Germania Fluggesellschaft mbH, buying and selling as Germania (German pronunciation: [‘gɛrmani:a]), was[2][3] a privately owned German airline with its headquarters in Berlin.[4] It started by specializing in constitution operations, then moved in the direction of changing into a scheduled service, though some constitution flights have been nonetheless flown beneath the model.[5] The change in technique led to development over its previous few years, and Germania operated to locations in Europe, North Africa and the Center East from a number of German bases. It carried 2.5 million passengers in 2009 and had round 850 staff as of summer time 2014.[6] It declared chapter on Four February 2019 and ceased operations on 5 February 2019.[3]

Historical past[edit]

Early years 1978-1999[edit]

The airline was based in April 1978 as Particular Air Transport or SAT for brief in Cologne and began operations on 5 September 1978 with a Fokker F-27. In November 1978, a Sud Aviation Caravelle was bought from LTU, which was changed by two used Boeing 727-100 from Hapag-Lloyd Flug (now TUIfly). Germania Categorical adopted the IATA code “ST” which was beforehand utilized by Yanda Airways.

In spring 1986, the corporate was re-organised and its identify was modified to Germania, the standard Latin identify of Germany, on 1 June 1986.[7] For a few years, Germania’s foremost space of doing enterprise have been constitution providers for TUI, Condor and Neckermann Reisen – an space during which Germania earned a status for providing the bottom costs. In 1992 the registered workplace was relocated to Tegel. In the identical yr Germania received the bid for flight providers between the outdated and new capital of Germany (Bonn and Berlin) on behalf of the German authorities, establishing a short-lived Beamten-Shuttle (German for “shuttle for civil servants”).

In 1998, the airline pioneered using plane for promoting in Germany (advertisers included Siemens and numerous tour operators). In the identical yr, Germania started to lease an increasing number of planes to different airways equivalent to Hapag-Lloyd Categorical, Maersk and Delta.

Scheduled providers[edit]

On 12 November 2001, Germania launched scheduled providers between Berlin Tegel and Frankfurt. Germania initially provided a one-way ticket at EUR 99.00. Incumbent operator Lufthansa reacted instantly by lovering its costs and successfully matching the low Germania fares.[8] Beforehand, Lufthansa offered tickets between these two cities for EUR 485.00 return. Lufthansa was sued for its anticompetitive apply and was compelled to lift its fare to at the least EUR 30.50 one-way over the Germania fare.[9]

By early summer time 2002, it grew to become public that Germania clearly would lose its main leisure constitution contract with German tour operator TUI from late 2002. The contract accounted for 75 p.c of Germania’s flight quantity. The lack of the TUI constitution contract mixed with different enterprise growth led to skepticism concerning the monetary well being of the corporate. At the moment, Germania and S.A.T. had a fleet of 27 plane of which solely eight have been deployed on the carriers constitution and scheduled providers. All remaining plane have been leased to others.[10]

Later, Germania was once more partnered by TUI for creation of its new low-cost division Hapag-Lloyd Categorical. Whereas TUI took a 100%-stake within the start-up, Germania was contracted to wet-lease eight of its Boeing 737-700 plane.[11] Hapag-Lloyd Categorical commenced operations with the primary 4 Boeing 737 on Three December.[12] Germania flights between Berlin and Cologne/Bonn have been moved to Hapag-Lloyd Categorical as a part of the deal.[13]

Nonetheless, Germania retained personal scheduled operations between from Berlin Tegel to Frankfurt and Munich. In November 2002, flights to Palma da Mallorca was added. Reportedly in late 2002 or very early 2003, Germania acquired a fleet of 17 Fokker 100 from bankrupt US Airways at an especially low value.[14]

Funds airline operations as “gexx”[edit]

The previous brand used till 2009

Germania determined to make use of its acquired Fokker 100 fleet to construct a low-budget airline named “gexx”. Set-up as a digital service with flights operated by its mom Germania, gexx commenced short-haul operations out of Berlin Tegel on June 1, 2003. Not like most different airways, gexx used a fixed-fare scheme – relying the route tickets have been offered at a single value with no differentiation regarding time of reserving.[15] Germania regularly refurbished additional Fokker 100, permitting a continued development of its gexx division. Throughout the first yr of operations, gexx dealt with 1,42 million passengers whereas sustaining a median load issue of 72 p.c and a median ticket fare of EUR 82, permitting a worthwhile operation. On the identical time, it operated 15 Fokker 100 to 26 locations round Europe.[16]

Following a purchase order of a 64% stake in dba (later a part of Air Berlin) on 28 March 2005, Germania wet-leased 12 Fokker 100 plane to dba. On the identical time, dba took over Germania Categorical’s 15 established low-cost routes and thus absorbed Germania’s gexx model. Germania then again, with all plane having been leased to different airways, not provided routes on to passengers. W

Germania relaunched scheduled flights beneath its personal model identify out of Berlin and Düsseldorf, starting with the 2008 summer time schedule.

