Airline alliance primarily based in New York Metropolis

Oneworld
Oneworld logo.svg
Launch date February 1, 1999; 21 years in the past (1999-02-01)
Full members 13
Non-voting members 12 associates
Pending members 1 full, 1 affiliate
Vacation spot airports 1,012
Vacation spot nations 158
Annual passengers (M) 490[1]
Fleet measurement 3,296[1]
Headquarters New York, New York, USA
Administration Alan Joyce (Chairman)
Rob Gurney (CEO)
Alliance slogan Journey Vivid[2]
Web site oneworld.com

Oneworld (stylized as oneworld; CRS: *O) is an airline alliance based on February 1, 1999. The alliance’s said goal is to be the primary selection airline alliance for the world’s frequent worldwide vacationers. Its central alliance workplace is in New York, New York, United States. Its member airways are American Airways, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Finnair, Iberia, Japan Airways, Malaysia Airways, Qantas, Qatar Airways, Royal Air Maroc, Royal Jordanian, S7 Airways and SriLankan Airways, in addition to Fiji Airways as a join companion and a few 30 affiliated airways. As of October 2017, Oneworld is the third-largest world alliance by way of passengers with greater than 527.9 million passengers carried, behind SkyTeam (630M)[3] and Star Alliance (762M).[4]

As of October 2017, its member airways collectively function a fleet of three,447 plane, serve about 1,000 airports in additional than 158 nations, carrying 527.9 million passengers per 12 months on 12,738 each day departures, producing annual revenues of greater than US$130 billion.

Administration[edit]

Oneworld introduced formation of a central alliance group, the Oneworld Administration Firm (oMC), in February 2000, to mark the alliance’s first anniversary. The oMC was established Might 2000 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and in June 2011 relocated to New York Metropolis. It acts because the alliance’s central secretariat, with duty for driving future progress and the launch of latest buyer companies and advantages.

The oMC was first led by Managing Associate Peter Buecking, beforehand Director of Gross sales and Advertising and marketing at Cathay Pacific; adopted by John McCulloch, beforehand the alliance’s Vice-President for Advertising and marketing. Bruce Ashby, who beforehand held roles of CEO of Saudi Arabia’s SAMA Airways, CEO of India’s IndiGo, and Government Vice-President for US Airways, grew to become CEO in December 2011. Rob Gurney succeeded Ashby as CEO in October 2016.[5]

Reporting to the CEO are Vice-Presidents for Business; Membership and Buyer Expertise; and Company Communications, a Chief Monetary Officer and an IT Director.[6][7][8]

The CEO stories to the Oneworld Governing Board, which is made up of the chief executives of every of the member airways. The Governing Board meets recurrently to set strategic path and evaluation progress. Chairmanship of the board rotates among the many alliance members’ chief executives. Qantas CEO Alan Joyce has held the function since September 2018.[9]

Headquarters[edit]

In 2011, the alliance headquarters relocated from Vancouver, Canada, to Park Avenue in New York Metropolis, sharing premises with the native places of work of a variety of Oneworld member airways together with American Airways, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Finnair, Japan Airways, and Qantas.[10]

Membership historical past[edit]

New world alliance[edit]

Oneworld was unveiled by its founding members, American Airways, British Airways, Canadian Airways (which left the alliance a couple of years afterward merging with Air Canada), Cathay Pacific, and Qantas at a press convention in London, United Kingdom, on 21 September 1998. Oneworld was formally launched and have become operational on 1 February 1999.
The alliance outlined its companies and advantages as together with:

  • Smoother transfers for passengers touring throughout all member airways
  • Higher help to passengers no matter which member airline they’re touring with
  • Higher vary of round-the-world merchandise
  • Enhanced co‑operation within the member airways’ frequent-flyer packages to supply extra rewards
  • Wider recognition and entry to extra airport lounges.
  • Extra codeshare agreements and connecting flights between member airways

Forward of the official launch, the alliance launched into an in depth worker communications and coaching programme, involving just about the entire 220,000 employees employed by the five-member airways, to make sure they might ship what the alliance model promised. At its launch in 1999, Oneworld’s member airways and their associates served 648 locations in 139 nations and carried 181 million passengers with a fleet of 1,577 plane.[11][12][13]

First further members[edit]

Finnair grew to become Oneworld’s first recruit following the alliance’s basis.

