Airline in america

Delta Air Strains, Inc.
Delta logo.svg
Based March 2, 1925; 95 years in the past (1925-03-02)
(as Huff Daland Dusters)
Macon, Georgia, U.S.[1]
Commenced operations June 17, 1929 (1929-06-17)[2]
AOC # DALA026A[3]
Hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program SkyMiles
Alliance
Subsidiaries
Fleet dimension 760 (as of October 2020)[5][6]
Locations 325 (as of 22 December 2019)[7]
Traded as
ISIN US2473617023
Headquarters Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Key folks C.E. Woolman (founder)
Ed Bastian (CEO)
Glen Hauenstein (President)
Joanne Smith (E.V.P. & Chief Folks Officer)
Income IncreaseUS$47.007 billion (2019)
Working earnings Increase US$6.618 billion (2019)
Web earnings Increase US$4.767 billion (2019)
Complete property Increase US$64.532 billion (2019)
Complete fairness Increase US$15.358 billion (2019)
Staff 91,000 (2019)
Web site delta.com
Notes

Delta Air Strains, Inc., sometimes known as Delta, is without doubt one of the main airways of america and a legacy service. It’s headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.[3] The airline, together with its subsidiaries and regional associates, together with Delta Connection, operates over 5,400 flights each day and serves 325 locations in 52 international locations on six continents.[9] Delta is a founding member of the SkyTeam airline alliance.[9]

Delta has 9 hubs, with Atlanta being its largest when it comes to whole passengers and variety of departures.[9] It’s ranked second among the many world’s largest airways by variety of scheduled passengers carried, income passenger-kilometers flown, and fleet dimension. It’s ranked 69th on the Fortune 500.[10] The corporate slogan is “Maintain Climbing”[11]

Historical past

Early historical past

Delta Air Strains’ historical past begins with the world’s first aerial crop dusting operation known as Huff Daland Dusters, Inc. The corporate was based on March 2, 1925, in Macon, Georgia earlier than transferring to Monroe, Louisiana in summer season 1925.[12] They flew a Huff-Daland Duster, the primary true crop duster, designed to fight the boll weevil infestation of cotton crops.[13]C.E. Woolman, common supervisor and later Delta’s first CEO, led a bunch of native buyers to accumulate the corporate’s property. Delta Air Service was included on December 3, 1928, and named after the Mississippi Delta area.[14][15][16][1]

Passenger operations started on June 17, 1929, from Dallas, Texas, to Jackson, Mississippi, with stops at Shreveport and Monroe, Louisiana. By June 1930, service had prolonged east to Atlanta and west to Fort Value, Texas.[17] Passenger service ceased in October 1930 when the airmail contract for the route Delta had pioneered was awarded to a different airline, which bought the property of Delta Air Service. Native banker Travis Oliver, appearing as a trustee, C.E. Woolman, and different native buyers bought again the crop-dusting property of Delta Air Service and included as Delta Air Company on December 31, 1930.

Delta Air Company secured an air mail contract in 1934, and started doing enterprise as Delta Air Strains over Mail Route 24, stretching from Fort Value, Texas, to Charleston, South Carolina.[17][18][12] Delta moved its headquarters from Monroe, Louisiana, to its present location in Atlanta in 1941.[19] The corporate identify formally turned Delta Air Strains in 1945.[20] In 1946, the corporate commenced repeatedly scheduled freight transport. In 1949, the corporate launched the primary discounted fares between Chicago and Miami. In 1953, the corporate launched its first worldwide routes after the acquisition of Chicago and Southern Air Strains.[21] In 1959, it was the primary airline to fly the Douglas DC-8. In 1960, it was the primary airline to fly Convair 880 jets. In 1964, it launched the Deltamatic reservation techniques utilizing computer systems within the IBM 7070 collection. In 1965, Delta was the primary airline to fly the McDonnell Douglas DC-9.

