Airline in Antigua and Barbuda

LIAT (1974) Ltd, previously often called Leeward Islands Air Transport Providers and working as LIAT, is a regional airline headquartered in Antigua and Barbuda that operated high-frequency inter-island scheduled companies to 15[2] locations within the Caribbean. The airline’s most important base was V.C. Hen Worldwide Airport, Antigua and Barbuda, with a secondary base at Grantley Adams Worldwide Airport, Barbados.[3]

On 27 June 2020, the Antiguan prime minister Gaston Browne introduced that LIAT can be liquidated following elevated debt and the financial impression of the COVID-19 pandemic. The airline might be reformed into a brand new entity Liat (2020) which can proceed to offer connections between the Caribbean islands.[4]

On 24 July 2020, the Authorities of Antigua and Barbuda secured an order for administration for LIAT and named Cleveland Seaforth of BDO as administrator of the corporate. Seaforth was given a 120-day deadline to plot a restructuring plan and current it to the Japanese Caribbean Supreme Court docket.[5]

Historical past[edit]

Leeward Islands Air Transport Providers was based by the late Kittician (now Sir) Frank Delisle in Montserrat on 20 October 1956 and commenced flying with a single Piper Apache working between Antigua and Montserrat. With the acquisition in 1957 of 75 % of the airline by the bigger, higher recognized BWIA, LIAT was capable of broaden to different Caribbean locations and to acquire new plane varieties, such because the Beechcraft Bonanza and de Havilland Heron. Hawker Siddeley HS 748s got here in 1965, because of the airline’s resolution to part out the Herons. In 1968, LIAT was working some flights through an settlement with Japanese Air Strains to offer passenger feed at this U.S. based mostly air service’s hub positioned in San Juan, Puerto Rico and was flying “Japanese Accomplice” service between San Juan and Antigua, St. Kitts and St. Maarten.[6]

LIAT was not at all times an all propeller plane airline. After Court docket Line[7] obtained 75 % of the airline in 1971, LIAT entered the jet age, utilizing stretched British Plane Company BAC One-Eleven collection 500 twin jets for his or her longer Caribbean routes. Smaller Britten-Norman Islander STOL (quick take-off and touchdown) twin prop plane have been used throughout this time as effectively. LIAT operated the stretched model of the British-manufactured BAC One-Eleven, being the collection 500 mannequin, which was akin to McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 being flown in the course of the late 1960s and early 1970s by a competing airline, Puerto Rico-based Caribair (Puerto Rico). The BAC One-Eleven jets have been provided to LIAT by U.Ok. based mostly Court docket Line.

Court docket Line went bankrupt in August 1974,[7] and the BAC One-Elevens have been faraway from the LIAT fleet. In an effort to preserve the airline flying, the governments of 11 Caribbean nations stepped in and bought the airline. The jets have been changed with a collection of smaller varieties, such because the de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter STOL (quick take-off and touchdown) turboprop.

LIAT’s Sprint 8–100 in pre-merger livery at Piarco Worldwide Airport (2001)

The 1980s have been a decade of development for the airline. By 1986, many day by day flights have been operated to Luis Muñoz Marín Worldwide Airport in San Juan, Puerto Rico, in addition to different areas that the airline had by no means flown to. Sooner de Havilland Canada DHC-8-100 Sprint Eight turboprops have been acquired with a view to cut back flight occasions systemwide.

In November 1995, LIAT was partially privatized, to put it aside from chapter as soon as once more. LIAT additionally started working the bigger 50-seater de Havilland Canada DHC-8–300 Sprint Eight turboprop.

In June 2013, LIAT acquired its first ATR 72 collection 600 plane (registration V2-LIA). The airline accomplished its transition from the Sprint Eight fleet to an all ATR fleet in 2016.