Finnair, Finland’s largest airline and flag provider, was the alliance’s first new recruit on 9 December 1998.[14] The alliance welcomed Iberia, Spain’s flag provider, as its second recruit on 15 February 1999. Adopted by the reorganisation of the IAG group[15] Each airways, along with Iberia’s franchisee, Iberia Regional Air Nostrum, joined the alliance on 1 September 1999, including greater than 50 locations to the Oneworld community.[16]

On 19 Might 1999, LanChile (often called LAN and from 2016 as LATAM Chile) grew to become a member-elect, the alliance’s first consultant from Latin America. LanChile’s two subsidiaries- LAN Specific and LAN Perú, would additionally be part of the alliance.[17] Irish provider Aer Lingus was formally elected on board and confirmed because the ninth member of the alliance on 2 December 1999.[18] As LanChile and Aer Lingus joined on 1 June 2000, Canadian Airways left the alliance, following the airline’s buy by Air Canada, a member of the rival Star Alliance.[19]

Swiss Worldwide Air Strains (Swiss) accepted an invite to hitch Oneworld in September 2003, after signing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on 23 September 2003 to ascertain a wide-ranging industrial settlement with British Airways.[20][21] Nevertheless, Swiss later determined to not proceed with key parts of its settlement with British Airways and was due to this fact launched from its dedication to hitch Oneworld.[22][23] Swiss was later taken over by Lufthansa in 2005 and joined Star Alliance in 2006.[24][25][26][27]

2005–2006: The primary huge enlargement drive[edit]

The mid-2000s noticed Oneworld undertake one of many greatest expansions in its historical past. Hungarian flag provider Malév signed an MOU in Might 2005 as a precursor to a proper invitation to hitch, prolonged in November 2005.[28] On 17 October 2005, the alliance signed as a member-elect Royal Jordanian, the primary airline from the Center East to just accept an invite to hitch any world airline alliance.[29]

Japan Airways (JAL), then Asia’s largest airline group, utilized to hitch the alliance on 25 October 2005.[30] JAL and Oneworld exchanged an MOU on Eight February 2006, setting out a framework for the remaining steps to be taken earlier than the airline could possibly be formally invited to hitch. On 5 June 2006, JAL accepted a proper a call for participation to hitch the alliance, together with 5 members of the JAL Group as affiliate members, together with J‑Air, JAL Specific, JALways, Japan Asia Airways, and Japan Transocean Air.[31][32]

All three of those airline teams—Japan Airways, Malév, and Royal Jordanian—joined as full members and began providing the alliance’s full vary of companies and advantages on 1 April 2007, together with, as Oneworld affiliate members, Japan Airways’ subsidiaries J‑Air, JAL Specific, JALways, Japan Asia Airways and Japan Transocean Air, and LAN’s subsidiaries LAN Argentina and LAN Ecuador. They expanded the Oneworld community to virtually 700 airports in almost 150 nations served by 9,000 each day departures, carrying round 315 million passengers per 12 months with a fleet of just about 2,500 plane, with top-tier frequent flyers in a position to entry 400 airport lounges worldwide.[33]

On the identical day, Aer Lingus voluntarily exited the alliance as a result of a elementary change to its enterprise technique. The Irish provider was repositioning itself as a low fares point-to-point provider, whereas Oneworld’s focus was on the multisector, premium, frequent worldwide vacationers’ market. Though not a Oneworld member, Aer Lingus maintained frequent-flyer program partnerships with a few of the alliance members and continued to take part within the alliance’s World Explorer round-the-world fare product.[34][35]

Malév suspended all companies indefinitely in February 2012, citing monetary difficulties.[36] Its participation in Oneworld ended when the airline was wound up within the following weeks.

2009–2011: New recruits and enlargement[edit]

Air Berlin joined the alliance on 20 March 2012

On 26 Might 2009, Russian airline S7 Airways was unanimously elected to the alliance. It grew to become a full member on 15 November 2010, including to Oneworld one of the crucial in depth networks overlaying Russia and the Commonwealth of Impartial States (CIS). It expanded the Oneworld community to a different 54 cities, 35 of them in Russia. The airline’s subsidiary Globus Airways joined Oneworld similtaneously an affiliate member.[37]

On 10 November 2009, Oneworld welcomed Mexicana and its subsidiaries, MexicanaClick and MexicanaLink, after the airline accepted a proper invitation to hitch the alliance on 9 April 2008. Mexicana and its associates added 26 locations to the alliance map.[38] Mexicana was a former member of Star Alliance, leaving the group in March 2004 when it terminated its codeshare settlement with United Airways and opted for bilateral agreements with Oneworld members American Airways and Iberia.[39][40] On 2 August 2010, Mexicana filed for insolvency proceedings in Mexico and chapter safety in america with its monetary state of affairs deteriorating. The airline suspended all operations from 28 August 2010.[41][42] With the group below Mexican court docket safety, it has remained an inactive member of Oneworld since then.

