Introduction[edit]

From its starting, Islam has been a central function in Africa. Africa was the primary continent into which Islam expanded, and it has develop into an integral a part of many African cultures and histories. In truth, Islam is the most important faith in Africa, adopted by Christianity. Africa harbors the very best share of Muslims (52.39%). 1 / 4 of the world’s Muslims stay in Africa.

Historical past[edit]

The presence of Islam in Africa might be traced to the seventh century when the prophet Muhammad suggested numerous his early disciples, who had been dealing with persecution by the pre-Islamic inhabitants of the Mecca, to hunt refuge throughout the Pink Sea on the court docket of Axum in Zeila, underneath the rule of al-Najashi. Within the Muslim custom, this occasion is named the primary hijrah, or migration. These first Muslim migrants supplied Islam with its first main triumph, and the shoreline of Somalia turned the primary secure haven for Muslims and the primary place Islam could be practiced outdoors of the Arabian Peninsula. Seven years after the dying of Muhammad (in 639 CE), the Arabs superior towards Africa and inside two generations, Islam had expanded throughout North Africa and all the Central Maghreb. Within the following centuries, the consolidation of Muslim buying and selling networks, related by lineage, commerce, and Sufi brotherhoods, had reached a crescendo in West Africa, enabling Muslims to wield large political affect and energy. In the course of the reign of Umar II, the then governor of Africa, Ismail ibn Abdullah, was mentioned to have received the Berbers to Islam by his simply administration. Different early notable missionaries embody Abdallah ibn Yasin, who began a motion which precipitated hundreds of Berbers to simply accept Islam.

Equally, within the Swahili coast, Islam made its manner inland – spreading on the expense of conventional African religions. This enlargement of Islam in Africa not solely led to the formation of latest communities in Africa, but it surely additionally reconfigured current African communities and empires to be based mostly on Islamic fashions. Certainly, in the course of the eleventh century, the Kanem Empire, whose affect prolonged into Sudan, transformed to Islam. On the similar time however extra towards West Africa, the reigning ruler of the Bornu Empire embraced Islam. As these kingdoms adopted Islam, its populace thereafter devotedly adopted go well with. In praising the Africans’ zealousness to Islam, the fourteenth century explorer Ibn Battuta acknowledged that mosques had been so crowded on Fridays, that except one went very early, it was not possible to discover a place to take a seat.

Nice Mosque of Djenné 1

Attribution[edit]

“Islam in Africa” (Wikipedia) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Africa


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