Progress and acquisitions

By 1970, Delta had an all-jet fleet, and in 1972 it acquired Northeast Airways. Trans-Atlantic service started in 1978 with the primary nonstop flights from Atlanta to London. In 1981, Delta launched a frequent-flyer program. In 1987, it acquired Western Airways, and that very same 12 months Delta started trans-Pacific service (Atlanta-Portland, Oregon-Tokyo). In 1990, Delta was the primary airline in america to fly McDonnell Douglas MD-11 jets. In 1991, it acquired considerably all of Pan Am’s trans-Atlantic routes and the Pan Am Shuttle, rebranded because the Delta Shuttle. Delta was now the main airline throughout the Atlantic.[1][22]

In 1997, Delta was the primary airline to board greater than 100 million passengers in a calendar 12 months. Additionally that 12 months, Delta started an enlargement of their worldwide routes into Latin America.[23] In 2003, the corporate launched Track, a low-cost service.[1]

Chapter and restructuring (2005–2007)

On September 14, 2005, the corporate filed for chapter, citing rising gasoline prices.[24][25][26] It emerged from chapter in April 2007 after warding off a hostile takeover from US Airways and its shares have been re-listed on the New York Inventory Change.[27][28][29]

Acquisition of Northwest Airways (2008)

The acquisition of Northwest Airways was introduced April 14, 2008. It was accredited and consummated on October 29, 2008. Northwest continued to function as an entirely owned subsidiary of Delta till December 31, 2009, when the Northwest Airways working certificates was merged into that of Delta.[30] Delta accomplished integration with Northwest on January 31, 2010, when their laptop reservations system and web sites have been mixed, and the Northwest Airways model was formally retired.[31]

Locations and hubs

Locations

Delta and its worldwide alliance companions function greater than 15,000 flights per day.[9] Delta is the one U.S. service that flies to Accra, Copenhagen, Dakar, Düsseldorf, Johannesburg, Lagos, Good and Stuttgart.

In March 2020, Delta introduced they’re suspending all flights to continental Europe for 30 days, and reducing 40% of their capability.[32]

Hubs

Delta presently has 9 hubs.[9][33]

  • Atlanta – Delta’s hub for the Southeastern United States and its predominant gateway to Latin America and the Caribbean. Along with its company headquarters, Delta operates its main hub in Atlanta in addition to Delta TechOps, which is Delta’s main upkeep base.[34]
  • Boston – Inherited by way of the merger with Northeast Airways, Boston-Logan is Delta’s secondary transatlantic hub. Boston-Logan had beforehand been a Delta hub from the latter half of the 20th century to the early 2000s. The current Terminal A was constructed for Delta’s sole use, however following the 2005 chapter, Delta scaled again operations and leased 11 gates within the terminal. Delta subsequently regained all of the Terminal A gates and started increase operations once more within the mid-2010s, culminating within the reestablishing of BOS as a hub in 2019.
  • Detroit – Inherited by way of the merger with Northwest Airways, Detroit serves as one in all Delta’s two Midwest hubs and is Delta’s second-largest total. It’s the main Asian gateway for the Japanese United States and it additionally gives service to many locations within the Americas and Europe.
  • Los Angeles – Inherited by way of the merger with Western Airways, Los Angeles is Delta’s secondary hub for the West Coast. Delta inherited its LAX hub from Western Airways, however dismantled it within the mid-1990s, opting to relocate most of these plane to the east coast. Since then, it has re-opened the hub, providing service to pick cities in Latin America, Asia, Australia, and Europe, in addition to main home cities and West Coast regional locations.
  • Minneapolis/St. Paul – Inherited by way of the merger with Northwest Airways, Minneapolis–Saint Paul serves as one in all Delta’s two Midwest hubs and is Delta’s third-largest total. It’s the main Canadian gateway for the airline whereas additionally together with many American metropolitan locations, a variety of regional locations within the higher Midwest in addition to some choose locations in Europe and Asia.
  • New York–JFK – Delta’s main transatlantic hub. Delta inherited its JFK hub from its partnership with Pan Am after Pan Am’s collapse in 1991. The hub additionally gives service on many transcontinental “status routes” to west coast locations similar to Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Seattle.
  • New York–LaGuardia – Delta’s second New York hub. This vital home hub was created on account of a slot swap with the now-defunct US Airways. Delta’s service at LaGuardia covers quite a few East Coast U.S. cities, and a variety of regional locations within the U.S. and Canada.
  • Salt Lake Metropolis – Inherited by way of the merger with Western Airways, Salt Lake Metropolis serves as Delta’s hub for the Rocky Mountain area of america and its fourth-largest total. Delta service covers most main U.S. locations in addition to a variety of regional locations within the U.S. with an emphasis on the Rocky Mountain area, in addition to choose locations in Canada, Mexico, in addition to choose cities in Europe and Hawaii.
  • Seattle/Tacoma – Delta’s main West Coast hub. The hub serves as a global gateway to Asia for the Western United States. Delta service additionally contains many main U.S. locations in addition to regional locations within the Pacific Northwest. Delta began aggressively constructing its presence in Seattle in 2011 and introduced SEA’s hub standing in 2014, whereas notably sparking tensions with Seattle-based Alaska Airways.[35]

Alliance and codeshare agreements

Delta was a founding member of the SkyTeam Alliance in 2000,[36] and has codeshare agreements with the next airways:[37][38]

Joint ventures

Along with the above codeshares, Delta has additionally entered into joint ventures with the next airways.

