest markets.[18]

The airport was renamed in 2000 by the Alaska Legislature to honor then long-standing U.S. Senator Ted Stevens.[19] Stevens survived a crash on the airport in 1978 that additionally killed his then-wife.[20]

In October 2018, Alaska Governor Invoice Walker and Heilongjiang Province Governor Wang Wentao introduced plans to attach Anchorage and Harbin Taiping Worldwide Airport with year-round, nonstop flights as early because the summer time of 2019.[21]

On November 30, 2018, the airport suffered minor injury and was quickly closed following a magnitude 7.Zero earthquake within the space.[22] In June 2019, American Airways switched the Boeing 737-800 on their seasonal path to Phoenix with the Airbus A321neo making them the primary and solely airline as of July 2019 to make use of the A321neo at Anchorage.

Through the COVID-19 pandemic, the airport was briefly the busiest in the USA resulting from sustained quantity of cargo flights by way of Alaska whereas passenger journey sharply decreased in different American airports.[23]

Passenger site visitors[edit]

Ted Stevens Anchorage Worldwide Airport’s passenger site visitors hovered across the 5 million mark between 1998 and 2008, other than in 2002 when the airport suffered a 13% drop in site visitors. Fairbanks and Juneau are the subsequent busiest airports although neither managed greater than half one million passengers final yr. Anchorage site visitors peaks in June, July and August when passenger numbers are twice as excessive as between October and April.[24] Most main U.S. passenger carriers serve ANC, with the vast majority of passenger flight operations by Alaska Airways to and from Seattle (a mean of 20 flights per day) and Fairbanks (5-7 flights per day).

Anchorage can also be envisioned as a future connecting level for air site visitors to the Russian Far East. Through the summer time season of 2008, there was one weekly flight to Russia by Vladivostok Air. Yakutia Airways resumed summer time seasonal service to Russia in 2012.[25] A lot of Alaska’s North Slope staff dwell both in Anchorage or elsewhere within the Decrease 48 states and fly by way of the airport to their jobs in Prudhoe Bay.

As per Federal Aviation Administration data, the airport had 2,599,313 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar yr 2008,[26] 2,282,666 enplanements in 2009, and a pair of,342,310 in 2010.[27]

Worldwide cargo hub[edit]

Ted Stevens Anchorage Worldwide Airport is a significant cargo hub.[28] As of 2015, it ranked because the fourth busiest airport on the planet by cargo site visitors, after Hong Kong, Memphis, and Shanghai–Pudong. A motive is that cargo plane between China or Japan and the US choose to have much less gasoline and extra cargo and refuel on the way in which.[29]

FedEx Specific and UPS Airways function main hubs at Anchorage Worldwide for cargo heading to and from the Far East.[24]NWA Cargo used to function a significant hub on the airport till December 28, 2009 when it closed all operations for Northwest Cargo in any respect airports. FedEx Specific is the airport’s largest cargo facility and might deal with as many as 13,400 packages per hour, using greater than 1,200 folks and offering a full customs clearance system. United Parcel Service’s hub handles about 5,000 parcels per hour. Each corporations forecast a big development in site visitors over the subsequent a number of years as commerce with China and different Far East nations will increase and plan to broaden their Anchorage services comparatively.[citation needed] America Postal Service additionally operates a big sectional middle facility (SCF) for the 995xx ZIP Codes. It processes mail and parcels headed to and from all Alaska cities.

