Flag-carrier airline of Pakistan

Pakistan Worldwide Airways (Urdu: پاکستان انٹرنیشنل ایئر لائنز‎; abbreviated PIA, Urdu: پی‌آئی‌اے‎) is the nationwide flag service of Pakistan beneath the executive management of the Secretary to the Authorities of Pakistan for Aviation. Its central hub is Karachi’s Jinnah Worldwide Airport, whereas Allama Iqbal Worldwide Airport in Lahore, and Islamabad Worldwide Airport function secondary hubs.

PIA was based on 29 October 1946 as Orient Airways, and was initially based mostly in Calcutta, British India, earlier than shifting operations to the newly impartial state of Pakistan in 1947. Orient Airways was nationalised to type the Pakistan Worldwide Airways Company (PIAC).[6] The brand new airline commenced worldwide companies in 1955 to London, through Cairo and Rome.[7] PIA grew to become the primary Asian airline to function jet plane with the induction of the Boeing 707 into business service on 7 March 1960,[8][9][10] and later in 1964 grew to become the primary non-Communist airline to fly to China.[11] The airline performed a significant position within the institution of the Emirates airline in 1985.[12] In 2004, PIA turn into the launch buyer of the Boeing 777-200LR.[13][14] On 10 November 2005 used the Boeing 777-200LR to finish the world’s longest nonstop flight by a business airliner. This flight lasted 22 hours and 22 minutes on the eastbound route between Hong Kong and London.[15][16]

PIA is Pakistan’s largest airline and operates a fleet of greater than 30 plane. The airline operates almost 100 flights each day, servicing 18 home locations and 25 worldwide locations throughout Asia, Europe, the Center East and North America.[2] Along with business flight operations, PIA additionally owns The Roosevelt Lodge in New York Metropolis, and the Sofitel Paris Scribe Lodge in Paris.[17] The airline operates a frequent flier programme, PIA Awards +, and has a number of codeshare and interline agreements. Nevertheless, it’s not a part of any airline alliance.

On 30 June 2020, PIA was banned from flying in European airspace for six months, beginning on 1 July 2020, after EASA decided that the airline was not able to certifying and overseeing its operators and plane in accordance with relevant worldwide requirements. This choice was made quickly after it was revealed that not less than a 3rd of all pilot’s licenses issued in Pakistan have been fraudulent.[18] By 9 July 2020, the airline was additionally banned by the UK and the US.[19]

Historical past[edit]

Passengers and bystanders with an Orient Airways Douglas DC-Three on the event of the arrival of the Burmese Excessive Commissioner to India at Calcutta, circa 1947

Early years[edit]

Pakistan Worldwide Airways can hint its origins to the times when Pakistan had not but come into existence following the tip of the British Raj and the Partition of British India. In 1945, the nation’s founder Muhammed Ali Jinnah realized the necessity for a flag service for the potential nation and requested monetary assist from rich businessmen Mirza Ahmad Ispahani and Adamjee Haji Dawood for this goal.[20] Consequently, the brand new airline, Orient Airways Restricted, was registered in Kolkata (then referred to as Calcutta) on 23 October 1946.[20] Orient grew to become the primary and solely Muslim-owned airline within the British Raj.[21][22]

In February 1947, the airline purchased three Douglas DC-Three plane and obtained a licence to fly in Could of the identical yr.[20] The airline began its operations on 30 June 1947, providing companies in British India from Calcutta to Sittwe and Rangoon (present-day Yangon).

Submit-independence[edit]

On 14 August 1947, Pakistan gained independence and Orient Airways began reduction operations for the brand new nation. The airline was entrusted with the duty of servicing air routes between East and West Pakistan.[20] By 1949, Orient acquired Three Convair CV-240s to service the Karachi-Delhi-Calcutta-Dhaka route, and have become the primary Asian airline to function Convair plane.[20]

1950s[edit]

Orient’s site visitors constantly declined till 1953 as Britain’s BOAC had been granted rights to hold passengers between the 2 wings of Pakistan, whereas two different native opponents additionally started serving Orient routes.[20] On account of losses, the Pakistani authorities started subsidizing Orient’s operations by means of a 1952 contract for the acquisition of three Lockheed L-1049 Tremendous Constellations registered to the federal government’s newly established subsidiary, Pakistan Worldwide Airways (PIA), at the price of 25 million rupees.[20] PIA had been established as a division of Pakistan’s Civil Aviation Authority, and was tasked with operation and upkeep of the brand new Lockheed plane.[20]

Pakistan’s authorities established the Pakistan Worldwide Airways Company by means of the merger Orient Airways with Pakistan Worldwide Airways on 1 October 1953 by an interim joint working settlement during which the federal government assumed monetary management of the airline, whereas Orient’s operations and floor belongings may very well be complemented by the plane of Pakistan Worldwide Airways – though Orient Airways continued to function beneath its title for just a few extra years.[20]

Pakistan’s Ministry of Defence took over operations from the Civil Aviation Authority in early 1954, whereas the chairman of Orient Airways grew to become the CEO of PIA, and international workers introduced in to assist relaunch the airline.[20] On 7 June 1954, Orient Airways started nonstop flight companies between East- and West Pakistan, with service from Karachi to Dhaka utilizing Pakistan Worldwide Airways’ Lockheed plane that had been ordered in 1952 and delivered in early 1954. The route was sponsored by the federal government in order that middle-class Pakistanis may afford to fly the route, with charges that will have been the bottom on this planet on the time.[20] The airline additionally launched two new home routes: Karachi–Lahore–Peshawar and Karachi–Quetta–Lahore.

On 11 March 1955, Orient Airways and Pakistan Worldwide Airways have been formally merged as a part of the Pakistan Worldwide Airways Company Ordinance, 1955. Orient Airways ceased operations whereas the federal government of Pakistan took a majority holding within the airline.[20] The brand new PIA had a fleet of three L-I049C Tremendous Constellations, 2 Convair CV-240s, and 11 DC-3s.[20]

The newly relaunched airline additionally inaugurated its first worldwide route, Karachi-London Heathrow Airport[23] through Cairo and Rome, utilizing the newly acquired Lockheed L-1049C Tremendous Constellations. The airline continued utilizing DC-3s on home routes in Pakistan. PIA carried 113,165 passengers in 1955 – 50% greater than in 1954.[20]

In Could 1956, PIA ordered 5 Vickers Viscount 815s. The airline additionally entered right into a partnership with PanAm to coach PIA’s personnel in 1956.[20] In 1957–1958, passenger numbers rose to 208,000, necessitating the acquisition of two extra Lockheed Tremendous Constellations.[20] The appointment of Air Marshal Nur Khan because the managing director of PIA in 1959 heralded an period of success for PIA.

