Motor Coach Industries (MCI) is a multinational bus producer, specializing in manufacturing of motorcoaches. Greatest identified for coaches produced for intercity transit and commuter buses, MCI produces coaches for a wide range of purposes, starting from tour buses to jail buses.

Presently, MCI is headquartered in Des Plaines, Illinois. Since 2015, it has been a subsidiary of Canadian bus producer New Flyer (a part of the NFI Group).

Historical past[edit]

The corporate was included in 1933 as Fort Garry Motor Physique and Paint Works Restricted, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada by Harry Zoltok.[1] In 1948, Greyhound Traces of Canada, at the moment MCI’s main buyer, grew to become a majority shareholder when it bought 65% of the corporate. MCI was bought outright by Greyhound Traces in 1958. In 1963 a brand new plant was opened in Pembina, North Dakota to extend capability as MCI started to increase into the U.S. market, whereas Greyhound widened its operations and switched more and more from GMC to its personal in-house merchandise. In 1974 one other plant was opened in Roswell, New Mexico beneath the title Transportation Manufacturing Company (TMC).[citation needed]

In December 1986, Greyhound was break up, with Greyhound Traces being offered to an investor group, and Greyhound Traces of Canada, MCI and TMC remaining a part of The Greyhound Company, which was renamed Dial, Inc. in 1991.

In 1987, Greyhound Company purchased the transit bus manufacturing operations of Normal Motors Diesel Division (GMC), which was primarily based in Canada. (GM phased out intercity and transit bus development on the massive GMC Coach and Truck plant in Pontiac, Michigan, shifting medium obligation faculty bus chassis manufacturing to Janesville, Wisconsin.)[citation needed]

MCI additionally took over manufacturing of GM’s RTS mannequin, transferring manufacturing to TMC. MCI additionally bought the GM bus meeting plant in Saint-Eustache, Quebec, which then produced GM’s Canadian transit bus mannequin, the Traditional. TMC ceased manufacturing of the older MCI automobiles in 1990 to focus on manufacturing the RTS, and on the “A-Mannequin” intercity coaches.[citation needed]

In 1993 MCI grew to become an impartial company, Motor Coach Industries Worldwide Inc.[citation needed]

1994 acquisition[edit]

In 1994, MCI shares had been bought by Mexican DINA S.A.,[2][3] which had a protracted historical past of bus constructing and developed their HTQ proprietary know-how[4][5][6] (valued in a complete of 70 million {dollars})[7] that culminated with the creation of the Viaggio Confort Bus Line. Over the course of the following years MCI reproduced its Viaggio 1000 DOT on the market to the united statesand Canada. In late 1999/2000 the G4100, G4500 and F3500 fashions had been launched to the U.S. and Canadian markets. Manufacturing of the G4500 later moved to Winnipeg, after the G4100 had been discontinued. Poor reliability of the G4500 resulted in very low gross sales after Greyhound Traces filed a lawsuit towards MCI over the varied points involving the bus. Greyhound took supply of only a few Winnipeg-built G4500s; these had been later retired and offered. Associated to a serious contract cancellation[8] by Western Star,[9] DINA S.A. offered an excellent portion of its beforehand acquired MCI shares to Joseph Littlejohn & Levy.[10]

In 1994 TMC, together with manufacturing rights for the RTS, was offered to NovaBus. In 1997 MCI bought the rights from the bankrupt Flxible to supply the Flxible Metro and all associated elements for similar. After a interval of waning product demand, elevated competitors and lay-offs within the early 2000s, manufacturing at MCI crops in Winnipeg and Pembina elevated in 2006, and 130 workers had been added.

In the course of the late 1990s and early 2000s, MCI consolidated its operations, the Winnipeg web site was expanded and modernized. DINA S.A. bought North American Symix[11] and opened an meeting plant[7] in Buenos Aires, Argentina[12] and the DIMEX[13] and DINAIR corporations.[14] A brand new coach ending and paint facility and buyer supply centre had been constructed on the positioning. On the similar time, a seven-year contract was attained with the IAMAW union native. This settlement contained value enhancements and manufacturing operations flexibility to enhance the productiveness and competitiveness of the manufacturing and meeting operations.

The buses, particularly the older MC-Eight and workhorse MC-9 fashions of the 1980s, grew to become the usual for interstate journey for a lot of bus corporations. These explicit buses featured steel frames and roof helps, steel panels on the perimeters and had been extraordinarily sturdy and dependable. Lots of the buses, having survived thousands and thousands of miles of economic use, have been given a second profession serving church buildings or different organizations, whereas the MCI/TMC coaches are highly regarded “conversion shells”, used for motorhomes.

