Etymology 1[edit]

From Center English fresen, from Outdated English frēosan (to freeze), from Proto-West Germanic *freusan, from Proto-Germanic *freusaną (to frost, freeze), from Proto-Indo-European *prews- (to frost, freeze).

Cognate with Scots frese (to freeze), West Frisian frieze (to freeze), Dutch vriezen (to freeze), Low German freren, freern, fresen (to freeze), German frieren (to freeze), Norwegian fryse, Swedish frysa (to freeze), Latin pruīna (hoarfrost), Welsh (Northern) rhew (frost, ice), and Sanskrit प्रुष्व (pruṣvá, water drop, frost).


freeze (third-person singular easy current freezes, current participle freezing, easy previous froze, previous participle frozen or (now colloquial) froze)

  1. (intransitive, copulative) Particularly of a liquid, to change into strong resulting from low temperature.

    The lake froze strong.

    • 1855, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Track of Hiawatha, E book XX: The Famine,
      Ever thicker, thicker, thicker
      Froze the ice on lake and river,
    • 1913, Willa Cather, O Pioneers!, Winter Recollections, I,
      He obtained to Dawson earlier than the river froze, and now I suppose I will not hear any extra till spring.
    • 1915, Eleanor Stackhouse Atkinson, The How and Why Library: Wonders, Part II: Water,
      Operating water doesn’t freeze as simply as nonetheless water.
  2. (transitive) To decrease one thing’s temperature to the purpose that it freezes or turns into onerous.

    Do not freeze meat twice.

  3. (intransitive) To drop to a temperature beneath zero levels celsius, the place water turns to ice.

    It did not freeze this winter, however final winter was very harsh.

  4. (intransitive, casual) To be affected by excessive chilly.

    It is freezing in right here!

    Do not go exterior carrying only a t-shirt; you will freeze!

  5. (intransitive) (of machines and software program) To come back to a sudden halt, cease working (functioning).

    For the reason that final replace, this system freezes after a couple of minutes of use.

    Synonym: freeze up
  6. (intransitive) (of individuals and different animals) To cease (change into immobile) or be stopped resulting from attentiveness, worry, shock, and many others.

    Regardless of the entire rehearsals, I froze as quickly as I obtained on stage.

    Synonym: freeze up
    • 1916, Edgar Rice Burroughs, chapter III, in Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar:

      As Tarzan rose upon the physique of his kill to scream forth his hideous victory cry into the face of the moon the wind carried to his nostrils one thing which froze him to statuesque immobility and silence.

    • 1935, Robert E. Howard, chapter IV, in Jewels of Gwahlur:

      They froze on their knees, their faces turned upward with a ghastly blue hue within the sudden glare of a bizarre mild that burst blindingly up close to the lofty roof after which burned with a throbbing glow.

  7. (transitive) To trigger somebody to change into immobile.
    • 1934, Agatha Christie, chapter 4, in Homicide on the Orient Categorical, London: HarperCollins, printed 2017, web page 102:

      Dr Constantine sniggered and Mrs Hubbard instantly froze him with a look.

  8. (figuratively) To lose or trigger to lose heat of feeling; to close out; to ostracize.

    Over time, he froze in the direction of her, and ceased to react to her pleasant advances.

    • 1898, Robert Burns, John George Dow (editor), Picks from the poems of Robert Burns, web page lviii,
      The opposite aspect to this sunny gladness of pure love is his pity for his or her sufferings when their very own mom’s coronary heart appears to freeze in the direction of them.
    • 1968, Ronald Victor Sampson, The Psychology of Energy, web page 134:

      His pals start to freeze in the direction of him, the pillars of society minimize him publicly, his shoppers cool off, huge enterprise offers not come his means, he’s more and more acutely aware of social ostracism and the puzzled misgivings of his spouse.

    • 1988, Edward Holland Spicer, Kathleen M. Sands, Rosamond B. Spicer, Individuals of Pascua, web page 37,
      In the event you cheat them, they do not say something however after that they freeze in the direction of you.
  9. To trigger lack of animation or life in, from lack of warmth; to provide the feeling of chilly to; to relax.
    • c. 1591–1595, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Romeo and Ivliet”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Printed In response to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, printed 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii]:

      A faint, chilly worry runs via my veins,
      That nearly freezes up the warmth of life.

  10. (transitive) To forestall the motion or liquidation of an individual’s monetary property

    The courtroom froze the prison’s checking account.

  11. Of costs, spending and many others., to maintain on the identical stage, with none improve.
    • 2019 December 4, “Lib Dems promise fares freeze and low-emission expertise”, in Rail, web page 6:

      The headline promise within the Liberal Democrat manifesto is to freeze rail fares for commuters and season ticket holders at some point of a Parliament.

Derived phrases[edit]
Associated phrases[edit]
The translations beneath have to be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

See the above verb.


freeze (plural freezes)

  1. A interval of intensely chilly climate.
    • 2009, Pietra Rivoli, The Travels of a T-shirt within the World Financial system, 2nd Version, web page 38,
      As a way to work correctly, the cotton stripper required that the plant be brown and brittle, as occurred after a freeze, in order that the cotton bolls may snap off simply.
  2. A halt of an everyday operation.
    • 1982 October, William Epstein, The freeze: a sizzling concern on the United Nations, in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists,
      With no freeze it may be potential to proceed with the manufacturing and deployment of such destabilizing techniques because the MX, Trident II, cruise missiles and SS-18s, -19s and -20s.
    • 1983 October 3, Ted Kennedy, speech, Reality and Tolerance in America,
      Critics could oppose the nuclear freeze for what they regard as ethical causes.
    • 1985 April 27, Ronald Reagan, Presidential Radio Deal with,
      Lots of our opponents in Congress are advocating a freeze in Federal spending and a rise in taxes.
  3. (computing) The state when both a single laptop program, or the entire system ceases to reply to inputs.
  4. (curling) A exact draw weight shot the place a delivered stone involves a stand-still towards a stationary stone, making it almost inconceivable to knock out.
    • 2006, Bob Weeks, Curling for Dummies, web page 143:

      The explanation I stated the guard wasn’t the hardest shot in curling is as a result of, in my guide, that is a shot known as the freeze. A stone thrown as a freeze comes completely to relaxation instantly in entrance of one other stone, with out transferring it (see Determine 10-5).

  5. (enterprise, finance) A block on pay rises or on the hiring of recent staff and many others.

    a hiring freeze;  a pay freeze


Etymology 3[edit]


freeze (plural freezes)

  1. Out of date type of frieze.

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