1960s[edit]

In February 1960, PIA wet-leased a Boeing 707 from Pan American airways and launched it onto the Karachi-London route on 7 March 1960 initially utilizing PanAm pilots,[8] thereby changing into the primary Asian airline to induct and commercially function a jet plane in its fleet.[8][9][11] – Air India took supply of a 707 earlier on 21 February 1960, however didn’t induct the plane into business service till 19 April 1960.[25] An all-Pakistani crew started operation of the 707 from 20 June 1960 onwards.[20] By the tip of 1960, PIA, for the primary time, entered monetary profitability.[20]

With the newly acquired plane, the airline launched its first trans-Atlantic route Karachi-New York through London on 5 Could 1961,[20] which was suspended in February 1963.[26] In 1961, it expanded its fleet by inserting orders for Three Boeing 720s, which have been delivered in 1962.[20] On 2 January 1962, a PIA Boeing 720B flown by Captain Abdullah Baig from London to Karachi established a world file for velocity over a business airline route of 938.78 km/h (582.98 mph), a file which nonetheless holds to today.[27]Fokker F27 Friendships, and Sikorsky helicopters have been additionally ordered and delivered in 1963, with the helicopters used to offer air service to 20 cities in East Pakistan till 1966.[20][28]

The helicopters have been retired in 1966 and a decreased community of eight cities was served by Fokker F27 plane.[28] Upon the institution of ties between Pakistan and the Individuals’s Republic of China, PIA began flying the Dhaka-Canton-Shanghai route on 29 April 1964, changing into the primary airline of a non-communist nation flying to the Individuals’s Republic of China.[29][20] On 10 Could 1964, PIA grew to become the primary non-Soviet airline providing flights to Europe through Moscow.[20]

On the outbreak of Indo-Pakistani Conflict of 1965, the Pakistani Armed Forces used PIA’s companies for logistics and transport functions. The Viscounts have been phased out in 1966 and have been changed by 4 Hawker Siddeley Tridents.

PIA’s route grew quickly within the mid to late 1960s: Dhahran was added in 1965, whereas Cairo companies resumed. In 1966, Paris, Istanbul, Baghdad, Kuwait, Jeddah and Nairobi have been added to PIA’s routes. Bangkok was added in 1967, whereas Manila, Tokyo, and Damascus have been added in 1969.[20]

1970s[edit]

On Three December 1971, a French nationwide’s try and hijack a PIA flight from Paris to Karachi was thwarted by French safety forces.[31] Transatlantic flights to New York Metropolis have been resumed in Could 1972 with a stopover in Europe.[26] With the institution of cordial ties between the Libyan and Pakistani governments within the early ’70s, PIA added Tripoli to its community in 1972. PIA additionally signed an settlement with Yugoslav airline JAT in 1972 to lease 2 PIA Boeing 707s to JAT.[32]

PIA acquired McDonnell Douglas DC-10s in 1973 to interchange its remaining Boeing 707-300s. Nur Khan was appointed as PIA government for the second time period in 1974.[26] In 1974, PIA launched Pakistan Worldwide Cargo, providing air freight and cargo companies. In 1975, PIA launched new uniforms for air hostesses, which have been chosen by means of an open competitors, with the profitable entry designed by Hardy Amies.

The latter half of the last decade witnessed an additional growth of PIA’s fleet with the introduction of Boeing 747s, with its first two plane leased from TAP Air Portugal in 1976.[33] By 1976–7, PIA carried 2.2 million passengers, in comparison with 698,000 in 1972–3.[34] Revenues in 1976 rose sharply in comparison with 1975, with the airline revenues of $134 million within the July–December interval of 1976.[35] On 20 January 1978, a PIA Fokker 27 was hijacked en path to Karachi from Sukkur.[36]

For the primary time since its inauguration, PIA began offering technical and administrative help or leased plane to international airways together with Air China,[37]Air Malta,[37]Choson Minhang,[38]Philippine Airways,[39]Somali Airways,[40] and Yemenia.[40] A subsidiary of PIA additionally began offering lodge administration companies within the United Arab Emirates in direction of the tip of the last decade. Political upheaval in Pakistan within the late 1970s started to affect PIA’s operations negatively.[41]

1980s[edit]

The 1980s noticed a continuation of PIA development. The last decade started with the opening of a cargo dealing with centre at Karachi airport, duty-free retailers, the primary C and D security checks on its complete fleet, in addition to the introduction of airline’s first Airbus A300B4-200 plane. In 1981, PIA had an worker workforce of virtually 24,000, which regardless of being decreased to 20,000 by 1983 nonetheless resulted in PIA having the world’s highest ratio of staff to plane.[41] PIA’s operations grew to become more and more de-centralized in the course of the early 1980s, with tasks being break up between new departments.[41] Regardless of de-centralization, PIA reported its highest ever earnings in 1981–2,[42] adopted by file earnings once more in 1983–4.[43]

In 1984, the airline launched Evening-Coach service as a low-cost different to day-time home flights. Within the following years, PIA Planetarium was inaugurated in Karachi which was adopted by planetariums in Lahore and Peshawar. These planetariums featured retired PIA plane on show for academic or observational functions. Two extra retired Boeing 720B plane have been donated to the planetariums in Karachi and Lahore in a while. PIA earnings once more rose in 1984–5.[44]

In June 1985, PIA grew to become the primary Asian airline to function the Boeing 737-300 plane after 6 of the plane have been delivered to the airline.[45] Pakistan Worldwide Airways additionally performed a major position in establishing UAE’s Emirates airline in 1985 by offering technical and administrative help to the brand new service in addition to leasing a brand new Boeing 737-300 and an Airbus A300B4-200.[12] In late 1987 and early 1988, companies to Malé, Manchester, and Toronto have been launched.[46]

1990s[edit]

PIA started to maintain working losses and liquidity issues all through the 1990s resulting from frequent pilot strikes, points with numerous distributors, over-staffing, and political interference in airline administration.[47] In 1990, First Officer Maliha Sami grew to become the primary feminine pilot of PIA when she took off on the Karachi-Panjgur-Turbat-Gwadar route. In June 1991, PIA took supply of its first of six Airbus A310-300 plane – with the brand new plane, the airline launched flights to Tashkent in 1992 and to Zürich in 1993.

In March 1993, AVM Farooq Umar grew to become managing director of the airline. An Open Skies settlement between Karachi to Dubai was agreed upon in 1993, and 12 personal airways have been allowed to function domestically in Pakistan. Each steps got here concurrently and put monumental stress on PIA’s monetary efficiency, although PIA launched six new routes to the Persian Gulf and CIS nations, together with a vacationer ‘Air Safari’ scenic flight over the Karakoram Mountains in 1994. Continuous flights from Lahore and Islamabad to JFK and Canada have been launched, whereas PIA added Jakarta, Fujairah, Baku, and Al-Ain to its community in 1994. As well as, PIA grew to become a shopper of three flight-reservation methods, specifically: Sabre, Galileo, and Amadeus.