  • Aeromexico – Delta owns 49% of Mexican flag service Aeroméxico. In 2015, Delta and Aeromexico utilized for an immunized three way partnership. After two years, the three way partnership was accredited with two circumstances: each airways needed to give up 4 slot pairs at John F. Kennedy Worldwide Airport and 24 at Mexico Metropolis Worldwide Airport to rivals (each airports have slot restrictions). The three way partnership started in Might 2017, at which period Aeromexico moved to Delta gates at each Kennedy and Los Angeles Worldwide Airport.[50]
  • Air France/KLM/Alitalia – Delta, as successor to Northwest Airways, has a transatlantic three way partnership with Air France–KLM and Alitalia. This system coordinates trans-Atlantic operations, together with ticket pricing, schedules, capability, and income. On January 27, 2012, the European Fee launched an investigation into doable violations of competitors regulation.[51]
  • Korean Air – In 2016, Delta and Korean Air started to put the groundwork for a trans-Pacific three way partnership to compete towards these between American Airways and Japan Airways, and United Airways and All Nippon Airways. In contrast to different deliberate joint ventures, the Delta-Korean Air three way partnership was fast to obtain approval by each the US Division of Transportation and the Korean Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.[52] They goal to extend stomach cargo cooperation and supply advantages to its prospects throughout one of the complete route networks within the trans-Pacific market. This three way partnership provides Delta and Korean Air’s shared prospects seamless entry to greater than 290 locations within the Americas and greater than 80 in Asia. This three way partnership formally launched in Might 2018, precisely one 12 months after the three way partnership with Aeromexico started.[53]
  • LATAM Airways Group – In September 2019, Delta introduced its plans to purchase 20% of LATAM Airways Group for $1.9 billion which is able to increase Delta’s entry to Latin America. In associated transactions, Delta paid for LATAM’s withdrawal from oneworld and likewise acquired the undelivered Airbus A350 XWB plane from the LATAM order e-book together with two plane leased externally by LATAM.[54] The acquisition of the stake was accomplished on December 30, 2019.[55]
  • Virgin Atlantic – On December 11, 2012, Delta introduced that it could purchase the 49% stake in Virgin Atlantic held by Singapore Airways for $360 million. The 2 airways function a complete of 31 roundtrip flights between the UK and North America, together with 9 each day roundtrip flights between London and New York Metropolis airports (John F. Kennedy Worldwide Airport and Newark), with prices shared between the 2 airways.[56] The 2 airways’ utility for antitrust immunity was granted by america Division of Transportation on September 23, 2013.[57]
  • Virgin Australia – In 2017, Delta introduced a three way partnership with Virgin Australia, strengthening its trans-Pacific community and permitting the service so as to add direct flights between Australia and america.
  • WestJet – Delta Air Strains and Canadian airline WestJet function a codeshare settlement on choose routes in North America. On July 19, 2018, WestJet and Delta Air Strains signed a ten-year settlement. The airways’ additionally aligned their frequent flier packages and are co-located at key hub airports.

Fleet

Delta Air Strains has the most important Boeing 757 fleet of any airline.

As of October 2020, Delta operates a fleet of 760 plane[6] manufactured by Airbus and Boeing.[9] Delta operates the most important Boeing 717, Boeing 757, and Boeing 767 fleets on this planet, and the most important Airbus A330 fleet of any US airline. Previous to its 2008 merger with Northwest Airways, Delta’s fleet was made up of solely Boeing and McDonnell Douglas plane. Airbus plane from Northwest joined the fleet after the merger, and extra have since been added.