On 23 February 2010, India’s Kingfisher Airways took its first step to becoming a member of Oneworld with its chairman Vijay Mallya and chief executives from the alliance’s current member airways signing a memorandum of understanding, topic to Indian regulatory approval. The airline gained approval to hitch the alliance from the India’s Ministry of Civil Aviation and began collaborating within the alliance’s World Explorer round-the-world fare product. Nevertheless, on Three February 2012, only a week earlier than it was as a result of be part of the alliance, Kingfisher Airways’ entry was placed on maintain to present it extra time to strengthen its monetary place.[43] Kingfisher Airways suspended operations on 20 October 2012 and eventually ceased operations in February 2013.[44]

On 26 July 2010, Air Berlin, at the moment Germany’s second-largest airline, accepted an invite to hitch Oneworld[45] and joined the alliance on 20 March 2012.[46]

On 6 June 2011, Malaysia Airways grew to become a brand new member designate on the sidelines of the IATA World Air Transport Summit in Singapore.[47][48] Malaysia Airways grew to become part of Oneworld on 1 February 2013.[49]

2012–current: The second huge enlargement[edit]

A Boeing 777-300ER of Qatar Airways in 2014 – the primary among the many “Massive Three” carriers within the Persian Gulf to signal for any world airline alliance.

On 11 June 2012, SriLankan Airways grew to become Oneworld’s newest member-elect, on the sidelines of the IATA World Air Transport Summit in Beijing. Cathay Pacific is serving SriLankan Airways as its sponsor by means of its alliance implementation programme.[50] Its membership implementation was anticipated to take round 18 months. On 1 Might 2014, SriLankan Airways grew to become a full-member of the alliance making it the primary airline within the Indian subcontinent to hitch any alliance.

On Eight October 2012, Qatar Airways grew to become a member-elect of Oneworld. Qatar Airways was one of many quickest rising airways worldwide—including 15 locations in 2012 alone—and one of the crucial extremely regarded, having been named Airline of the 12 months by the Skytrax unbiased airline high quality rankings company in each 2011 and 2012. The settlement to hitch was extensively reported within the media as a coup for Oneworld, with Qatar Airways the primary among the many “Massive Three” carriers within the Persian Gulf to signal for any world airline alliance.[51] The airline joined the alliance on 30 October 2013.

On 14 February 2013, American Airways started plans to merge with US Airways.[52] Following U.S. Federal Aviation Administration approval, the merger was accomplished on 9 December 2013. US Airways left Star Alliance on 30 March 2014, and joined Oneworld as an affiliate member the next day.[53]

On 7 March 2013, LATAM Airways Group selected Oneworld as its alliance and introduced that LAN subsidiary LAN Colombia plus TAM Airways and its subsidiary TAM Paraguay would be part of Oneworld.[54] LAN Colombia joined the alliance on 1 October 2013.

On 31 March 2014, TAM Airways and US Airways joined Oneworld after leaving Star Alliance on 30 March 2014.[55]

On 15 August 2017, Air Berlin filed for insolvency after Abu Dhabi-based Etihad Airways stopped funding the airline. Air Berlin subsequently left Oneworld upon coming into administration and ceasing operations on 28 October 2017.