Presently, the “J” and “D” fashions are the main coaches within the North American intercity coach market.

2008 chapter[edit]

Motor Coach Industries Inc. introduced on September 15, 2008, the corporate had filed for Chapter 11 chapter safety as a part of a restructuring the corporate mentioned would “assist shed a whole lot of thousands and thousands of {dollars} of debt”.[15]

On April 17, 2009, Motor Coach Industries Inc. emerged from its voluntary Chapter 11 reorganization. MCII and its subsidiaries grew to become wholly owned by KPS Capital Companions, LP. KPS Capital Companions, LP is the Supervisor of the KPS Particular Conditions Funds, a household of personal fairness restricted partnerships with over $2.6 billion of dedicated capital centered on constructive investing in restructurings, turnarounds, and different particular conditions.[16][17]

Partnership with Daimler AG[edit]

Motor Coach Industries introduced on April 25, 2012 that it had reached a take care of German automobile producer Daimler AG to distribute its Setra model of motorcoaches for the North American market. The settlement got here as Daimler reconfigured its industrial bus operations in North America, additionally promoting off its Orion model of transit buses to New Flyer Industries.

Underneath the settlement, Setra would construct its S407 and S417 motorcoaches in Germany and ship them to North America, the place MCI would promote and repair the coaches utilizing its current seller community. In change, Daimler would buy a 10% share in Motor Coach Industries.

The connection between rivals was lower than superb. Daimler complained that MCI centered by itself motorcoaches, and didn’t permit for adequate consideration to the Setra model.[18]

The deal got here to an finish on January 4, 2018, with Daimler signing a brand new distribution rights settlement with REV Group, a US-based specialty automobile producer. Gross sales of recent motorcoaches transferred instantly, adopted by the service settlement in mid-2018.[19]

2015 acquisition[edit]

On November 10, 2015, it was introduced that Canadian bus producer New Flyer Industries has an settlement to accumulate Motor Coach Industries, Inc. for C$604 million (roughly USD 459 million), and the deal closed in December 2015.[20]

Working subsidiaries[edit]

  • Motor Coach Industries, Ltd. – Canadian manufacturing facility, situated in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
  • Motor Coach Industries, Inc. – U.S. manufacturing facility, situated in Pembina, North Dakota.
  • MCI Gross sales and Service, Inc. – U.S. new and pre-owned coach gross sales division.
  • MCI Service Elements – aftermarket elements gross sales division of the corporate, primarily based in Des Plaines, Illinois, with its distribution middle situated in Louisville, Kentucky, with shut entry to the worldwide UPS distribution middle.
  • MCI Monetary Providers – coach financing division, primarily based in Dallas, Texas.

After the unique numbered Courier and MC fashions, MCI adopted letters for the totally different sequence of coaches. Two totally different schemes have been used:

1985–2001
Width Sequence Possibility Axles Physique
96 = 96 inches (2.4 m)
102 = 102 inches (2.6 m)
A W = wheelchair lift-equipped 2
3
none = aluminum
B none = aluminum
SS = chrome steel
C
D L = 45 ft 7 in (13.89 m) size
W = wheelchair lift-equipped
E L = 45 ft 7 in (13.89 m) size none = aluminum
Instance: 102-DL3SS
2001–current
Sequence Size Model Choices (D sequence solely)
D
E
F
G
J
35 = 35 ft 5.5 in (10.81 m)
40 = 40 ft 6 in (12.34 m)
41 = 41 ft 7 in (12.67 m)
45 = 45 ft 7 inches (13.89 m)
00 = 1st
05 = 2nd
CL = “basic” styling
CT = “up to date” styling (diesel)
CTH = “up to date” styling (hybrid-electric) (solely D4500CTH)
CT CNG = “up to date” styling (CNG)
ISTV = inmate safety transportation automobile
N = 96-inch (2.4 m) slender physique
CRT LE = redesigned D sequence
e or CRTe LE = electrical (solely D45 CRTe LE and J4500e)
Instance: D4500CTH

Present[edit]

Motor Coach Industries at the moment produces three totally different product traces. All present fashions are 102 inches (2.59 m) extensive, unique of mirrors.

Sequence Fashions Size Picture Notes
D
    • D4005
    • D4000CL
    • D4000CT
    • D4000CTH
    • D4000ISTV
40 ft LADOT Commuter Express MCI D4000CT 12408.jpg
  • Restyled with frameless home windows and G sequence headlights, designated “CT” (up to date) styling: D4000CT and D4500CT respectively.
  • Fashions with the unique sq. headlights and framed home windows had been designated “CL” (basic): D4000CL and D4500CL.
  • CT model additionally obtainable with hybrid electrical (“CTH”) or CNG (“CT CNG”) powertrain.
  • Rubber entrance bumper and framed home windows are non-obligatory on CT model.
  • Rubber entrance bumper is normal on ISTV items.
  • D4505
    • D4500CL
    • D4500CT
    • D4500CTH
    • D45 CRT LE
    • D45 CRTe LE
45 ft MCI D4500 commuter coach demonstration bus 59654.jpg
J 35 ft
45 ft Pine Hill Trailways 72932.JPG
  • Launched in 2001.
  • One top-mounted middle cease gentle.

