English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Center English free, fre, freo, from Outdated English frēo (free), from Proto-West Germanic *frī, from Proto-Germanic *frijaz (beloved, not in bondage), from Proto-Indo-European *priHós (expensive, beloved), from *preyH- (to like, please). Associated to buddy. Cognate with West Frisian frij (free), Dutch vrij (free), Low German free (free), German frei (free), Danish, Swedish and Norwegian fri (free), Sanskrit प्रिय (priyá).

Germanic and Celtic are the one Indo-European language branches through which the PIE phrase with the which means of “expensive, beloved” acquired the extra which means of “free” within the sense of “not in bondage”. This was an extension of the thought of “attribute of those that are expensive and beloved”, in different phrases mates and tribe members (in distinction to unfree inhabitants from different tribes and prisoners of warfare, lots of which have been among the many slaves – examine the Latin use of liberi to imply each “free individuals” and “kids of a household”).[1][2]

The verb comes from Center English freen, freoȝen, from Outdated English frēon, frēoġan (to free; make free), from Proto-West Germanic *frijōn, from Proto-Germanic *frijōną, from Proto-Indo-European *preyH-.

Pronunciation[edit]

An indication promoting free beer (obtainable with out fee), sometimes with some required buy/catch.

A “purchase one get one free” signal at a flower stand (obtainable with out extra fee)

This meals product is labelled “fats free“, which means it incorporates no fats

Adjective[edit]

free (comparative freer, superlative freest)

  1. (social) Unconstrained.

    He was given free rein to do no matter he wished.

    • 1610-11?, Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act V, scene i:
      Rapidly, spirit! / Thou shalt ere lengthy be free.
    • 1899, Stephen Crane, chapter 1, in Twelve O’Clock:

      There was some laughter, and Roddle was left free to develop his concepts on the periodic visits of cowboys to the city. “Mason Rickets, he had ten huge punkins a-sittin’ in entrance of his retailer, an’ them fellers from the Upside-down-F ranch shot ’em up […].”

    • 2013 August 10, Schumpeter, “Cronies and capitols”, in The Economist, quantity 408, quantity 8848:

      Policing the connection between authorities and enterprise in a free society is tough. Businesspeople have each proper to foyer governments, and civil servants to take jobs within the personal sector.

    Synonyms: unconstrained, unfettered, unhindered
    Antonyms: constrained, restricted
    1. Not imprisoned or enslaved.

      a free man

      Antonyms: sure, enslaved, imprisoned
    2. Unconstrained by timidity or mistrust
      Synonyms: unreserved, frank, communicative
      • 1818, Richard Milward, The Desk Speak of John Selden, web page xxiv:

        Dr. Wilkins says, “He was naturally of a severe mood, which was considerably soured by his sufferings, in order that he was free solely with just a few.”

    3. Beneficiant; liberal.

      He is very free along with his cash.

    4. (out of date) Away from offence or crime; guiltless; harmless.
    5. With out obligations.

      free time

    6. Thrown open, or made accessible, to all; to be loved with out limitations; unrestricted; not obstructed, engrossed, or appropriated; open; mentioned of a factor to be possessed or loved.

      a free college

    7. Not arbitrary or despotic; assuring liberty; defending particular person rights in opposition to encroachment by any individual or class; instituted by a free individuals; mentioned of a authorities, establishments, and so forth.

      It is a free nation.

    8. (software program) With no or solely freedom-preserving limitations on distribution or modification.
      Synonym: libre
      Antonym: proprietary
    9. (software program) Meant for launch, versus a checked model.
  2. Obtainable with none fee.
    • 2013 July 20, “The assault of the MOOCs”, in The Economist, quantity 408, quantity 8845:

      Because the launch early final yr of […] two Silicon Valley start-ups providing free training by means of MOOCs, huge open on-line programs, the ivory towers of academia have been shaken to their foundations. College manufacturers inbuilt some circumstances over centuries have been pressured to ponder the chance that data know-how will quickly make their present enterprise mannequin out of date.

    The federal government offers free well being care.

    It is free actual property.

    Synonyms: freed from cost, free of charge
    1. (by extension, mainly promoting slang) complimentary

      Purchase a TV to get a free DVD participant!

  3. (summary) Unconstrained.
    1. (arithmetic) Unconstrained by relators.

      the free group on three mills

    2. (arithmetic, logic) Unconstrained by quantifiers.

      .