Delta usually seeks to accumulate and make the most of older plane, particularly narrow-bodies, and it has created an intensive MRO (upkeep, restore, and overhaul) group, known as TechOps, to assist them. Nevertheless, in early 2011, Delta started talks with Airbus, Boeing and Bombardier Aerospace to debate changing the McDonnell Douglas DC-9s, McDonnell Douglas MD-88s, and older A320 and 757-200 plane.[58] On August 22, 2011, Delta positioned an order for 100 Boeing 737-900ER plane[59] and deferred an order of 100 small narrow-body jets till 2012.[60]

As a part of its technique to function less-expensive used airplanes, Delta agreed in 2012 to lease 88 Boeing 717s acquired by Southwest Airways as a part of its acquisition of AirTran Airways.[61] They changed some DC-9s and a few 50-seat regional plane such because the CRJ-200. The primary income flight was on October 25, 2013,[62] Delta formally retired its final DC-9 on January 6, 2014; it was used on an as-needed foundation till January 22, 2014, when the final one was faraway from service.[63] Delta was the ultimate US service working the DC-9.[64] As a continuation of the narrowbody fleet refresh and enlargement, Delta ordered 75, and later expanded that order to 95, Airbus A220 (previously the Bombardier CSeries) plane, and have become the primary American service to order the aircraft.[65][66][67]

The airline has not been as eager to accumulate or function growing old wide-body plane. In August 2014, Delta introduced it could start to retire its growing old Boeing 747-400 fleet, which Delta acquired as a part of the Northwest merger.[68] Throughout a 2014 earnings name, CEO Richard Anderson introduced that they might be retired by the top of 2017.[69] As of 2017, the oldest plane within the fleet have been the Boeing 757-200s, with a median age of over 20 years.[70] On November 20, 2014, the airline introduced an order for 25 Airbus A350 XWB and 25 Airbus A330neo plane to exchange the 747 fleet because it was retired, in addition to some growing old 767s. A350 deliveries started within the second quarter of 2017, whereas the primary A330-900neo flew in 2019.[71] Delta retired the 747 on January 3, 2018, with its closing income flight from Seoul-Incheon to Detroit (DL158) occurring on December 19, 2017, turning into the final main U.S. airline to fly the 747.[72][73]

On December 14, 2017, Delta ordered 100 Airbus A321neos, with 100 additional choices for $25.Four billion at record costs, to be delivered from 2020; outfitted with Pratt & Whitney PW1100Gs and configured with a most capability of 197 passengers, they are going to substitute the airline’s growing old Airbus A319s, Airbus A320s, Boeing 757-200s, McDonnell Douglas MD-88s and McDonnell Douglas MD-90s.[74]

In a memo on March 18, 2020, to firm workers, Delta CEO Ed Bastian introduced that on account of the COVID-19 pandemic affect on airline operations, the corporate would speed up the retirement of the remaining MD-88 and MD-90 plane, in addition to some older Boeing 767s.[75] All of the MD-88 and MD-90 plane have been retired on June 2, 2020, with its closing income flight from Washington-Dulles to Atlanta on MD-88 (DL88), and from Houston to Atlanta on MD-90 (DL90), turning into the final operator to fly the MD-90 and as properly the final main U.S. airways to fly the MD-88. The retirement of its MD-88s and MD-90s formally ended Delta’s 80-year period of flying Douglas and McDonnell Douglas plane, which began in 1940 with the DC-3.[76] Moreover, on Might 14, 2020, Delta introduced that the airline can be retiring its Boeing 777s on account of the pandemic, and to additional simplify its wide-body fleet in favor of the Airbus A350-900s.[77] When Delta introduced its June quarter outcomes, its plan to retire the 737-700, in addition to speed up 767-300ER and A320-200 retirements have been revealed.[78]

In September 2020, Delta introduced by way of its SEC submitting its plan to retire all Boeing 717-200 and remaining Boeing 767-300ER plane by December 2025.[79]

Cabin

Delta underwent a cabin branding improve in 2015.[80] The airline now gives or plans to supply six totally different cabin service choices: Delta One, Delta Premium Choose, First Class, Consolation+, Essential Cabin, and Primary Economic system. Availability and actual particulars range by route and plane kind.