In January 2007 the airline introduced an meant merger with Caribbean Star Airways, and so they entered right into a industrial alliance, involving the flying of a mixed schedule. All flights have been marketed as LIAT, though the airways continued to function individually utilizing their very own air operators’ certificates, till after completion of the merger. The merged airline was planning to make use of the LIAT model with a merged fleet which is standardised on the Bombardier Sprint Eight Q300.[3]
Nonetheless, in June 2007, the shareholder governments of Barbados, Antigua, and St. Vincent gave the go-ahead to the Board of Administrators to purchase out the property of Caribbean Star as an alternative. LIAT bought Caribbean Star Airways on the 24 October 2007 and 5 of the Caribbean Star’s DHC-Eight plane have been then transferred to LIAT. As one other results of the merger, LIAT modified its slogan to “LIAT, Star of the Caribbean”, which was used because the slogan for a short while, and was then modified again to “The Caribbean Airline”.

On 27 June 2020, the Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda introduced that LIAT can be liquidated following a collection of unsuccessful months as a result of COVID-19. The airline might be shaped into a brand new entity that can present important connections between the Caribbean islands.[4]


The airline is owned by seven Caribbean governments, with three being the foremost shareholders: Barbados, Antigua & Barbuda and St. Vincent and the Grenadines together with Dominica (94.7%); different Caribbean governments, personal shareholders and staff (5.3%). It has 667 staff (at December 2018). The federal government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, which is also the only real shareholder of one other regional service, Caribbean Airways, the nationwide airline of Trinidad and Tobago, was additionally provided the choice to be one other shareholder in LIAT, however the authorities of Prime Minister Patrick Manning rejected the supply.

Company affairs[edit]

The airline is headquartered in Antigua. The Engineering and Flight Operations Division are positioned on the V. C. Hen Worldwide Airport in Saint George Parish, Antigua. The Company Headquarters which incorporates the decision centre and buyer relations departments are positioned on the Sealy Constructing on Sir George Walter Freeway. The industrial division is positioned in St. Michael, Barbados.[8]

CEO changeover[edit]

On Wednesday, March 26, 2014 the Caribbean Media Company (CMC) reported that British aviation govt, David Evans, was chosen by the board of administrators to develop into LIAT’s subsequent chief govt.[9] Caribbean Media Company (CMC) late Wednesday. On April 22, 2014, Evans was appointed as CEO of LIAT.[10]

Evans’ appointment comes weeks after the shareholders mandated Chairman Jean Holder to review the way forward for the airline for 100 days,[11] and shareholder Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves had boasted that greater than 200 folks had utilized for the place.[12]

Evans sadly resigned on April 13, 2016, amidst a heated assembly with the board of administrators, leaving LIAT but once more with no CEO.

In August 2017, Mrs. Julie Reifer-Jones was appointed CEO of the corporate. She is the primary feminine CEO of the airline and at the moment the one feminine CEO of an airline within the Caribbean.[13]

On 31 July 2020, Mrs. Reifer-Jones left LIAT. She introduced her departure in a letter to staff.[14]

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Till 2008, LIAT’s companies to Anguilla, Antigua, Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Kitts, Nevis, Montserrat, and St. Vincent have been codeshared with Carib Aviation, which additionally used Antigua and Barbuda as its hub. The settlement was canceled as a result of Carib Aviation’s discontinuation of all flights efficient September 30, 2008.[15]

LIAT in 2018 introduced that it might be a part of the Caribsky Alliance with Air Antilles and WINAIR. The alliance would make it simpler for journey by having codeshare agreements between the three carriers.[16]

Cargo companies[edit]

LIAT additionally offered cargo companies, with its service referred to as Quikpak. This service offered Airport-to-Airport & Door-to-Door, customs cleared supply service all through the Caribbean. The supply time was sometimes inside one or two days, and it was assured by the LIAT workers.[17]

LIAT would additionally start all-cargo companies with a Sprint 8–100, which was to be transformed from a passenger plane to a full-fledged cargo plane. As soon as the brand new cargo service got here on stream, prospects for the primary time would be capable to guide cargo on-line on the corporate’s website online. There was appreciable curiosity by regional producers, agricultural exporters and different merchants within the start-up of the service.