A Tupolev Tu-154 plane was additionally leased briefly in 1996 to deal with a surge in passenger site visitors throughout summer season 1996. Flights to Beirut have been resumed the identical yr as nicely earlier than being discontinued just a few years later. In 1999, PIA leased 5 Boeing 747-300 plane from Cathay Pacific to interchange its Boeing 747-200M fleet. The plane have been painted with a brand new livery, a handwork Pashmina tail, on white physique and huge Pakistan titles on the entrance fuselage. The livery was adopted within the early 90s however resulting from some copyright points, it was dropped. The Boeing 747-300s continued to bear the brand new livery, however with a plain inexperienced tail with PIA titles. The opposite plane within the fleet have been repainted in early 1990s livery.

2000s[edit]

The Conflict in Afghanistan following the assaults on 11 September 2001 negatively impacted PIA’s operations as Afghan airspace was closed.[47] Nevertheless, following the restructuring of the airline beneath new administration in April 2001, the airline once more grew to become worthwhile.[47] Value per worker dropped 24% between 2000 and 2003, which decrease engineering and upkeep prices result in enhanced airline income.[47]

In July 2002, PIA bought six Boeing 747-300 plane from Cathay Pacific, 5 of which have been already on lease. The sixth one arrived shortly afterward and was used primarily on its North American and European routes. In October 2002, after ten years with none new orders, the airline positioned an order for eight Boeing 777 plane. The order included all three variants of 777, i.e. three 777-200ER (Prolonged Vary), two 777-200LR (Longer Vary), and three 777-300ER variations. PIA was the launch buyer that revived the Boeing 777-200LR undertaking that, till then, solely had three orders.

Boeing delivered the primary of three 777-200ER plane to PIA in January 2004, and PIA launched a brand new livery for the 777-200ERs that was utilized to most of its fleet. PIA additionally leased six extra Airbus A310-300 plane straight from Airbus. On Three November 2005, PIA positioned an order to buy seven ATR 42-500 plane to interchange its ageing fleet of Fokker F27 Friendships. On 10 November 2005, PIA used the 777-200LR to fly the world’s longest flight by a business airliner, flying over 21,000 kilometers on an eastbound flight from Hong Kong to London for 22 hours and 22 minutes[15] – a file which nonetheless stands as of late 2019.[16] On 6 December 2005, PIA acquired one other new Boeing 777-200ER on a ten-year lease. On 23 December 2006, PIA took supply of its first Boeing 777-300ER. The remaining plane have been delivered in January 2007.

On 25 February 2006, Boeing delivered its first 777-200LR to PIA. ATR delivered two of the seven ordered ATR 42s to PIA in Could and December 2006 respectively, following which the airline ceased utilizing navy Lockheed C-130 Hercules for passenger companies in northern areas of Pakistan. The navy plane have been getting used after the PIA Flight 688 accident.

With the induction of long-range 777 plane in its fleet, PIA began providing continuous flights from Toronto to Karachi, Islamabad, and Lahore from Three March 2006. PIA had additionally deliberate continuous flights to New York Metropolis, Chicago, Washington, and Houston however was not permitted by US authorities (except the airline applied a European stopover on the flight to American cities) resulting from safety considerations after 9/11.

A PIA flight from Multan crashed in July 2006, killing 45. A authorities inquiry afterward blamed growing old plane for the crash.[48] Houston companies additionally led to 2006. Following the crash, on 5 March 2007, the European Fee banned all however 9 of PIA’s 42-strong fleet from flying to Europe, citing security considerations over its ageing plane.[49][50] The fleet of Boeing 777s was exempted from the ban,[51] however 15 plane have been over 20 years previous by this level.[52] PIA claimed that the ban was discriminatory and unjustifiable. On 26 March 2007, Tariq Saeed Kirmani was pressured to resign after stress from authorities due to the EU ban[citation needed]. Zafar Khan was then appointed as the brand new chairman of Pakistan Worldwide Airways.

The ban on a few of the plane was lifted after 4 months on 5 July 2007, following an inspection by the European Union Air Security Administration. Of the eleven plane allowed to renew operations to the EU, 5 have been Boeing 747-300s, and the remaining six have been Airbus A310-300s. On 29 November 2007, the EU fully eliminated the ban, and PIA’s complete fleet was permitted to fly to Europe.[53]

2010s[edit]

In 2010, PIA altered its livery. The tail design was changed with a a lot bigger model of the Pakistan nationwide flag and added the textual content “Pakistan Worldwide” in gold writing beneath the massive billboard-style PIA on the fuselage. The inexperienced stripe was modified to incorporate gold and was prolonged to the rear of the fuselage.

By 2011, PIA started to be unprofitable once more, requiring authorities subsidies.[54] A mix of elevated competitors from Center Jap airways, rising gas costs, company mismanagement, and over-staffing contributed to PIAs sharp lower in revenues.[citation needed]

In 2014, PIA leased 4 Boeing 737-800s. PIA additionally issued a request for tender for 4 Boeing 777-300ERs, nevertheless, the bids for the 777s weren’t accepted. The airline did lease Airbus A320 plane and inducted two A320-214s in its fleet in 2014. One other wet-leased A320-211s joined PIA on 11 August 2014. In October 2014, the airline once more wet-leased three Boeing 737-800s, and it additionally accepted bids to dry lease 5 ATR 72–500s for eight years. In 2015, after serving PIA for 16 years, the final of PIA’s Boeing 747-300s have been phased out.

In early 2016, PIA was essentially grounded for a complete week as staff walked out en masse following the deaths of two staff in an indication towards the airline’s privatization.[55] In August 2016, PIA launched a brand new “Premier Service” for flights to London, utilizing an Airbus A330-300 wet-leased from SriLankan Airways.[56] The wet-lease interval ended after six months, and because of this, the A330-300 was returned to SriLankan Airways,[57] and the Premier Service discontinued. By the tip of 2016, the airline was saddled with $3 billion in debt.[55]

In January 2017, PIA retired the entire Airbus A310-300s from its fleet. For substitute, PIA leased 4 Boeing 737-800s from Pegasus Airways, which have been returned in a while completion of the lease interval. After over 50 years of service, PIA service to New York led to October 2017 because of TSA regulation stopping nonstop flights from Pakistan and the US,[58] leaving Toronto as PIA’s solely vacation spot in North America – which continues to be served by nonstop flights from Karachi, Lahore, and Islamabad.