      Antonym: sure
    3. (programming) Unconstrained of identifiers, not sure.
      Synonym: unbound
      Antonym: sure
    4. (linguistics) (of a morpheme) That can be utilized by itself, unattached to a different morpheme.
  4. (bodily) Unconstrained.
    1. Unobstructed, with out blockages.

      the drain was free

      Synonyms: clear, unobstructed
      Antonyms: blocked, obstructed
    2. Unattached or uncombined.

      a free radical

      Synonyms: free, unfastened; see additionally Thesaurus:free
    3. Not at the moment in use; not taken; unoccupied.

      You’ll be able to sit on this chair; it is free.

    4. (botany, mycology) Not connected; free.

      On this group of mushrooms, the gills are free.

      • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, quantity V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia College Press, →ISBN, web page 7:

        Moreover, the free anterior margin of the lobule is arched towards the lobe and is commonly involute []

  5. With out; not containing (what’s specified); exempt; clear; liberated.

    We had a healthful, filling meal, free of meat.  I want to stay free from care within the mountains.

    • 1679-1715, Gilbert Burnet, The Historical past of the Reformation of the Church of England:

      princes declaring themselves free from the obligations of their treaties

    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Superstar:

      One morning I had been pushed to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting gives from the Superstar to affix him in quite a lot of amusements. However even right here I used to be not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block under me, enjoying with a fox terrier.

    Synonym: with out
  6. (dated) Prepared; keen; performing with out spurring or whipping; spirited.

    a free horse

  7. (dated) Invested with a selected freedom or franchise; having fun with sure immunities or privileges; admitted to particular rights; adopted by of.
  8. (Britain, legislation, out of date) Sure or honourable; the alternative of base.

    free service;  free socage

    (Can we discover and add a citation of Burrill to this entry?)
  9. (legislation) Privileged or particular person; the alternative of widespread.

    a free fishery;  a free warren

    (Can we discover and add a citation of Burrill to this entry?)

Antonyms[edit]

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Hyponyms[edit]

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Derived phrases[edit]

Associated phrases[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations under have to be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.

Adverb[edit]

free (comparative extra free, superlative most free)

  1. With no need to pay.

    I acquired this bike free.

    Synonyms: totally free, for nothing
  2. (out of date) Freely; willingly.
    • c. 1601–1602, Henry VIII, printed 1623:

      I as free forgive you / As I might be forgiven.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

A portray depicting legendary Greek hero Perseus releasing Andromeda, who was imprisoned by a sea monster

free (third-person singular easy current frees, current participle releasing, easy previous and previous participle freed)

  1. (transitive) To make free; set at liberty; launch.
    • 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Printed In keeping with the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, printed 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii], web page 5:

      Professional. [] Spirit, high quality ſpirit, Ile free thee / Inside two dayes for this.
  2. (transitive) To rid of one thing that confines or oppresses.
    • 1885, Richard F. Burton, The Guide of the Thousand Nights and a Night time, Night time 564:
      Then I walked about, until I discovered on the additional aspect, an amazing river of candy water, working with a robust present; whereupon I referred to as to thoughts the boat-raft I had made aforetime and mentioned to myself, “Wants should I make one other; haply I could free me from this strait. If I escape, I’ve my need and I vow to Allah Almighty to forswear journey; and if I perish I shall be at peace and shall relaxation from toil and moil.”

Derived phrases[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

free (plural frees)

  1. (Australian guidelines soccer, Gaelic soccer) Abbreviation of free kick.
    • 2006, [1]:
      Whether or not deserved or not, the free gave Cresswell the prospect to cowl himself in glory with a shot on purpose after the siren.
  2. free switch
    • 2011 September 21, Sam Lyon, “Man Metropolis 2 – Zero Birmingham”, in BBC Sport[2]:

      Hargreaves, who left Manchester United on a free throughout the summer time, drilled a 22-yard magnificence to open the scoring.

  3. (hurling) The same old technique of restarting play after a foul is dedicated, the place the non-offending crew restarts from the place the foul was dedicated.

Translations[edit]

The translations under have to be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ “free” in Douglas Harper, On-line Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2021.
  2. ^ “frei” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

free

  1. first-person singular current subjunctive of frear
  2. third-person singular current subjunctive of frear

Low German[edit]

Various types[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Center Low German vrîe, variant of vrî, from Outdated Saxon frī, from Proto-Germanic *frijaz, from Proto-Indo-European *prey (new). Examine Dutch vrij, West Frisian frij, English free, German frei.

Adjective[edit]

free (comparative fre’er, superlative freest)

  1. (reasonably uncommon) free

Declension[edit]

Derived phrases[edit]

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