The foundations have been laid for the primary upkeep hangar at Berlin Brandenburg Airport on 21 March 2011. Germania deliberate to make use of the hangar collectively as soon as the airport turns into operational.[17]

On Three March 2014, Germania had its site visitors rights for flights to Iraq revoked after an intervention by Iraqi Airways.[18] On 12 March 2014, Germania was allowed to renew all operations to Iraq with the primary flight resuming on the 17 March 2014.

Additional growth plans[edit]

Germania opened two seasonal UK bases in summer time 2013, Manchester and London-Gatwick after securing constitution contracts from a number of vacation firms. London-Gatwick remained as a permenent base after opening two scheduled routes to Pristina and Erfurt. London-Gatwick additionally served an inbound vacation spot for sister firm, Gambia Fowl airways. In summer time 2014, Norwich Worldwide was added as Germania’s third UK (seasonal) base.

In spring 2015, Germania introduced plans to section out all of their lately refurbished Boeing 737-700s by 2020 to develop into an all-Airbus operator.[19] The airline due to this fact ordered 25 new Airbus A320neos for supply from 2020.[20]

In September 2016, Germania introduced it might stop all operations at Kassel Airport the place it was the one scheduled service on the time.[21] In August 2017, the airline obtained an air operator’s certificates (AOC) for its Bulgarian subsidiary, Bulgarian Eagle,[22] and it has registered an Airbus A319 in Bulgaria. The plane was going to be, in line with the airline, wet-leased to companion firms.[23]

Chapter and liquidation[edit]

In December 2018, it was reported that the airline had suffered heavy losses in recent times, particularly throughout 2018 and that its house owners have been looking for potential consumers for the airline.[24]
On 31 January 2019, it was reported that cost of worker salaries can be delayed.[25] Germania finally ceased flight operations with out earlier discover within the evening from Four to five February 2019 and declared chapter for itself and its technical and repair divisions (excluding Germania Flug in Switzerland [22]).[2][26][3] The ultimate scheduled Germania flight to be within the air was ST 3711 from Fuerteventura to Nuremberg which landed on 5 February at 01:11 CET within the morning.[26]

Company affairs[edit]

Germania’s head workplace in Berlin

Possession and construction[edit]

Germania Fluggesellschaft mbH was a personal firm that had been based and run for a few years by Hinrich Bischoff, who died on 11 November 2005. His spouse Ingrid Bischoff was the primary shareholder, however she offered it. Germania had its headquarters at Riedemannweg 58, Berlin, Germany.[27][28]

There are three foremost working subsidiaries:

Germania additionally had an curiosity in:

Enterprise tendencies[edit]

As Germania was a personal firm, annual reviews didn’t must be revealed. Only a few figures have been launched into the general public area. Within the absence of those, the little data for the Germania group that seems to be accessible was:

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Turnover (€m) 144.80 179.96 171.41 177.78 206.88 203.79 271.05 396.47 424.25 369.10 453.67
Revenue (€m) 6.769 6.157 6.896 0.283 0.361 0.505 −10.852 −26.848 −6.796 −7.742 6.084
Variety of staff 709 714 644 622 553 513 605 880 901 954 1.108
Variety of passengers (m) 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.6 3.0
Variety of scheduled seats (solely) (m) * 0.22 0.75 1.31 2.83 3.19 3.95 4.57
Variety of plane (group)(at yr finish) 27 16 15 17 13 15 19 23 22 22 29 35
Notes/sources [32] [33] [34][35]
[40] [41][5]
[5][43] [5][44] [5][45]

*Within the absence of significant revealed knowledge, the variety of scheduled seats operated is proven as a proxy for the tendencies of the enterprise.


Germania provided a variety of some year-round and primarily seasonal leisure and a few metropolitan routes from a number of German airports. From its bases, scheduled flights to Armenia, Turkey, Kosovo,[a]Israel and Lebanon have been additionally provided, servicing minorities residing in Germany and Austria.

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Present fleet[edit]

On the time of shutdown, the Germania fleet (excluding the Swiss and Bulgarian subsidiaries Germania Flug and Bulgarian Eagle) consisted of the next plane:[54]

Historic fleet[edit]

Over time, Germania operated the next plane varieties:[56]



Exterior hyperlinks[edit]

Media associated to Germania at Wikimedia Commons

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