In 2017, PIA determined to interchange its reservation and ticketing system “Sabre” with a Turkish origin system referred to as “Hitit”. Each PIA & Hitit signed an settlement and in September 2018, the airline efficiently switched to the brand new system.[59][60] On the finish of 2018, the airline was burdened with $3.3 billion in debt, up from $2.97 the yr earlier than, and thus requiring authorities bailouts for continued operation.[61] With the demise of Shaheen Air, PIA launched routes that had beforehand been served solely by Shaheen.[58]

New worthwhile routes have been launched in 2019,[62] whereas worthwhile routes equivalent to Karachi-Toronto noticed elevated frequencies.[63] six unprofitable routes have been discontinued in 2019.[64] In April 2019, PIA claimed that its revenues nearly matched working prices.[65] Later that yr following a go to of TSA officers to the Islamabad Worldwide Airport in July 2019, PIA expressed hope that continuous flights to the US could be permitted.[66] In August 2019, PIA laid off 1,000 “redundant staff.”[67] In September, PIA introduced that it will lease extra plane to extend the airline’s fleet to 37 by 2020,[68] and 45 by 2023.[69] By the tip of 2019, PIA reported a 41% enhance in year-on-year income resulting from discontinuation of unprofitable routes, reintroduction of grounded plane, and a pointy enhance within the airline cargo house utilization.[70]

2020s[edit]

For the primary time in its historical past, PIA operated a reduction flight from Lahore to Melbourne, Australia, in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic.[71]

On 22 Could 2020, a PIA Airbus A320-214 AP-BLD, crashed close to Karachi airport with 99 individuals on board. The flight was en path to Karachi from Lahore. Flight PK8303, carrying 91 passengers and eight crew members on board, crashed whereas on the descent in direction of the runway of Jinnah Worldwide Airport, killing 97 whereas two passengers survived. The reason for the crash is unknown, pending an inquiry.[72] The Worldwide Air Transport Affiliation (IATA) communicated considerations over the “critical lapse in licensing and security oversight by the aviation regulator”.[73]

Pilot licensing scandal[edit]

On 24 June, Pakistani aviation minister Ghulam Sarwar Khan instructed Parliament that 262 of Pakistan’s 860 lively, licensed pilots had been discovered to have suspicious or faux licences. They have been suspected of getting paid another person to take their certification examination on their behalf. PIA subsequently grounded 150 of its 434 Pilots on suspicion of getting a bogus license.[74][75][76] Later, the employment of seven pilots was terminated.[77]

On 30 June, the European Union Aviation Security Company (EASA) revoked PIA’s ‘third half authorisation’, subsequently banning PIA from flying in European airspace for six months from the next day,[78] following a number of security failings.

On 9 July 2020, the US banned the airline due to considerations about its certification of pilots.[79] By that date, PIA was additionally banned from flights in the UK, and Pakistani pilots in Vietnam and Malaysia have been grounded on a short lived foundation.[80] Stories on 16 July 2020 acknowledged that the US Federal Aviation Administration downgraded Pakistan’s air security ranking to class 2. This choice “means no Pakistani airways can set up new companies to the US or codeshare with US airways”.[81]

On 18 July PIA dismissed seven pilots and one member of cabin crew whose licences had been revoked by the nation’s Civil Aviation Authority.[82]

Company administration[edit]

Construction[edit]

Pakistan Worldwide Airways’ head workplace, situated in Lahore

Pakistan Worldwide Airways Company Restricted (PIACL) is majority-owned by the Authorities of Pakistan (86%) whereas the rest (14%) by personal shareholders. The airline is beneath the administration of Aviation Division and is managed by President & chief government officer in addition to the board of administrators.

The Board consists of 9 impartial non-executive members and has 4 sub-committees: an Audit Committee, Model and Promoting Committee, Finance Committee, and Human Useful resource Committee every having its constitution and chairman. The President & chief government officer leads the chief administration of workers who run the airline. The airline’s essential headquarters are situated at Karachi,[83] whereas smaller subhead places of work are situated in a number of cities inside Pakistan.

Seven out of ten departments of PIA are actually situated at Islamabad, viz, Advertising and marketing Division, Process Bureau, Central Reservation Management, Income Administration, HR and Safety and Vigilance Division.[84] The remaining three out of ten departments of PIA are situated at Karachi, specifically finance, engineering and state of affairs room.[84]

Privatization[edit]

Within the late 1990s, the Authorities of Pakistan thought of promoting the airline to the personal sector as a result of persistent losses suffered by the airline. The federal government introduced its privatisation plans however they have been by no means applied. A number of steps in direction of the outsourcing of non-core companies have been initiated. Catering items (beginning with Karachi Flight Kitchen), floor dealing with (beginning with ramp companies) and engineering, are to be step by step carved out of the airline and operated as impartial firms. In 1997, Pakistan referred to as in a workforce from Worldwide Finance (IFC), the consulting arm of the World Financial institution, to advise on restructuring and privatisation of Pakistan Worldwide Airways (PIA). Nevertheless, no settlement was reached.[85] The federal government has had many plans for the privatisation of the State-owned airline. Nevertheless, no cheap settlement or answer has been discovered to today. On 18 February 2009, the service was dropped from the privatisation record.
[86]

In 2013, the Authorities of Pakistan as soon as once more aimed to privatise the airline resulting from elevated losses by promoting twenty-six p.c of shares & administration management to the investor. This plan was dropped resulting from heavy protests by airline unions and associations during which two staff have been killed when safety forces have been tasked to cease the protesters for his or her motion in direction of Jinnah Worldwide Airport terminal constructing.

In 2018, the newly elected authorities aimed to not privatise the entity and make it a worthwhile by means of the change in its high administration.[87]

Monetary efficiency[edit]

In 2011, PIA started to be unprofitable, requiring authorities subsidies.[54] A mix of elevated competitors from Center Jap airways, rising gas costs, company mismanagement, and over-staffing contributed to PIAs sharp lower in revenues.[citation needed] By the tip of 2016, the airline was saddled with $3 billion in debt.[55] On the finish of 2018, the airline was burdened with $3.3 billion in debt, up from $2.97 the yr earlier than, and thus requiring authorities bail outs for continued operation.[61] In April 2019, PIA claimed that its revenues nearly matched working prices.[65] An audit in September 2019 revealed that PIA had operated 46 empty flights between 2016 and 2017, with none passengers inflicting a lack of $1.1 million to the airline. Moreover, 36 Hajj flights have been additionally operating with none passengers.[88] By the tip of 2019, PIA reported a 41% enhance in year-on-year income resulting from discontinuation of unprofitable routes, reintroduction of idle plane, and a pointy enhance within the airline cargo house utilization.[70]

The airline faces many challenges to its profitability. PIA is taken into account {one of the} most cost-effective airways.[89] Pakistan faces what has been termed “capability dumping” by Center East airways, who function quite a few each day flights to each main metropolis in Pakistan.[58] Pakistan’s Open Skies Settlement with the UAE, for instance, permits Emirati airways a vast variety of seats into Karachi, with Emirates airways alone working as much as seven each day flights to Karachi from Dubai on high-capacity Boeing 777s.[58] PIA additionally discontinued beforehand worthwhile routes to the US, because the TSA forbade nonstop flights from Pakistan to the US, and as an alternative required expensive diversions to European airports for immigration clearance – leading to flight occasions that have been considerably longer than flights on Center Jap airways.[58] New routes equivalent to to Najaf and Thailand additionally didn’t enhance the airline’s funds given the seasonality of these locations.[58] Additional, staffing ranges and total administration points, together with an worker depend of 18,014 in 2010 for a fleet of 40 plane,[90][91] current additional challenges – though in August 2019, PIA laid off 1,000 “redundant staff.”[67]