The introduction of its new cargo service was deliberate for later in 2011.[18]


Early in 2013 the airline introduced plans to amass two solely new sorts of turboprop plane, the 48-seat ATR 42 collection 600 and 68-seat ATR 72 collection 600[19][20]
to switch its ageing fleet of Sprint 8’s, each bought instantly by the airline, and bought throughout their merger with Caribbean Star. The introduction of those new propjets will mark the primary time that LIAT has operated ATR plane. LIAT started accepting deliveries in mid-2013. Later in 2013 then CEO, Capt. Ian Brunton apologised for what he described as a ‘meltdown’ round a re-fleeting train, with LIAT altering plane from Sprint-Eight varieties to ATR 42 and ATR 72 varieties. The troubles, which stranded 1000’s of passengers throughout LIAT’s 1,300 miles of community, began in early August and continued for some two months whereas LIAT struggled with crewing each varieties and deliveries of the brand new plane. To compound the issues, an engine of one of many new plane took every week to get replaced, and one of many new plane was chartered to the Prime Minister of Taiwan in the midst of the debacle. The CEO blamed the quite a few flight delays and cancellations on “unscheduled upkeep, crew shortages, dangerous climate, airport limitations, acquiring licences for working our new ATR plane, Tropical Storm Chantal, sturdy floor winds, unfavourable climate situations, airport limitations, and runway lights”. Capt. Brunton resigned in late September, together with his departure on October 1, 2013.[21][22]


LIAT offered service within the Japanese Caribbean area from Puerto Rico within the north to Georgetown, Guyana within the south, linking the chain of islands in between.[23]

Airline companions[edit]

Along with the above airways, LIAT as soon as had interline agreements with:

The airline had former codeshare agreements with:

LIAT ATR 42 at Guadeloupe

LIAT’s Sprint 8–300 at Grantley Adams Worldwide Airport

As of August 2019, the LIAT fleet consists of the next plane:[25][26]

Beforehand operated[edit]

LIAT beforehand used DHC-6 Twin Otters

The LIAT retired fleet consists of the next plane:

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On August 23, 1959, a LIAT de Havilland DH-114 Heron 2B crashed on touchdown in St. Kitts. The plane was en route between St. Johns, Antigua and St. Kitts. After touchdown, it overran the runway and was broken past restore. Nobody was significantly injured and there have been no fatalities.[31]
  • LIAT Flight 319: On August 4, 1986, a LIAT de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter crashed into the Caribbean Sea. The plane was en route between St. Lucia and St. Vincent when it crashed as a result of poor climate situations, whereas on method. After a full day’s search didn’t discover a hint of the Twin Otter, the entire 11 passengers and two crew have been presumed lifeless.[32]
  • On December 2, 2010, LIAT flight LI362, a Bombardier Sprint 8-Q300 (DHC-8-300) carrying 24 passengers, en path to San Juan, Puerto Rico, made an emergency touchdown on the V.C. Hen Worldwide Airport in Antigua after dropping a wheel from one of many most important touchdown gear. As a precautionary measure, emergency companies have been positioned on standby. The plane landed safely with no main harm or any accidents to the passengers or crew.[33]
  • On August 25, 2013, LIAT flight LI774, a Bombardier Sprint 8-Q300 (DHC-8-300) carrying 43 passengers, en route from Guyana to Barbados made an emergency touchdown on the Grantley Adams Worldwide Airport in Barbados after dropping a wheel from one of many most important touchdown gear on takeoff from Guyana. The plane landed safely with no main harm or any accidents to the passengers or crew.[34]


LIAT has a blended repute amongst each locals and guests to and from the Caribbean Islands.[35][36][37] Their flights typically function irregularly, with inconsistent arrival and departure. (One nickname was “Depart Island Any Time”.) Baggage is commonly misdirected or not loaded solely. (One other nickname was “Baggage In One other City”.) They’re recognized for having very poor customer support, late departures, flights cancellation and their workers are criticised as surly and unhelpful.[38] These issues have been exacerbated with the 2010 strikes and once more in the course of the labor disputes in 2013 and 2017[39] – with many flights canceled and passengers stranded and unable to obtain refunds. The administration and head operators of the airline makes it clear that they don’t seem to be liable for any flight cancellations or stranded passengers.[40][41][42][43]