America Division of Transportation permits Anchorage and different Alaskan airports for use as a switch level for cargo between completely different plane of the identical international air service with out making use of for particular permission, a privilege not accessible at airports on the US mainland. In 2020, the airport utilized for comparable authority for passenger site visitors, which might probably enable international airways to make use of Anchorage as a connecting hub for worldwide passengers. An identical exemption was beforehand granted to airports in Puerto Rico.[30][31]

Amenities and plane[edit]

Ted Stevens Anchorage Worldwide Airport covers an space of 4,608 acres (1,865 ha) at an elevation of 151 ft (46 m) above imply sea stage. It has three runways: 7L/25R is 10,600 by 150 ft (3,231 x 46 m) with an asphalt floor; 7R/25L is 12,400 by 200 ft (3,780 x 61 m) with an asphalt/concrete floor; 15/33 is 10,865 by 200 ft (3,312 x 61 m) with an asphalt floor. The airport additionally has one asphalt helipad that’s 100 by 100 ft (30 x 30 m).[1]

For the 12-month interval ending April 30, 2019, the airport had 261,961 plane operations, a mean of 718 per day: 38% scheduled industrial, 32% basic aviation, 29% air taxi, and <1% army. At the moment there have been 109 plane based mostly at this airport: 61% multi-engine, 14% helicopter, 15% jet, and 10% single-engine.[1]

The FAA initiatives operations to extend to 334,279 by 2030, or 918.882 operations per day.[32]

Terminals[edit]

The South Terminal (home) serves Air Canada, Alaska Airways, Allegiant Air, American Airways, Condor (Departures), Delta Air Strains, Solar Nation, and United Airways. All regional intrastate carriers additionally use the South Terminal.

The South terminal incorporates three concourses: Concourse A, Concourse B, and Concourse C. The realm of what’s at present Concourse C stood the unique airport terminal constructed within the 1950s. A hexagonal satellite tv for pc terminal was constructed throughout the primary construction shortly afterward. In 1969, the terminal underwent a significant enlargement, forming what’s at present Concourse B – notable new options included a curved arrival/departure construction with an elevated departure ramp for autos. The sweeping construction was designed to attach with the present hexagonal satellite tv for pc, now the top of Concourse B. In 1985, Concourse A was added. In 2009, this portion of the South terminal acquired seismic and aesthetic upgrades.

Concourse C was utterly rebuilt in 2004, design by McCool Carlson Inexperienced Architects, whereas Concourses A and B had been inbuilt 1985 and 1969 respectively and renovated in 2009.[33] Architects HNTB and RIM Architects carried out the architectural work for A/B Concourse.[34] The south terminal additionally incorporates two L gates, numbered L1 and L2. These gates are exterior safety on the decrease stage and adjoining to Concourse A.

The North Terminal (worldwide), designed by McCool Carlson Inexperienced Architects, serves Condor, Japan Airways, Korean Air, Icelandair, Yakutia Airways, all worldwide seasonal constitution flights, and army flights. Along with these airways, a couple of cargo airways use the north aspect of the terminal for parking whereas their plane have small issues that want upkeep for a day or so. This terminal was inbuilt 1982.[33]

Airways and locations[edit]

Roughly thirty-seven locations are accessible from ANC through nonstop or direct flights, together with locations in 14 U.S. states and the nations of Canada, Germany, and Russia. U.S. mainline carriers function a mix of year-round and seasonal service to the decrease 48 states and Hawaii. International carriers function seasonal flights and seasonal charters to Canada, Asia, and Europe, the latter two bought as bundled companies.[35] As a result of its proximity to Russia, Anchorage is the one U.S. metropolis exterior of New York, Los Angeles, Miami, and Washington, D.C. to have continuous flights to Russia, and is the one metropolis to have flights to a metropolis apart from Moscow.

Passenger[edit]