Revenues
Yr Revenues (PKR in Million) Revenue/(Loss) (PKR in Million) Workers (Ave.)
2019 94,738 (32,746) [92]
2018 65,723 (48,000) 13,000 approx.
2017 90,844 (44,110)
2016 88,997 (45,381) 14,000 approx.[93]
2015 104,515 (34,995) 15,000
2014 113,780 (34,006) 16,000
2013 95,771 (44,322) 16,604
2012 97,438 (33,844) 17,439
2011 116,551 (26,767) 18,014
2010 107,532 (20,785) 18,019
2009 94,564 (5,822) 17,944
2008 88,863 (36,139) 18,036
2007 70,481 (13,399) 18,149
2006 70,587 (12,763) 18,282
2005 64,074 (4,412) 19,263
2004 57,788 2,307 19,634

In 2010, PIA carried 1,454,000 kg of mail – in 2013, PIA managed simply 648,000 kg of mail. Moreover, PIA’s income from extra baggage, passenger load issue, and passenger kilometre stream have been declining steadily.[94]

Passenger Site visitors
Yr Income Passengers (Million) Passenger Load Issue Common Passenger Stage Distance (Statute KM)
2014 Decrease4,202 72 2,833
2013 Decrease4,449 70 2,751
2012 Decrease5.236 70 2,650
2011 Increase5.953 72 2,631
2010 Increase5.538 74 2,827
2009 Decrease5.535 70 2,510
2008 Increase5.617 71 2,479
2007 Decrease5.415 67 2,527
2006 Increase5.732 69 2,639
2005 5.499 70 2,638

In 2011, about 81% of income was from passenger site visitors and solely 5% from cargo. One other 7.8% was from meals and beverage gross sales. The remaining 6% was from numerous sources equivalent to extra baggage expenses, air constitution companies, plane upkeep engineering companies, floor dealing with and associated companies, and carriage of mail.[91]

Locations[edit]

As of November 2019, PIA serves 19 home and 24 worldwide locations in 16 nations throughout Asia, the Center East, Europe and North America. Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh, Dammam, Dubai , Kuala Lumpur, Barcelona and Milan and so on are main targeted cities for the airline, with flights from Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Multan, Sialkot and Faisalabad.

PIA with its Interline agreements and codeshare companion airways, affords a wider selection of journey in 102 worldwide locations in 40 nations internationally with completely different flight connections.

Codeshare agreements[edit]

PIA has Codeshare agreements with the next airways:[95][96]

Interline agreements[edit]

PIA have Interline agreements with the next airways:[95]

Cargo SPA agreements[edit]

PIA have Cargo Particular Professional-rate Agreements agreements with the next airways:
[97]

Present fleet[edit]

As of July 2020, the Pakistan Worldwide Airways fleet consists of the next plane:[98][99]

Pakistan Worldwide Airways fleet
Plane In service Orders Passengers Notes
C Y+ Y Whole
Airbus A320-200 11 1 8 161 169 Two plane painted in a 1960s retro livery.
5 new plane to be delivered in 2020.[100]
162 170
ATR 42-500 4 48 48 One plane at present saved.
ATR 72-500 5 70 70 One plane at present saved.
Boeing 777-200ER 6 35 294 329 One plane painted in a 1960s retro livery.
25 282 307
Boeing 777-200LR 2 35 275 310 Launch buyer[14]
Boeing 777-300ER 4 35 358 393
18 40 384 442
Whole 32 1

Former fleet[edit]

PIA’s 1980s legacy tail, which grew to become an identification for the airline

In December 2003, PIA launched a brand new picture that was utilized to its first Boeing 777-200ER and on two newly leased Airbus A310s, certainly one of which was in service. The livery was white on the entrance and beige on the rear separated by a darkish inexperienced stripe. The tail was painted white with a brand new typeface PIA acronym written in darkish inexperienced. The Pakistan title was added to the entrance fuselage in all raised letters and the engine cowlings have been painted in beige. The PIA emblem written in calligraphic Urdu was added simply behind the cockpit. Nevertheless, resulting from criticism, the design was modified earlier than the primary Boeing 777 was delivered. The tail emblem was changed by a flowing Pakistan flag on a beige background. The “Pakistan” titles have been eliminated and the PIA acronym was enlarged and moved onto the fuselage. The English and Urdu PIA titles remained the identical. The leased A310s and a lot of the PIA fleet additionally adopted this livery at a later date.

A PIA Boeing 747-300 painted in a Frontier livery

In early 2006, the airline launched 4 new tail designs for its fleet. The tails represented the 4 provinces of Pakistan: Sindh, Punjab, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa and Balochistan. The tails promoted the cultures of the 4 provinces of Pakistan by making use of motifs to the tails and including a metropolis title to the rear of the fuselage akin to the province. The “Frontier” tail represented the “Phulkari” (flowering) sample, which mirrored a convention of embroidery typically performed on shawls, shirts, and linen. The “Punjab” tail was loosely associated to the tile ornament of the Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore. The “Balochistan” tail confirmed the creativity seen within the native kilims, carpets, and rugs woven with wool, goat or camel hair and blended yarn. The sample was largely daring geometric motifs in major colors dominated by purple. The “Sindh” tail was influenced by the Hala tile work with electrical blue and white floral patterns. In 2009, administration stopped the applying of provincial tails, deeming them too expensive.

PIA launched its new livery in early April 2010. An Airbus A310, Boeing 777-200 and Boeing 747-300 have been the primary plane to put on the brand new look. The livery was unveiled on the PIA headquarters on a Boeing 777 mannequin. The livery consisted of a inexperienced and gold strip operating across the backside of the fuselage and persevering with proper up till the tail cone. The ahead/higher portion was white and on the rear, it was an off-white/beige color. The underside a part of the tail blended into the higher fuselage because it too is white, with the remainder of the tail painted with a big wavy Pakistan flag, which takes up the entire tail, in a darkish inexperienced color. On the entrance of the fuselage, ‘PIA’ was written in a billboard fashion in darkish inexperienced and beneath ‘Pakistan’ was written in golden color. Simply behind the cockpit, there’s a stylised Urdu PIA emblem in addition to on the engines.

In July 2014, on the supply of the primary A320 collection plane, PIA launched a “crescent and star” on the plane engines’ cowlings rather than the Urdu PIA emblem. In 2015, after the completion of sixty years service, the 1960s livery was utilized to a few of the Airbus A320s and on one Boeing 777-200ER.

In 2018, Pakistan’s nationwide animal Markhor was chosen to be launched because the model identification on plane tail. Nevertheless, later the Supreme Court docket of Pakistan took suo motu motion and barred PIA from utilizing the Markhor as model identification, just one Airbus A320 was painted within the livery.