Delta One

Delta One Suite on a Boeing 777

Delta One is the airline’s premier enterprise class product, accessible on lengthy haul worldwide flights, in addition to transcontinental service from New York JFK to Los Angeles, San Francisco and Seattle/Tacoma.[80]

Delta One options lie-flat seating on all plane varieties, and direct aisle entry from each seat on all kinds besides the Boeing 757-200 (wherein solely a particular sub-fleet of roughly 20 plane characteristic lie-flats).[81] The Boeing 767-300ER and Boeing 767-400ER seats, designed by James Thompson, characteristic a space-saving design whereby the seats are staggered such that when within the totally flat place, the foot of every mattress extends below the armrests of the seat in entrance of it. Delta One cabins on the Boeing 777-200ER/LR fleet are configured in a herringbone structure, whereas Airbus A330 cabins (that includes the Cirrus flat-bed sleeper suite by Zodiac Seats U.S.) are configured in a reverse herringbone sample.[82]

All seats are additionally outfitted with a private, on demand in-flight-entertainment (IFE) system, common power-ports, a movable studying gentle, and a folding work desk. Passengers additionally obtain complimentary chef-curated meals, refreshments, alcoholic drinks, a Tumi Inc. amenity equipment, premium bedding, and pre-flight Sky Membership entry.[83]

In August 2016, Delta introduced the introduction of Delta One Suites on choose widebody fleets. The suites will characteristic a door to the aisle for enhanced privateness, in addition to improved cupboard space, a bigger IFE display, and up to date design. The suites rolled out on the Airbus A350 fleet, first delivered in July 2017, adopted by set up throughout the Boeing 777 fleet.[84][85]

Premium Choose

Delta Premium Choose on an Airbus A350-900

In April 2016, Delta CEO Ed Bastian introduced {that a} new Premium Economic system cabin shall be added. Since renamed to Premium Choose, this cabin will characteristic further legroom; adjustable leg rests; further seat pitch, width, and recline; and a brand new premium service. Delta launched it on its new Airbus A350, first delivered in fall 2017, to be adopted by the Boeing 777.[86] In October 2018, Delta introduced that they might be promoting First Class seats on domestically configured Boeing 757 plane flying transatlantic routes as Premium Choose.[87]

First Class

Top notch on a Delta A220-100

First Class is obtainable on mainline home flights (besides these that includes Delta One service), choose short- and medium-haul worldwide flights, and Delta Connection plane with greater than 50 seats. Seats vary from 18.5 to 20.75 inches (47.Zero to 52.7 cm) broad and have between 37 and 40 inches (94 and 102 cm) of pitch. Passengers on this class obtain a greater diversity of free snacks in comparison with Essential Cabin, in addition to free drinks and alcohol, and full meal service on flights 900 miles (1,400 km) and longer. Sure plane additionally characteristic energy ports at every seat and free leisure merchandise from Delta Studio. First Class passengers are additionally eligible for precedence boarding.[83]

Delta Consolation+

Delta Consolation+ on an Airbus A321

Delta Consolation+ seats are put in on all plane excluding Delta’s new A350s and have 34–36 inches (860–910 mm) of pitch; on all Delta One configured plane, 35–36 inches (890–910 mm) of pitch and 50 p.c extra recline over customary Essential Cabin seats.[88] Further facilities embody: Sky Precedence Boarding, devoted overhead house, complimentary beer, wine, and spirits on flights 250 miles (400 km) or extra, and complimentary premium snacks on flights 900 miles (1,400 km) or extra. Complimentary premium leisure is obtainable through Delta Studio, with free headsets accessible on most flights.[83] On transcontinental flights between JFK-LAX/SFO, Delta Consolation+ passengers additionally get Luvo snack wraps. Medallion members can improve from Essential Cabin to Consolation+ totally free, whereas different prospects can improve for a charge or with SkyMiles.[89]

Essential Cabin

Essential Cabin on an Airbus A350-900

Essential Cabin (Economic system Class) is obtainable on all plane with seats starting from 17 to 18 inches (43 to 46 cm) broad and 30 to 33 inches (76 to 84 cm) of pitch. The primary cabin on Boeing 737, 777, and chosen Boeing 757-200 and 767-300 plane have an articulating seat backside the place the seat backside strikes ahead along with the seat again tilting backwards when reclining.[citation needed][90]

Essential Cabin passengers obtain complimentary snacks and non-alcoholic drinks on all flights 250 miles (400 km) or longer. Alcoholic drinks are additionally accessible for buy. Complimentary meals and alcoholic drinks are offered on long-haul worldwide flights in addition to chosen transcontinental home flights, similar to between New York–JFK and Seattle, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and San Diego.[91][92] As a part of Delta’s Flight Gasoline purchase on board program, meals can be found for buy on different North American flights 900 miles (1,400 km) or longer.[91]