On 1 June 2018, Oneworld launched Oneworld Join, a membership platform just like Star Alliance’s “Connecting Companions”, with Fiji Airways as the primary member efficient from 5 December onwards.[56][57][58]

On 5 December 2018, Oneworld introduced Royal Air Maroc as a member-elect, and the airline joined the alliance on 1 April 2020, extending the alliance’s community into Africa.[59][60]

On 26 September 2019, SkyTeam member Delta Air Strains introduced its plans to purchase 20% of LATAM for $1.9 billion. This acquisition successfully eliminated LATAM Airways Group from Oneworld on 1 Might 2020, however the destiny of Qatar Airways’ 10% stake in LATAM is at the moment unannounced.[61][62][63]

On Four November 2019, Oneworld members British Airways and Iberia’s proprietor Worldwide Airways Group is making a proposal to purchase Air Europa for $1.1 billion, and consolidating the airline below Iberia (IAG CEO Willie Walsh plans to retain the Air Europa model for a sure time period). If authorized by antitrust investigators, the buyout will result in Air Europa’s departure from SkyTeam, though it’s unknown if it would be part of Oneworld as Iberia affiliate or might be merged below the Iberia model.[64][65]

It was introduced on 13 February 2020 that Alaska Airways was a Oneworld member-elect, becoming a member of the alliance in Summer season 2021.[66]

Subsidiaries and franchises[edit]

Moreover its full member airways, Oneworld additionally contains round 30 “affiliate” members. These are usually regional airways which can be both owned by or have robust industrial hyperlinks with the alliance’s full members. For purchasers, they additional lengthen the community the alliance can supply. In governance phrases, these associates are represented in Oneworld affairs by their “dad or mum” airline.

Air Liberté ceased to be an affiliate member of Oneworld when the French airline was offered by British Airways to French funding group Taitbout with the UK provider explaining that it had been unable to obtain sufficient returns on its funding within the enterprise.[67]Kenya-based Regional Air joined the alliance on 1 July 2001, following its franchising settlement with British Airways.[68]British Airways terminated its franchise settlement with Regional Air when the African provider suspended flights in mid April 2005, ending its affiliate membership of Oneworld.[69]TWA’s regional carriers, which operated below the Trans World Specific model, grew to become Oneworld affiliate members, as their title modified to AmericanConnection on 2 December 2001, following TWA’s acquisition by American Airways. Three airways operated below the AmericanConnection model at the moment: Chautauqua Airways, Company Airways, and Trans States Airways.[70]

The alliance additional strengthened its community in Latin America when LAN’s two subsidiaries, LAN Argentina and LAN Ecuador, grew to become the alliance’s latest affiliate members. LAN Argentina launched passenger and cargo companies in June 2005 from its residence base in Buenos Aires, whereas LAN Ecuador launched its companies in April 2003 from its residence base in Guayaquil. Each airways formally joined their sister airways and supply alliance’s companies and advantages on 1 April 2007.[71][72]

Conversely, on 5 March 2007, the alliance ended its relationship with affiliate member and British Airways subsidiary, BA Join. BA Join’s UK regional operations had been offered to Flybe on Three November 2006, in return for a 15% stake within the latter. Roughly 50 UK regional routes are affected by the sale; nonetheless, Belfast and Southampton would stay linked to the alliance community by means of different British Airways and alliance members. BA Join’s operations from London Metropolis Airport and between Manchester and New York had been retained and operated by one other British Airways subsidiary, BA CityFlyer, and the airline itself, respectively.[73][74]

The alliance ended its relationship with affiliate member and British Airways franchisee BMED on 27 October 2007, following the acquisition of the airline by considered one of British Airways’ UK rivals, BMI.[75][76] 4 days later, Oneworld welcomed its newest affiliate member and Cathay Pacific wholly owned subsidiary Dragonair to the alliance on 1 November 2007. Dragonair had the most important community into mainland China for a non-mainland primarily based provider, with about 400 departures per week.[77]

In 2008, the alliance misplaced one other two affiliate members as British Airways continued the technique of lowering its UK franchises. The primary franchisee, GB Airways, exited the alliance on 30 March 2008, following its buy by EasyJet. British Airways meant to begin companies from London Heathrow to Faro, Portugal, and Málaga, Spain, and from London Gatwick to Faro, Gibraltar, Ibiza, Málaga, Palma, and Tunis, which had been operated below the franchise.[78][79] The alliance bid farewell to considered one of its affiliate member Japan Asia Airways on 31 March 2008, following the airline’s consolidation into its dad or mum, Japan Airways.[80] The second British Airways franchisee, Loganair, left the alliance on 25 October 2008, following the ending of its franchise settlement with the airline. A separate settlement for codesharing on some Loganair companies changed the earlier franchise, for British Airways passengers connecting by means of Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Glasgow.[79][81]

Tenth anniversary[edit]

A round blue orb with the text

Oneworld 10th Anniversary emblem
An American Airlines Boeing 777-200ER in new standard Oneworld livery