In April 2018, PIA formally launched a brand new model identification and livery and added a portrait of the Markhor in a ceremony held at PIA Workplaces in Islamabad, introduced by the then head of name of PIA, having Pakistan’s nationwide animal represented on its plane, together with a big one on the tail and two on the engines, describing the resilient nature of PIA Model surviving beneath the onslaught of all of the negativity related to the model. The image of animal was chosen for its common recognition because the Urdu calligraphy emblem of PIA couldn’t be comprehended by non-Pakistani prospects. In essence the concept was to make PIA a very worldwide model based mostly on the values of resilience, grace and fortitude, one thing which PIA had misplaced with elevated deal with ethnic site visitors. The tail had a ahead leaping Markhor having lengthy screw horns, that are the options of ‘Kashmiri Markhor’ endemic to Pakistan solely. In keeping with the preliminary plan, a euro-white fashion was chosen and present inexperienced and golden strips have been faraway from the plane fuselage together with off-white/beige color on the rear fuselage, however later a serious rebranding was carried out. The font of the PIA emblem was additionally modified and added to the fuselage. For the primary time, legacy PIA colors (Pakistan inexperienced and mustard gold) have been dropped and a blue texture was added within the “PIA” acronym increasing the color palette for the model. Urdu PIA emblem color was additionally modified from the yellow-green gradient texture. The airline’s slogan was additionally modified to “We Fly on the Proper Angle” from “Nice Individuals to Fly With”. The primary plane with the redesigned livery was transformed on 12 Could 2018 and rolled out of Isphani Hangar by the tactic of decals to make a debut on the New Islamabad Worldwide Airport.[101][102] The re-branding was halted on Suo Moto Discover taken by Supreme Court docket of Pakistan on fears of spending tens of millions on the rebranding and never paying the wage of the workers on time. The Supreme Court docket of Pakistan suo motu discover barred PIA from utilizing the Markhor emblem as its model identification. Supreme Court docket later gave orders to retain the flag on the tail and disposed off the case. Nevertheless, with administration change, the re-branding was deserted altogether.[103][104] At present, the airline is working a hybrid livery which contains a euro-white fuselage and gold Urdu emblem in-front of the entrance exits and engine cowling whereas the flag tail, English PIA (and Pakistan Worldwide in gold) titles in darkish inexperienced and Pakistan titles in darkish inexperienced on the stomach have been retained from the 2010 livery. The PIA company web site was additionally added forward of the aft exits. At present, 5 Boeing 777s and three A320s are sporting this livery.

Companies[edit]

Cabin[edit]

PIA operates a three-class configuration on its home routes: , Government Economic system and Economic system. On worldwide flights, a two-class configuration (Government Economic system and Economic system class) has been launched since January 2019. PIA has retained Enterprise class-only on home flights operated by Boeing 777s. PIA Enterprise and Government Economic system passengers are supplied recliner seats on all Boeing 777 plane. Seats with extra legroom and vacant center seat are supplied in Government Economic system on board the Airbus A320 plane. In Economic system class, all passengers on the Boeing 777 are supplied seats with 30-inch legroom and private leisure screens in a 3-3-Three configuration. On the Airbus A320, fabric-covered seats in a 3–Three configuration are supplied.

Catering[edit]

PIA Catering is the principle provider of meals for the airline at Islamabad and Karachi. It will probably produce 15,000 passenger meals every day. In 2006, the administration of the flight kitchens was given to Singapore Air Terminal Companies (SATS). This settlement led to 2011 and PIA is managing the Flight Kitchens in Karachi and Islamabad itself. As of April 2019, an MOU was signed between PIA and McDonald’s for the airways catering. PIA Catering gives particular meals to permit for passengers’ dietary and spiritual wants. No alcoholic drinks and pork are served on board resulting from Islamic regulation.[105]

PIA Premier service[edit]

PIA Premier was launched as a luxurious air service on 14 August 2016. An Airbus A330 plane was initially wet-leased from SriLankan Airways to function the service.[56] There have been six weekly flights to London, three every from Islamabad and Lahore.[106] PIA ended the service resulting from losses and the A330 was returned to SriLankan.[citation needed]

In-flight Journal[edit]

The PIA in-flight journal, Humsafar (Urdu for “journey companion”), is supplied to all passengers on all flights. Humsafar was launched in 1980 and is printed and revealed bi-monthly.

In-flight Leisure[edit]

Pakistan Worldwide Airways was the primary worldwide airline to introduce leisure system exhibiting a usually scheduled movie on board within the yr 1962.[107][108] Updated, most of PIA’s lengthy haul fleet in-flight leisure is at present unusable and the system went haywire.

In-flight Web[edit]

In January 2017, the airline started trials on an on-board web system to ship in-flight leisure on some home flights. The system permits passengers to entry a collection of in-flight leisure content material utilizing their very own cell units.[109] PIA affords private screens on Boeing 777 flights with in-flight films, music and TV reveals. The Boeing 777 IFE additionally options an inflight map and air present. Chosen A320s function drop-down screens with in-flight map and air-show.

Frequent Flyer Program[edit]

PIA Awards Plus+ is the frequent flyer program. This system permits passengers to get free tickets, extra baggage vouchers, cabin upgrades, and quite a lot of rewards, particular offers, and reductions. Awards Plus+ has three tiers of membership – Emerald, Sapphire, and Diamond. Awards Plus+ miles might be earned by flying PIA and through the use of the services of PIA’s companions.

Precision Engineering Advanced (PEC)[edit]

The Precision Engineering Advanced (PEC) consists of the next amenities:

  • Binocular Meeting
  • Calibration Facility
  • Glass Fiber Composite Manufacturing
  • Funding Casting Facility
  • Machine Store
  • Materials Testing Laboratory
  • Non Damaging Testing Facility
  • Optics
  • Printed Circuit Boards (PCB)
  • Plating Services
  • Packaging Plant
  • Shot Peening[110]

Floor dealing with[edit]

PIA gives floor dealing with companies to the next airways:

Cargo operations[edit]

PIA operates a cargo supply system inside Pakistan. PIA Cargo transports items throughout Pakistan in addition to to worldwide locations. These embody meat and greens, textiles, paper merchandise, laboratory gear and postal mail.

In the course of the early 1970s, PIA operated a service referred to as “Air Categorical” that delivered paperwork and parcels inside Pakistan. In 1974, PIA launched a devoted cargo division inside its organisation utilizing two Boeing 707-320C. This division was referred to as “Pakistan Worldwide Cargo”. The airline operated a number of cargo flights to the Center East equivalent to Dubai and Europe particularly London. The operations ended within the late 1990s when each plane have been phased out. Throughout 2004 to 2007, the airline did once more function two Airbus A300 Freighter plane chartered by means of MNG Airways to Haan. Luton, Amsterdam, Basel and Cologne. Nevertheless once more the contract ended and PIA discontinued this service.

In 2003, the airline launched “PIA Speedex”, a courier service in Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi and Islamabad initially. This later expanded twelve cities inside a yr. At present, the airline affords over 70 areas inside Pakistan, with shipments collected and delivered from prospects properties.

In 2019, the PIA new administration has sharp enhance within the airline’s cargo house utilization from 20 p.c to nearly 80 p.c.
[70]
PIA at present affords cargo/ service for these worldwide locations Abu Dhabi, Bangkok, Barcelona, Birmingham, China – Beijing, Copenhagen, Doha, Dubai, Jeddah, Kabul, Kuala Lumpur, London, Manchester, Medina, Milan, Muscat, Najaf, Oslo, Paris, Riyadh, Sharjah, Tokyo – Narita and Toronto – Canada.[112]

The airline has sponsored occasions, each inside Pakistan and in its abroad markets.