Airways Locations Refs
Air Canada Seasonal: Vancouver [36]
Alaska Airways Adak, Bethel, Chilly Bay, Cordova, Dillingham, Fairbanks, Honolulu, Juneau, King Salmon, Kodiak, Kotzebue, Las Vegas (begins Could 20, 2021),[37]Los Angeles, Nome, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Prudhoe Bay, Seattle/Tacoma, Unalaska/Dutch Harbor, Utqiagvik
Seasonal: Chicago–O’Hare, Denver (begins June 17, 2021),[37]Kahului, Kailua–Kona, San Francisco (resumes June 17, 2021)[37]
[38]
Allegiant Air Seasonal: Bellingham [39]
American Airways Seasonal: Chicago–O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Value, Phoenix–Sky Harbor (resumes Could 6, 2021)[40] [41]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt [42]
Delta Air Strains Minneapolis/St. Paul, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Atlanta, Salt Lake Metropolis
[43]
Jap Airways New York–JFK (begins Could 28, 2021)[44] [45]
Grant Aviation Kenai [46]
Ravn Alaska Chilly Bay, Fairbanks, Homer, Kenai, Sand Level, St. Paul, Unalakleet, Unalaska/Dutch Harbor, Valdez [47]
Reeve Air Alaska Gulkana [48]
Ryan Air Aniak, Unalakleet [49]
Solar Nation Airways Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul [50]
United Airways Denver
Seasonal: Chicago–O’Hare, Fairbanks (begins Could 6, 2021),[51]Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco
[52]
Yakutia Airways Seasonal: Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky [53]

Cargo[edit]

Airways Locations
AirBridgeCargo Cincinnati, Hong Kong
Air China Cargo Beijing–Capital, Chicago–O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Value, Shanghai–Pudong
Alaska Air Cargo[54] Adak, Barrow, Bethel, Cordova, Deadhorse, Dillingham, Juneau, Kodiak, Kotzebue, Nome, Seattle/Tacoma
Alaska Central Specific Aniak, Bethel, Chilly Bay, Cordova, Dillingham, Dutch Harbor/Unalaska, Iliamna, Juneau, King Salmon, Kodiak, Port Heiden, Sand Level, Sitka, St. George, St. Paul
Amazon Air Seattle/Tacoma[55]
Asiana Cargo Atlanta, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon
Atlas Air
Cargolux Hong Kong, Los Angeles, New York–JFK
Cathay Pacific Cargo Atlanta, Chicago–O’Hare, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Dallas/Fort Value, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Mexico Metropolis, Miami, New York–JFK, San Francisco, Toronto–Pearson
China Airways Cargo Atlanta, Chicago–O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Value, Houston–Intercontinental, Osaka–Kansai, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–JFK, San Francisco, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airways Atlanta, Chicago–O’Hare, Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Cargo Chicago–O’Hare, Guangzhou,[56]Shanghai–Pudong, Zhengzhou
DHL Aviation Charleston (SC),[57]Chicago–O’Hare,[58]Cincinnati, Hong Kong,[59]Huntsville,[60]Los Angeles, Miami, Nagoya–Centrair,[61]New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong,[62]Singapore, Tokyo–Narita[63]
Ethiopian Airways Cargo Atlanta,[64]Seoul–Incheon[64]
Etihad Cargo Hanoi, Columbus–Rickenbacker
EVA Air Cargo Atlanta, Chicago–O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Value, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Taipei–Taoyuan
Everts Air Cargo Bethel, Dillingham, Emmonak, Galena, King Salmon, Kotzebue, Nome
FedEx Specific Guam, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Memphis, Newark, Oakland, Osaka–Kansai, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson
FedEx Feeder Fairbanks, Homer, Juneau, Kenai, Kodiak, Sitka
Kalitta Air Chicago–O’Hare,[65]Hefei,[65]Hong Kong,[66]Los Angeles,[67]Seoul–Incheon,[67]Shanghai–Pudong[68]
Korean Air Cargo Chicago–O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Value, Guadalajara, Halifax, Miami, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon, Toronto–Pearson
Lynden Air Cargo Bethel, Kotzebue, Nome
Nationwide Airways (N8) Chicago–O’Hare,[69]Fairfield, Fussa, Los Angeles, Nagoya–Centrair, Shanghai–Pudong, Tulsa
Nippon Cargo Airways Chicago–O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Value, New York–JFK, Tokyo–Narita
Northern Air Cargo Aniak, Barrow, Bethel, Deadhorse, Dillingham, Nome, Purple Canine, Unalakleet
Polar Air Cargo
Qantas Freight Chicago–O’Hare, New York–JFK, Shanghai–Pudong
Singapore Airways Cargo Dallas/Fort Value, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Nanjing, Singapore, Xiamen
Sky Lease Cargo Changsha,[70]Chicago–O’Hare,[71]Miami,[71]Zhengzhou[71]
Suparna Airways Chicago–O’Hare,[72]Nanjing,[73]Shanghai–Pudong,[74]Zhengzhou[72]
TransNorthern Aviation Kenai, Kodiak
UPS Airways Chicago/Rockford, Hong Kong, Louisville, Newark, Ontario, Osaka–Kansai, Portland (OR), Seoul–Incheon, Seattle–Boeing, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita
Western International Airways Dallas/Fort Value,[75]Los Angeles,[76]Louisville,[77]Seoul–Incheon,[78]Shanghai–Pudong[79]