Delta operated a special purchase on board program between 2003 and 2005.[93][94] The earlier program had gadgets from differing suppliers, relying on the origin and vacation spot of the flight.[95][96] Costs ranged as much as $10 ($13.54 when adjusted for inflation). The airline began the service on a couple of chosen flights in July 2003, and the meal service was initially provided on 400 flights.[97] Delta ended this purchase on board program in 2005; as a substitute, Delta started providing snacks at no further cost on flights over 90 minutes to most U.S. home flights and a few flights to the Caribbean and Latin America. Starting in mid-March 2005 the airline deliberate to cease offering pillows on flights throughout the 48 contiguous U.S. states, Bermuda, Canada, the Caribbean, and Central America. As well as, the airline elevated the worth of alcoholic drinks on Delta mainline flights from $4 ($5.24 when adjusted for inflation) to $5 ($6.55 when adjusted for inflation); the rise in alcohol costs didn’t happen on Track flights.[97]

Primary Economic system

Primary Economic system is a fundamental model of Essential Cabin, providing the identical providers with fewer flexibility choices for a lower cost.[80] Examples of fewer flexibility choices embody no ticket adjustments, no paid or complimentary upgrades no matter frequent-flier standing, and solely having a seat assigned at check-in.[98]

On-board facilities

Wi-Fi

On August 5, 2008, Delta introduced it could be putting in the Aircell cellular broadband community, Gogo Inflight Web, which permits prospects touring with Wi-Fi enabled units, similar to laptops, smartphones, and tablets, to entry the Web for a charge. Gogo was initially provided on Delta’s fleet of McDonnell Douglas MD-88 and MD-90 plane however has expanded to the remaining home fleet, in addition to Delta Connection plane with a first-class cabin.[99]

Delta has the most important fleet of Wi-Fi outfitted plane on this planet.[100] The airline launched its first inflight Wi-Fi on worldwide routes to Tokyo from Los Angeles and Atlanta in March 2014, and said its intent to supply the service on all transoceanic flight routes by the top of 2015.[101] Despite the fact that Delta had introduced the retirement of its 747 fleet, all Delta 747s have been Wi-Fi outfitted earlier than their withdrawal. Delta is presently putting in Wi-Fi on the Boeing 777 fleet.[102]

In 2019, the corporate introduced plans to ultimately supply free Wi-Fi on all flights.[103][104]

In-flight leisure

Historical past

Within the 1960s, audio programming was launched the place passengers wore headphones consisting of hole tubes piping in music. These have been put in in some Delta plane. Some early wide-bodied plane, together with the Lockheed L-1011, Boeing 767-200, and Boeing 767-300 fleet, had films projected onto the cabin bulkhead. Additionally through the late 1980s and early 1990s, CRT displays over the aisles have been added to the 757 fleet, making them the primary narrowbody plane to characteristic video leisure. The MD-90 launched Delta’s first IFE system with LCD displays in 1995, and the 777 launched Delta’s first in-seat video system in 1999, initially utilizing the Rockwell Collins Complete Leisure System. Delta’s first all-digital IFE system with AVOD (Panasonic eFX) was first launched in 2003 on Delta’s former low-cost subsidiary, Track. The Rockwell Collins IFE system on the 777s was changed by the Panasonic eFX system in 2007, adopted by the Panasonic eX2 in 2011. The Panasonic eFX and eX2 techniques are trademarked by Delta as “Delta on Demand”.[105]

Within the spring of 2010, Delta put in the Panasonic eFX AVOD system in Economic system on six 767-300ERs which can be used on routes which can be 12 hours or longer.[106] Delta additionally introduced it could be putting in AVOD in Economic system class on all Boeing 767-300ER and 747 plane over the following Three years.[107]

On July 27, 2010, Delta introduced that it could be the launch buyer of the brand new eX2 AVOD system with the Eco 9i Built-in Good Monitor, a brand new ultra-lightweight IFE system by Panasonic Avionics Company and Zodiac Seats U.S.[108] The techniques have been put in on your complete 747-400 fleet as of October 2012, and are presently being put in on the 767-300ER fleet (apart from the six plane beforehand retrofitted with the eFX system in 2010).[109] A unique model of the Built-in Good Monitor developed by Panasonic Avionics Company and BE Aerospace was put in on the Airbus A330 fleet. These seats have been additionally put in on all Boeing 757-300, Boeing 737-900ER, Airbus A321 and choose Boeing 757-200 home plane, and changed the prevailing seats and displays on the worldwide Boeing 757-200 fleet. The earlier seats on the worldwide 757-200 fleet have been positioned on choose home 757-200 plane, primarily ones flying between Hawaii and the U.S. mainland.