Previous[edit]

Letter sequence (post-1985)[edit]

MC sequence (1958–1998)[edit]

These fashions bore the MC-quantity designation.

Courier sequence (pre-1960)[edit]

Mannequin Size Picture Picture Launched Discontinued Notes
Courier 200B 1948 1950
Courier 200A 1948 1949
Courier 200 1947 1948
Courier 100C 1948 1950
Courier 100B 1948 1949
Courier 100A 1947 1948
Courier 100 1946 1947
Courier 97 1955 1957 Just one in-built December as Western Canada Greyhound Traces quantity W960.
Courier 96 1955 1960
Courier 95D 1953 1960 Diesel.
Courier 95
Courier 95 Skyview
Old Bus (3658175083).jpg 1953 1960
Courier 90
Courier 90 Skyview
1953 1960
Courier 85X 1951 1953
Courier 85A 1951 1952
Courier 85 1950 1952
Courier 50 Courier 50A 1950 1955

Transit (all discontinued)[edit]

See additionally[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historical past of Motor Coach Industries. Mcicoach.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  2. ^ Firm Information; Boards Approve Grupo Dina-Motor Coach Merger. The New York Instances (Might 19, 1994). Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  3. ^ HighBeam[dead link]
  4. ^ Trade Immediately – The World of Manufacturing Archived July 17, 2011, on the Wayback Machine. Usitoday.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  5. ^ Grupo Dina Unveils Its HTQ Sequence. Theautochannel.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  6. ^ Grupo Dina Unveils Its HTQ Sequence Launching a New Period in International Truck Expertise | Enterprise Wire. Discover Articles (September 24, 1998). Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  7. ^ a b Historical past Archived Might 13, 2011, on the Wayback Machine. Dina.com.mx. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  8. ^ INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS; Mexican Truck Maker Might Lose Order. The New York Instances (September 28, 2000). Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  9. ^ Union Postpones Strike at Grupo Dina Plant. Theautochannel.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  10. ^ COMPANY NEWS; GRUPO DINA PLANS TO SELL 61% STAKE IN MOTOR COACH UNIT. The New York Instances (June 16, 1999). Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  11. ^ MARKET-LEADING MOTOR COACH & TRUCK MANUFACTURER EXPANDS SYMIX SOFTWARE ACROSS 11-SITE OPERATION. – Free On-line Library. Thefreelibrary.com (October 19, 1998). Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  12. ^ Presentó Grupo Dina sus Camiones HTQ en Argentina Archived Might 14, 2011, on the Wayback Machine. Truckinginfo.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  13. ^ “Quill Coupons: Get $25 off w/Might 2018 Promo Codes”. Discover Coupon Code, Low cost Code and Promo Code. Archived from the unique on February 2, 2011. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
  14. ^ DINA S.A. Maquinas de Compresion de Gases. Compresoresdina.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  15. ^ MacPherson, James. Motor Coach information for chapter safety[permanent dead link], Grand Forks Herald, September 15, 2008. Accessed September 17, 2008.
  16. ^ Motor Coach Industries Emerges from Chapter 11 Archived February 29, 2012, on the Wayback Machine. Pr-inside.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  17. ^ KPS Capital Companions, LP. Kpsfund.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  18. ^ “MCI to stop distributing Daimler’s Setra coaches”. www.metro-magazine.com. January 4, 2018. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  19. ^ “MCI To Stop Distributing Daimler’s Setra Coaches”. mcicoach.com. Archived from the unique on March 10, 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  20. ^ “New Flyer buys Motor Coach Industries for $604M Cdn”. www.cbc.ca. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
  21. ^ a b “MCI Fashions A-J Nationwide Bus Dealer” (PDF). Archived from the unique (PDF) on October 6, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  22. ^ Plachno, Larry (March 1981). “MCI MC-6: The bus that needed to be Scenicruiser”. Nationwide Bus Dealer. Nationwide Bus Dealer, Inc.: 12–31.
  23. ^ a b “MCI Celebrates 80 Years of Bus Manufacturing – Nationwide Bus Dealer”. busmag.com. Retrieved October 15, 2018.

Exterior hyperlinks[edit]


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