Statistics[edit]

See supply Wikidata question.

Service shares: (November 2019 – October 2020)[2]
Service   Passengers (arriving and departing)
Alaska
Delta
Corvus
United
American
Different

Prime locations[edit]

Busiest home routes from ANC
(November 2019 – October 2020)
[2]
Rank Metropolis Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Washington (state) Seattle/Tacoma, WA Seattle–Tacoma Worldwide Airport 552,580 Alaska, Delta
2 Alaska Fairbanks, AK Fairbanks Worldwide Airport 109,560 Alaska, Ravn Alaska
3 Oregon Portland, OR Portland Worldwide Airport 58,320 Alaska
4 Minnesota Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN Minneapolis–Saint Paul Worldwide Airport 47,660 Delta, Solar Nation
5 Juneau, AK Juneau Worldwide Airport 46,510 Alaska
6 Alaska Bethel, AK Bethel Airport 43,520 Alaska, Ravn Alaska
7 Kodiak, AK Kodiak Airport 40,840 Alaska, Ravn Alaska
8 Alaska Kenai, AK Kenai Municipal Airport 39,140 Grant Aviation, Ravn Alaska
9 Denver, CO Denver Worldwide Airport 37,260 United
10 Deadhorse, AK Deadhorse Airport 32,870 Alaska

Floor transport[edit]

Inter-terminal[edit]

A shuttle bus runs roughly each 15 minutes between the North and South terminals and the worker and long-term parking heaps. A land-side inter-terminal walkway was accomplished in 2009. Air-side connections between the sterile areas of every terminal will not be accessible.

To/from airport[edit]

Route 40 of the Anchorage Folks Mover bus system serves the airport’s North and South terminals each 15 minutes from 6:00am to 7:30pm on weekdays and each 30 minutes till 2:00am, in addition to service each 30 minutes all day on Saturday and Sunday, connecting it with the downtown Transit Heart.[80][81]

Taxi queues can be found in entrance of every terminal. Courtesy vans and different floor transportation choices decide up from designated areas in entrance of every terminal.[82]

Main nationwide rental automobile chains are represented in an on-site consolidated rental automobile facility hooked up to the South terminal.[83]

There’s a rail station for the Alaska Railroad. It’s only accessible throughout the summer time season for cruise ship service solely. The depot opened in 2003, after funding was secured by United States Senator Ted Stevens, however commuter service by no means materialized.[84]

Renovations[edit]

Renovations started on the A and B concourses in fall 2006. These renovations are designed to deliver the older parts into compliance with present seismic, heating, air flow, electrical and security codes, and likewise embody new baggage dealing with programs and renovations to the inside of the concourses.[85] Because the completion of the development, all home flights are operated out of the South Terminal.

Commissioned artwork items[edit]

  • Euphony,[86] 2004: glass artist – Warren Carther

The piece consists of 9 towers of glass, collectively including as much as 42 meters (130  ft) of span and reaching to eight meters (26 ft) at its highest level. The collection of panels are impressed by Alaska’s immensely rugged panorama of glaciers and mountains. The ambiguous photos embedded inside the sculpture deal with Alaska’s continuous balancing of the forces of know-how with the huge powers of the pure world.