In 2012, Delta started changing the overhead CRT displays on the pre-merger Delta 757-200 fleet with new LCD displays.[110] This was accomplished in late 2012.

The 767-400ER fleet initially featured LCDs over the aisles, however have been changed in 2009 by the Panasonic eFX AVOD system when the final of the 767-400ERs have been transformed from home to worldwide use. CRT projectors have been initially featured in economic system class on Boeing 767-300s, with the worldwide 767-300ERs additionally that includes ceiling-mounted CRT shows over the aisles, which have since changed by LCD displays, and are actually within the technique of being transformed to the eFX2 AVOD system.

When Delta’s ex-TWA ETOPS 757s have been first delivered, they featured a system made by Sony Transcom (a former subsidiary of Sony now offered to Rockwell Collins) system that was manufacturing facility put in for TWA. The system featured overhead drop-down LCD displays much like Delta’s non-Transcon 737-800s and 757-300s. Delta changed the Sony Transcom system with the Panasonic eFX system that includes in-seat video and AVOD concurrently the brand new BusinessElite seats and slimline economic system class seats have been put in.[111]

Present fleet

Many in line airplanes with the Delta Air Lines logo on the tail, parked on the pavement behind a fence.

Audio and video can be found on all plane apart from the Boeing 717 and Delta Connection plane. Boeing 777-200ER, 777-200LR, together with 767-300 and A330 plane which have accomplished cabin modifications, characteristic the Panasonic eX2 system. In comparison with the older eFX system, this gives larger storage capability, in addition to lighter and bigger private video screens.[112]Boeing 767-400ER plane, chosen 757-200 plane, in addition to the remaining internationally configured Boeing 767-300ER plane that haven’t accomplished cabin modifications, use the Panasonic eFX AVOD system.

Home Boeing 767-300s, Boeing 737-700s, in addition to chosen transcontinental Boeing 757-200s and chosen Boeing 737-800s utilizing the Panasonic eFX system, additionally characteristic reside tv through Dish Community in each firstclass and economic system. Some Boeing 737-800s, in addition to all Boeing 757-300s characteristic techniques with drop-down LCD shows under the overhead bins.[113]

All plane with AVOD, apart from the A220 (previously CSeries), characteristic Panasonic’s iXplor transferring map program. 737-800s with overhead video and the coach sections of 767-300ER plane with overhead video characteristic the Rockwell Collins Airshow transferring map, which is commonly proven throughout takeoff and touchdown. Different plane previously outfitted with the Rockwell Collins Airshow transferring map included the Lockheed L-1011-250 and -500, MD-11, and Boeing 767-400ER and 777-200ER. The L-1011 and MD-11 fleet have since been retired, whereas the 767-400ER and 777-200ER have since had their Airshow techniques changed by the Panasonic iXplor system constructed into the eFX and eX2 AVOD techniques.

Delta Sky Journal

Delta Sky Journal and its on-line version is an airline journal revealed by MSP Communications in Minneapolis, Minnesota. It’s accessible in each seat on all routes.[114]

Reward packages

SkyMiles

SkyMiles is the frequent flyer program for Delta Air Strains. Miles don’t expire however accounts could also be deactivated by Delta in sure circumstances, such because the loss of life of a program member or fraudulent exercise.[115]

Delta Sky Membership

Delta Sky Membership is the branding identify of Delta’s airport lounges. Membership is obtainable by way of an annual membership that may be bought with both cash or miles. Worldwide passengers touring in Delta One class get free entry. Membership may also be granted by way of top-level Delta standing or by being an American Specific cardholder with sure exceptions. As of January 2019, Delta now not gives single day passes.[116]

Options range by location however typically embody free drinks (together with alcoholic drinks), snacks, and studying materials. Wi-Fi is free for members and friends and is generally offered within the US by AT&T.

Initially, Delta’s membership-based airport golf equipment have been known as Crown Room lounges, with Northwest’s known as WorldClubs.

