In aviation, the flight size is outlined as the gap of a flight. Business flights are sometimes categorized into long-, medium- or short-haul by industrial airways based mostly on flight size, though there isn’t a worldwide commonplace definition and plenty of airways use air time or geographic boundaries as an alternative.
Route class lengths are likely to outline short-haul routes as being shorter than 600–800 nmi (1,100–1,500 km), long-haul as being longer than 2,200–2,600 nmi (4,100–4,800 km), and medium-haul as being in-between.

Route class definitions[edit]

Asia & Australia[edit]

  • Japan Air Traces defines routes to Europe and North America as long-haul and all different flights as short-haul.[1]
  • Virgin Australia defines home flights as inside Australia, short-haul as these to South East Asia/Pacific and long-haul as these to Abu Dhabi or Los Angeles.[2]
  • The Hong Kong Airport considers locations in North and South Americas, Europe, the Center East, Africa, Southwest Pacific and the Indian Subcontinent long-haul and all others are short-haul.[3]


  • Eurocontrol defines medium-haul routes as being between 1,500 and 4,000 km (930 and a couple of,490 mi; 810 and a couple of,160 nmi), short-haul as shorter and long-haul routes as longer than that.[4]
  • The Affiliation of European Airways outlined Lengthy-haul as flights to Americas, sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Australasia and medium-haul as flights to North Africa and Center East.[5] The now defunct airline Air Berlin outlined short- and medium-haul as flights to Europe/North Africa and long-haul as these to the remainder of the world.[6]
  • Air France defines short-haul as home, medium-haul as inside Europe/North Africa and lengthy haul as the remainder of the world.[7]

North America[edit]

  • American Airways defines short-/medium-haul flights as being lower than 3,000 mi (2,600 nmi; 4,800 km) and long-haul as both being greater than 3,000 mi (2,600 nmi; 4,800 km) or being the New York–Los Angeles and New York–San Francisco routes.[8]
  • United Airways defines short-haul flights as being lower than 700 mi (610 nmi; 1,100 km)[9] and long-haul flights as being better than 3,000 mi (2,600 nmi; 4,800 km).[10]

Plane class definitions[edit]

  • Delta Air Traces defines its Boeing 717, MD-88 and MD-90 as short-haul home plane, Boeing 757, Boeing 737, Airbus A319 and A321 as long-haul home and Boeing 777, 767, 747, Airbus A330 and transoceanic Boeing 757 as long-haul.[11]
  • Lufthansa defines its fleet as long-haul for wide-body plane such because the Airbus A330/A340, A350 and A380, or Boeing 747, medium-haul for narrow-body plane just like the A320 and 737 households, and short-haul for regional jets just like the Embraer E-Jets or the Bombardier CRJ-900.[12]
  • Thomson Airways defines the Boeing 737 as a brief and mid-haul airliner whereas the Boeing 767 and 787 as lengthy haul.[13]

Whereas they’re able to flying additional, long-haul widebodies are sometimes used on shorter journeys: 40% of A350 routes are shorter than 2,000 nmi (2,300 mi; 3,700 km), 50% of A380 flights fall inside 2,000–4,000 nmi (2,300–4,600 mi; 3,700–7,400 km), 70% of 777-200ER routes are shorter than 4,000 nmi (4,600 mi; 7,400 km), 80% of 787-9s routes are shorter than 5,000 nmi (5,800 mi; 9,300 km), 70% of 777-200LRs flights are shorter than 6,000 nmi (6,900 mi; 11,000 km) and 777-300ERs flights are evenly distributed throughout its vary.[14]

Superlative flights[edit]

Shortest industrial flight[edit]

The Westray to Papa Westray flight in Orkney, operated by Loganair, is the shortest industrial flight on the planet over 2.8 km (1.7 mi) in two minutes scheduled flight time together with taxiing.

Longest industrial flight[edit]

From 11 October 2018, the longest industrial flight is the Singapore Airways Flight SQ 21/22 between Singapore Changi and New York/Newark, masking 15,344 km (9,534 mi; 8,285 nmi) with an Airbus A350-900ULR in almost 19 hours, with 161 seats: 67 Enterprise and 94 Premium Economic system.[15]


Absolute distance versus flight size[edit]

Airline routes between San Francisco and Tokyo following essentially the most direct nice circle (high) westward, and following a longer-distance jet stream route (backside) when heading eastward

Absolutely the distance between two factors is the great-circle distance, which is all the time the shortest geographical route. Within the instance (proper), the plane travelling westward from North America to Japan is following a great-circle route extending northward in direction of the Arctic area. The obvious curve of the route is a results of distortion when plotted onto a traditional map projection and makes the route seem like longer than it truly is. Stretching a string between North America and Japan on a globe will display why this actually is the shortest route regardless of appearances.

The precise flight size is the size of the monitor flown throughout the bottom in observe, which is often longer than the perfect great-circle and is influenced by numerous components comparable to the necessity to keep away from unhealthy climate, wind path and velocity, gasoline financial system, navigational restrictions and different necessities. Within the instance, easterly flights from Japan to North America are proven taking an extended, extra southerly, route than the shorter great-circle; that is to make the most of the beneficial jet stream, a quick, high-altitude tail-wind, that assists the plane alongside its floor monitor saving extra time and gasoline than the geographically shortest route.

Air time versus schedule occasions[edit]

Air time is the elapsed time that the plane is airborne, no matter what time-zone the flight started and resulted in.

Schedule time is the distinction between the scheduled native time on the origin and the scheduled native time on the vacation spot and often differs from the precise time within the air as it’s affected by the native time zones. Native clock time flying westward, or “chasing the solar”, is slowed,[16] whereas native clock time flying eastbound is sped up. Nonetheless, flights over the Worldwide Date Line positioned at roughly 180o E within the Pacific will subtract 24 hours from the schedule time going eastwards and add 24 hours going westwards. For instance, the eastward flight proven within the instance from Japan to North America may have a scheduled time of arrival sooner than the departure time, whereas from North America to Japan the flight will take a complete day longer by native time; the precise flying time in each circumstances being the identical or comparable.

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