Packages[edit]

The airport options an revolutionary customer support program, which companions with most on-site (and a few close by) distributors and concessionaires and goals to advertise a optimistic picture of the airport and the State of Alaska within the minds of vacationers. This volunteer, self-funded committee thriller outlets at partnering corporations and supplies awards of money, free lined parking, and donated prizes to successful workers.[87][88][89]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On October 1, 1970, Douglas R4D-6 N47 of the Federal Aviation Administration crashed shortly after take-off and was destroyed within the subsequent hearth. The plane was working an area coaching flight. Each crews had been killed.[90]
  • On November 27, 1970, Douglas DC-8-63 of Capitol Airways crashed on takeoff from Anchorage, killing 47 of 229 passengers and crew on board, working as Capitol Flight 3/26.[91]
  • On January 13, 1977, JAL Cargo Flight 8054, a McDonnell-Douglas DC-8-62F, crashed shortly after takeoff with a cargo of dwell beef cattle for supply to Tokyo, Japan. The three crew members and the 2 cargo handlers aboard the plane died within the crash, and the plane was destroyed. The Nationwide Transportation Security Board decided that the possible explanation for the accident was a stall that resulted from the pilot’s management inputs aggravated by airframe icing whereas the pilot was drunk.[92]
  • On December 4, 1978, a Learjet 25C en route from Juneau crashed upon touchdown. On board had been Ann Stevens, spouse of U.S. Senator Ted Stevens; lobbyist and former Alaska Commissioner of Commerce and Financial Growth (and future U.S. Ambassador to Brazil) Langhorne A. Motley, distinguished Anchorage lawyer Joseph Rudd, and three others. The occasion was touring from the second-term inauguration of Alaska governor Jay Hammond to an Anchorage fundraiser organized by Motley. Motley and Ted Stevens had been the one survivors.[93]
  • On June 8, 1983, Reeve Aleutian Airways Flight 8’s propeller separated from the Lockheed L-188 Electra and tore a gap within the fuselage over the Pacific Ocean, inflicting explosive decompression and lack of management. The pilots managed to land the plane safely at Anchorage, and all 15 passengers and crew survived. Because the propeller fell into the ocean the reason for the separation is undetermined.
  • On March 31, 1993, a Boeing 747-121, Japan Airways Flight 46E, operated by Evergreen Worldwide Airways, departing Anchorage for Chicago, suffered an entire lack of the quantity 2 engine pylon at 2,000  ft after encountering excessive turbulence after takeoff. The plane then skilled an uncommanded left financial institution of roughly 50 levels. The flight crew efficiently landed the plane again at Anchorage Worldwide, to find the quantity 2 engine and all the vanguard of the wing between the number one and a pair of engines had been torn away.[94]
  • On October 9, 2002, a Boeing 747-451, Northwest Airways Flight 85 en route from Detroit to Tokyo, suffered a decrease rudder exhausting over. Whereas flying over the Bering Sea, the plane abruptly went right into a 35- by way of 40-degree left financial institution after the decrease rudder had swung left 17° and hydraulic failure induced it to be caught in place. Captain Frank Geib and First Officer Mike Fagan had been on the controls on the time, having simply taken over from Senior Captain John Hanson and First Officer David Smith. Geib declared an emergency and turned the plane again in the direction of Anchorage. Hanson had returned to the cockpit and shortly took over the controls. He and Fagan then flew the plane for over an hour earlier than efficiently touchdown in Anchorage. So as to steer the plane, they’d to make use of uneven engine thrust or various enter into the engines as they had been unable to make use of the ailerons on the time. No passengers or crew had been injured, however the incident resulted in an airworthiness directive to forestall the opportunity of a future accident.

See additionally[edit]

References[edit]

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