Within the 1990s, the airline launched the three inexperienced stripe livery to symbolize its help for sports activities. The airline helps the Pakistan Worldwide Airways first-class cricket workforce that performs within the Quaid-i-Azam Trophy and Patron’s Trophy. PIA sponsors the PIA soccer membership, and the A1 Workforce Pakistan within the A1 Grand Prix open-wheel auto racing collection when it was initially launched. The airline additionally promotes the Shandur Polo Gala, that takes place yearly within the Chitral and Gilgit areas of northern Pakistan in the course of the summer season interval.[113] PIA additionally has its personal Sports activities Division since 1958 selling sports activities inside Pakistan equivalent to cricket, hockey, soccer, squash, polo, tennis, bridge, chess, desk tennis, biking, and bodybuilding. PIA has its personal Boy Scouts Affiliation (PIA-BSA) working in partnership with Pakistan Boy Scouts Affiliation. After a devastating earthquake in 2005, PIA-BSA labored in partnership with different charity organisations to offer reduction assist.

PIA was {one of the} official sponsors of the “Vacation spot Pakistan 2007” festivals. The official emblem was added to a choose variety of plane in the course of the yr[114] In 2008, PIA teamed up with cell phone supplier, Ufone to offer air miles to passengers who used the cell community. Customary Chartered Financial institution and PIA launched Credit score Playing cards permitting passengers to earn air miles to be used of their bank cards.[115] In 2009, PIA was the gold sponsor for Logistics Pakistan, an Exhibition and Convention poised to spotlight the rising alternatives for the Logistics sector in Pakistan. In 2009, PIA and Pakistan Remittance Initiative (PRI) fashioned a strategic alliance to advertise world cash transfers.[116]

PIA has Planetariums in Karachi and Lahore that allow the general public to see static plane in addition to astronomy reveals. PIA Horticulture, arrange in 1996, gives flowers for show in PIA’s places of work and occasions, profitable awards and accolades at flower exhibitions throughout the nation. The airline helps non-profit organisations inside Pakistan equivalent to Al-Shifa Belief; Zindagi Belief; The Residents Basis; and Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT).[117] In 2009, PIA teamed up with the fast-food franchise McDonald’s, to supply passengers reductions on meals and upgrades.[118] PIA additionally owns three inns, the Roosevelt Lodge, the Scribe Lodge and Skyrooms (Personal) Restricted.[119] The airline additionally has an settlement with Pearl Continental Resorts for its UAE based mostly passengers.[120]

Constitution and particular companies[edit]

State officers transportation[edit]

Callsign “PAKISTAN 001” carrying the President on PIA’s Boeing 707. Photographed at Munich Airport in West Germany, circa 1961

PIA has been constantly serving authorities officers of Pakistan and has all the time transported the President and Prime Minister on abroad visits. In the course of the late 1990s, a PIA Boeing 737-300[121][better source needed] was used for official visits by the Bhutto and Sharif governments. The plane wore official authorities colors however was later repainted within the airline official colors on the finish of the last decade. When the federal government modified after a navy coup in 1999, the Boeing 737-300 was transferred to PIA completely. The President and Prime Minister then resorted to utilizing two of PIA’s Airbus A310-300s for official visits, whereas uncommon journeys have been performed on common business flights of the airline. In February 2007 the federal government of Qatar gifted an Airbus A310 from its VIP fleet[122][better source needed] to the Pakistani authorities; this ended the necessity for the usage of PIA plane. Nevertheless, once in a while the federal government makes use of {one of the} airline’s Airbus A320s, or sometimes a Boeing 777, for official journeys.[123]

Constitution companies[edit]

PIA operates personal constitution flights utilizing ATR 42s to Bhit, Kadanwari and Sehwan Sharif in Sindh in addition to to different components of the nation for oil and fuel firms and different prospects. Advert hoc charters for United Nations peacekeeping troops are additionally carried out to Africa and Jap Europe, Asia (South Korea, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, East Timor) and lots of different worldwide locations; PIA Constitution Workforce gives these companies.

Hajj and Umrah operations[edit]

PIA operates a two-month (pre- and post-) Hajj operation annually to and from Saudi Arabia. PIA transported over 100,000 intending pilgrims annually to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia till its fleet shrank to 25 plane in 2011–2012. Since then, the airline’s Hajj quota was decreased to 60,00 to 70,000 pilgrims by the then authorities.

PIA Township[edit]

Township in Sindh, Pakistan

PIA Township (Urdu: پی آئی اے ٹاؤن شپ‎) often known as PIA Colony is Pakistan Worldwide Airways flat advanced which is a serious residential gated neighborhood situated in Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. The township was constructed for the staff working in PIA. The township has not less than 1100 flats. The township is subsequent to the Jinnah Worldwide Airport.

PIA Mannequin Secondary Faculty[edit]

PIA Mannequin Secondary Faculty or PIAMSS merely referred to as PIA Mannequin Faculty is a single-gender training faculty in PIA Township, operated by Pakistan Worldwide Airways situated in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. The PIA Mannequin Secondary Faculty was arrange in 1980 to offer prime quality training to the kids of PIA staff at an reasonably priced price.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Pakistan Worldwide Airways skilled its first recorded hull loss in 1956: a Douglas DC-Three flew right into a mountain on 25 February that yr whereas on a cargo flight from Gilgit to Islamabad in poor climate, killing the three crew members on board.[125] Since then the airline has misplaced greater than thirty plane in crashes and different occasions, together with one other twenty deadly crashes.[126] There have additionally been not less than eight hijacking incidents involving the airline’s plane between 1971 and 2017.

  • On 1 July 1957, a Douglas DC-Three registered AP-AJS, working a home flight from Chittagong to Dhaka in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), crashed on a mudflat within the Bay of Bengal, killing all twenty passengers and 4 crew members on board.[127]
  • On 15 Could 1958, a Convair CV-240 with the registration AP-AEH, working as Flight 205 from Delhi to Karachi, crashed and caught fireplace moments after it took off from Delhi’s Palam Airport on a moonless evening in dusty circumstances. The investigation attributed the crash to the captain experiencing an evening somatogravic phantasm, ensuing within the plane descending shortly after it grew to become airborne. 4 of the six crew members and twenty-one of the thirty-eight passengers on board have been killed; two individuals on the bottom have been additionally killed.[128]
  • On 18 Could 1959, a four-month-old Vickers Viscount with the registration AP-AJC was broken past financial restore in a touchdown accident at Islamabad Worldwide Airport. The plane ran off the runway right into a rainwater channel; there have been no fatalities.[129]
  • Three months after the primary Viscount crash, the airline misplaced one other on 14 August 1959. The Viscount (registered AP-AJE) crashed at Karachi Worldwide Airport throughout a pilot coaching flight, whereas trying an overshoot with two engines inoperative. Two of the three individuals on board have been killed.[130]
  • On 26 March 1965 a Douglas DC-Three registered AP-AAH crashed in mountainous terrain close to the Lowari Move on a home flight from Peshawar to Chitral, killing the 4 crew members and eighteen of the twenty-two passengers on board.[131]