In February 2009, Oneworld celebrated its tenth anniversary with its ten member airways—American Airways, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Finnair, Iberia Airways, Japan Airways, LAN, Malév, Qantas, and Royal Jordanian. Prior to now decade, membership has doubled from an preliminary 5 members to 10 members now; its member airways carried a complete of two.5 billion passengers and generated virtually $500 billion, €450 million in income from passenger actions. Alliance fares and gross sales merchandise generated $5 billion, €2.5 billion in income alone, with two-thirds or virtually $3 billion, €1.5 billion wouldn’t have been generated if the alliance didn’t exist.[82][83] As a part of the celebration and to extend consciousness of the 10‑member alliance, all of the alliance member airways adorned a proportion of their plane fleets in a brand new normal Oneworld livery—round 40 plane in complete, primarily sorts that fly on worldwide routes. The alliance additionally unveiled a particular model of its emblem, that includes the textual content “10 years” printed behind the phrase Oneworld as a watermark on its spherical blue orb.

Member airways[edit]

Full members and their associates[edit]

A Founding member.[11]
B American Eagle flights are operated by Envoy Air, Mesa Airways, Piedmont Airways, PSA Airways, Republic Airways and SkyWest Airways.
C Independently operated franchise carriers utilizing the British Airways title, livery and flight code.
D Solely on routes operated by Nordic Regional Airways on behalf of Finnair.
E Iberia Regional flights are operated by Air Nostrum.
F QantasLink makes use of the companies of Cobham Aviation Providers, Community Aviation, Jap Australia Airways and Sunstate Airways.

Join companions and their associates[edit]

Future members and their associates[edit]

Former members and member associates[edit]

Former member associates of present member airways[edit]

A Founding member affiliate

B AmericanConnection flights had been operated by Chautauqua Airways, Trans States Airways and RegionsAir

C Merged with American Airways on 17 October 2015

D US Airways Specific flights had been operated by Air Wisconsin, Mesa Airways, Piedmont Airways, PSA Airways, Republic Airways and SkyWest Airways

E Merged with SriLankan Airways on 31 October 2016

F Merged with Cathay Pacific on 21 October 2020

Advantages and companies[edit]

Member hubs[edit]

Co-location[edit]

Co-location gives alliance clients with smoother transfers between member airways; and higher amenities than any of the member airways may justify on their very own. The alliance has mixed ticket places of work, check-in amenities and lounges at some 50 airports worldwide.[7]

Customer support initiatives[edit]

Interline digital ticket[edit]

On 21 April 2005, Oneworld grew to become the primary airline alliance to allow its clients to fly all through its members’ community on digital tickets (e-tickets) solely, with the completion of interline e-ticketing (IET) hyperlinks between all its member airways.[126]

Awards and recognitions[edit]

[edit]

All alliance members’ plane bear a small Oneworld emblem, 30 centimetres (12 in) in diameter, on the correct of the primary set of entry doorways behind the cockpit.[134]

A Japan Airlines Boeing 777-300 painted in special Oneworld livery, taxiing at New Chitose Airport

Japan Airways – 2007 particular Oneworld livery[edit]

In 2007, Japan Airways (JAL) painted two of its Boeing 777 plane, a Boeing 777-200ER (JA704J) and a Boeing 777-300 (JA8941), in a particular Oneworld livery to mark its entrance into the alliance. The primary plane (JA704J) took off from the airline’s foremost worldwide hub Tokyo Narita Worldwide Airport as Japan Airways Flight 441 certain for Moscow on 16 April 2007. The design featured “an enormous globe within the distinctive horizon blue of Oneworld, painted on the centre of the plane, with a stylised motif to symbolise the comfort, consolation, worth and selection obtainable to passengers all through the alliance’s complete world community”.[135]

Commonplace Oneworld livery[edit]

The brand new (elective) normal Oneworld livery was launched as a part of the alliance’s tenth anniversary celebration in February 2009. It options the alliance title in massive letters which can be virtually 2 metres (6.6 ft) tall and the alliance emblem alongside the aspect of their fuselage, in opposition to a white or a cultured steel background. The title of the working member airline might be positioned in smaller lettering in a regular place on the entrance of the plane under the alliance title and emblem. Every member airline may even retain its common tailfin design.[82]

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Exterior hyperlinks[edit]

Media associated to Oneworld at Wikimedia Commons


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