In July 2013, the airline acquired a grievance from a passenger, which went viral on the web and precipitated a response by Virgin Group President Richard Branson.[44][45]

The airline has enormously improved in on-time efficiency over time. Following the refleeting to the ATR, the airline concentrated efforts in enhancing its On-Time Efficiency. In Might 2018, the airline was ranked first in on-time arrivals in Latin America and the Caribbean for Regional airways.[46]

In widespread tradition[edit]

  • Scenes of the airline are featured in season eight of the tv programme Banged Up Overseas.[47]


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  6. ^ Jan. 31, 1968 Japanese Accomplice route map
  7. ^ a b “1974 – 1210 – Flight Archive”. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
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  13. ^
  14. ^ “LIAT CEO resigns”. Antigua Observer Newspaper. 2020-08-01. Retrieved 2020-08-06.
  15. ^ Carib Aviation suspends all operations, leaving LIAT within the mud Archived 2008-09-28 on the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ “Three regional carriers type CaribSky alliance: Journey Weekly”. Retrieved 2020-08-06.
  17. ^ “LIAT Quickpack/Cargo”. Archived from the unique on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  18. ^ “New date being set for begin of LIAT cargo service – Liat Airline”. Archived from the unique on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
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  20. ^ (press releases)
  21. ^ Nation Information creator. “LIAT apologizes for delays, cancellations”. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  22. ^ “• CRANe – Caribbean Regional Aviation Community :: Welcome!! •”. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  23. ^ “LIAT Locations map”. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
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  25. ^ “World Airline Information 2019 (Half One)”. Airliner World: 4. October 2019.
  26. ^ “LIAT Fleet Particulars and Historical past”. Planespotters.web. 31 August 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  27. ^ C-GEOA of liat The Caribbean Airline at Downsview.
  28. ^ V2-LCJ of liat, at Saint Croix – TISX, Virgin Islands.
  29. ^ V2-LDT of liat at Calgary – CYYC, Alberta.
  30. ^ V2-LCO of liat.
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  32. ^ Harro Ranter (Four August 1986). “ASN Plane accident de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 310 V2-LCJ Saint Vincent-Arnos Vale Airport (SVD)”. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  33. ^ Nation Information creator. “Emergency touchdown for LIAT aircraft”. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  34. ^ “LIAT lands safely in Barbados following most important wheel failure”. Caribbean360. 2013-08-26. Retrieved 2017-05-18.
  35. ^ “LIAT”. SkyTrax. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  36. ^ “LIAT – regional service”. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  37. ^ “LIAT Air”. Fodor’s journey. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  38. ^ “LIAT”. Tripadvisor. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  39. ^ “A number of flight cancellations as strike hits LIAT”. BVI Information. Three April 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  40. ^ “Chaos at LIAT as pilots and administration sq. off”. Antigua Observer Newspaper. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  41. ^ “Petition for heads to roll at LIAT collect momentum”. Antigua Observer Newspaper. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  42. ^ “Hoteliers need impression examine”. Antigua Observer Newspaper. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  43. ^ “Do not rely upon LIAT alone for WCMF journey – Colin Piper”. Dominica Information On-line. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  44. ^ Grenoble, Ryan (1 July 2013). “Hilarious Airline Grievance Letter Goes Viral”. Huffington Publish.
  45. ^ Ed Payne, CNN (2 July 2013). “Airline grievance takes flight with Richard Branson’s assist”. CNN. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
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  47. ^ R., P. (20 July 2012). “LIAT on Nationwide Geographic”. Archived from the unique on 2012-06-27. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
  48. ^ Workers author (2007). “The Caribbean’s Main Funds / No Frills Airline”. World Journey Awards. Archived from the unique on 2013-10-14. Retrieved 16 December 2011.

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