The memorial pill on the crash web site in Cairo for individuals who died on PIA Flight 705 on 20 Could 1965
  • Eight weeks in a while 20 Could 1965, a Boeing 720 working as Flight 705 crashed whereas descending to land on Runway 34 at Cairo Worldwide Airport, leading to 121 fatalities.
  • On Eight October 1965 a Fokker F27 Friendship, with lower than 500 hours’ flying time because it was delivered new to the airline earlier within the yr, crashed whereas on a home cargo flight from Rawalpindi to Skardu. The plane (registered AP-ATT) hit a ridge close to the village of Patian and slid down its aspect, the stays coming to relaxation greater than 1,000 toes (300 m) under the affect level. The 4 crew members on board have been killed.[132]
  • On 2 February 1966 Flight 17, operated by a Sikorsky S-61 helicopter, crashed on a scheduled home flight in East Pakistan after the principle gearbox failed, killing 23 of the 24 passengers and crew on board.
  • On 6 August 1970, a Fokker F27 Friendship registered AP-ALM, working a home flight from Rawalpindi to Lahore, crashed at excessive velocity a couple of minutes after taking off from Lahore in stormy climate. All twenty-six passengers and 4 crew members on board have been killed.[133]
  • On Three December 1971, a French nationwide’s try and hijack a PIA flight (Boeing 720B) from Paris to Karachi was thwarted by French safety forces.[31]
  • On Eight December 1972, a Fokker F27 Friendship registered AP-AUS, working a home flight between Gilgit and Rawalpindi in wet climate as Flight 631, crashed in mountainous terrain. There have been no survivors among the many twenty-two passengers and 4 crew members on board.[134]
  • On 20 January 1978, a PIA Fokker F27 (registered AP-ALW) plane at Karachi with 22 passengers on board was hijacked by a gunman who requested to be flown to India. The then chairman of PIA, Air Marshal (Retd) Nur Khan boarded the plane to barter with the hijacker. He obtained a gunshot wound whereas attempting to disarm the hijacker however nonetheless managed to overpower him.[135][136]
  • On 26 November 1979 Flight 740 was a Boeing 707-320C that crashed after takeoff from Jeddah Worldwide Airport for a flight to Karachi, leading to 156 fatalities.
  • On 2 March 1981 Flight 326 was hijacked by three gunmen and flown to Kabul. For nearly two weeks, greater than 100 passengers have been held captive on the Boeing 720 till Pakistan launched 55 prisoners. One passenger, Pakistani diplomat Tariq Rahim, was murdered in the course of the ordeal.[137][better source needed]
  • On Four February 1986, a Boeing 747 registered as AP-AYW made a stomach touchdown at Islamabad Airport round 9:00 am. The plane was working Flight 300 from Karachi with 247 passengers and 17 crew members on board. Everybody survived this accident brought on by pilot error.[138][better source needed]
  • On 23 October 1986, a Fokker F27 plane crashed throughout method to Peshawar Airport. Of the 54 passengers and crew on board, 13 have been killed within the accident.[139]
  • On 25 August 1989, a Fokker F27 working as Flight 404 disappeared shortly after taking off from Gilgit Airport. All 54 passengers and crew on board are presumed killed.[140]
  • On 28 September 1992 Flight 268, an Airbus A300B4-200 registration AP-BCP, crashed on method to Kathmandu’s Tribhuvan Worldwide Airport. All 167 on board have been killed.
  • On 25 Could 1998 a Fokker F27 Friendship working as Flight 544 was hijacked. All passengers and crew escaped unharmed in the course of the incident.
  • On 1 March 2004, Pakistan Worldwide Airways Flight 2002, Airbus A300B4-203 registration AP-BBA, burst 2 tires while taking off from King Abdulaziz Worldwide Airport. Fragments of the tire have been ingested by the engines, this brought on the engines to catch fireplace and an aborted takeoff was carried out. Because of the fireplace substantial harm to the engine and the left wing brought on the plane to be written off. All 261 passengers and 12 crew survived.[141][142]
  • On 10 July 2006 Flight 688, a Fokker F27 working from Multan to Lahore after which to Islamabad, crashed in a area.[143] after bursting into flames a couple of minutes after takeoff[144] from Multan Worldwide Airport. All 41 passengers and Four crew members on board have been killed.
  • On 31 August 2012, ATR 42–500 registration AP-BHJ, working Flight 653 from Islamabad to Lahore, was touchdown at Allama Iqbal Worldwide Airport when it undershot the runway and got here to relaxation on a grassy space on the best aspect of Runway 36R. There have been no fatalities among the many 42 passengers and Four crew members. The plane was broken past restore and withdrawn from service.[145][better source needed]
  • On 11 February 2013, a Boeing 737 plane registered AP-BEH was working Flight 259 from Islamabad to Muscat through Sialkot when its port aspect essential touchdown gear collapsed throughout touchdown at Muscat Worldwide Airport. There have been no fatalities among the many 107 passengers and seven crew members on board the plane. The plane was broken past restore and withdrawn from service
  • On 24 June 2014 Airbus A310-300 registration AP-BGN was working Flight 756 from Riyadh to Peshawar with 178 passengers and 12 crew members on board when hit by gunfire throughout its touchdown method at Bacha Khan Worldwide Airport, Peshawar. The plane landed safely however one passenger was killed and two crew members have been injured. The plane was broken nevertheless it was later ferried to Karachi for restore.[146]
  • On 7 December 2016, Flight 661, operated by an ATR 42–500 plane registered AP-BHO, crashed in Havelian, Pakistan whereas en route from Chitral to Islamabad, killing all 47 on board.[147]
  • On 22 Could 2020, Flight 8303, operated by an Airbus A320, AP-BLD crashed whereas on remaining method to Jinnah Worldwide Airport, Karachi, arriving from Lahore. In keeping with CAA sources, PIA Airbus A320 from Lahore was about to land in Karachi when it crashed on the Jinnah Backyard space close to Mannequin Colony in Malir. CAA sources stated that its communication with the airplane had been reduce off one minute previous to the touchdown. 99 individuals have been on board, 2 passengers survived whereas 97 on board together with Eight crew members have been killed. Further fatalities on floor are unconfirmed.The Aviation Herald experiences the pilots had aborted the method to Karachi resulting from touchdown gear points and carried out a go-around. Making an attempt to make a second method, the crew requested to show left moments earlier than contact down, instantly reporting that they had misplaced each engines and declared Mayday. Quickly after, the plane misplaced peak and crashed into flames within the Mannequin Colony residential space at about 14:40 native time. A floor observer reported the plane out of the blue grew to become silent in its remaining seconds of flight.[148][149]

See additionally[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

Exterior hyperlinks[edit]

Media associated to Pakistan Worldwide Airways at Wikimedia Commons


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