SkyBonus

On November 27, 2001, Delta Air Strains launched SkyBonus,[117] a program aimed towards small-to-medium companies spending between $5,000 and $500,000 yearly on air journey.[118] Companies can earn factors towards free journey and upgrades, in addition to Sky Membership memberships and SkyMiles Silver Medallion standing. Factors are earned on paid journey primarily based on a wide range of fare quantity paid, reserving code, and place origin or vacation spot.[119] Whereas enrolled companies are capable of earn factors towards free journey, the travelling passenger remains to be eligible to earn SkyMiles throughout his or her journey.[119]

In early 2010, Delta Air Strains merged its SkyBonus program with Northwest’s related Biz Perks program.[119]

Company affairs

Funds

For the fiscal 12 months 2018, Delta Air Strains reported earnings of US$5.1 billion, with an annual income of US$44.438 billion, a rise of 8.02% over the earlier fiscal cycle. Its shares traded at over $48 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at over US$39.182 billion in April 2019.[120]

Monetary info for Delta, by 12 months
Yr Income
in mil. USD$
Web earnings
in mil. USD$
Complete property
in mil. USD$
Worth per share
in USD$
Staff Refs.
2005 16,480 −3,836 20,039 [121]
2006 17,532 −6,205 19,622 [122]
2007 19,154 1,612 32,423 [123]
2008 22,697 −8,922 45,084 8.76 [124]
2009 28,063 −1,237 43,789 6.97 [125]
2010 31,755 593 43,188 11.66 [126]
2011 35,115 854 43,499 8.59 [127]
2012 36,670 1,009 44,550 9.321 [128]
2013 37,773 10,540 52,252 18.53 78,000 [129]
2014 40,362 659 54,005 35.12 80,000 [130]
2015 40,704 4,526 53,134 43.42 83,000 [131]
2016 39,639 4,373 51,261 41.11 84,000 [132]
2017 41,244 3,577 53,292 48.52 87,000 [133]
2018 44,438 3,935 60,270 47.83 89,000 [134][135]

Personnel

Between its mainline operation and subsidiaries, and as of March 2015, Delta employs practically 80,000 folks.[9]Ed Bastian is the present Chief Govt Officer and has served on this place since Might 2, 2016.[136]Joanne Smith is Govt Vice President and Chief Human Sources Officer liable for the oversight and assist of personnel wants at Delta. She was appointed on October 1, 2014, changing Mike Campbell.[137]

Delta’s 14,500 mainline pilots are represented by the Air Line Pilots Affiliation, Worldwide and are the union’s largest pilot group.[138][139] The corporate’s roughly 180 flight dispatchers are represented by the Skilled Airline Flight Management Affiliation (PAFCA).[140] Not counting the pilots and flight dispatchers, Delta is the one one of many 5 largest airways in america, and one in all solely two within the high 9 (the opposite being JetBlue), whose non-pilot USA home employees is totally non-union.[138] In August 2020, on account of the Covid-19 pandemic, Delta Airways introduced that they are going to be reducing 1,941 pilot job positions if they can not attain value discount cope with its union.[141]

Delta World Staffing

Delta World Staffing (DGS) was a short lived employment agency situated in Atlanta, Georgia. Delta World Staffing was an entirely owned subsidiary of Delta Air Strains, Inc. and a division of the interior firm DAL World Providers.

Delta Air Strains offered majority possession of DAL World Providers to Argenbright Holdings on December 21, 2018. As a part of the sale, Delta dissolved the staffing division of DGS. [142]

It was based in 1995 as a supplier of non permanent staffing for Delta primarily in Atlanta. DGS has since expanded to incorporate prospects and companies exterior the airline and aviation industries. DGS now helps prospects in main US metropolitan areas.

Delta World Staffing offered contract employees for brief and long run assignments, VMS partnering, VOP on-site administration, temp-to-hire, direct placements, and payroll providers. DGS providers markets similar to name facilities, buyer providers and administrative placements, IT & skilled recruiting, logistics, finance & accounting, hospitality, and aviation/airline business. [143]

Delta Air Strains headquarters in Atlanta

Headquarters and workplaces

Delta’s company headquarters is situated on a company campus on the northern boundary of Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta Worldwide Airport, throughout the metropolis limits of Atlanta.[144][145][146] This location has served as Delta’s headquarters since 1941, when the corporate relocated its company workplaces from Monroe, Louisiana to Higher Atlanta.[147][148] The crop dusting division of Delta remained headquartered in Monroe till Delta ceased crop dusting in 1966.[1] Earlier than 1981, the Delta company campus, an 80-acre (32 ha) plot of land in proximity to the outdated Hartsfield Airport terminal, was exterior the Metropolis of Atlanta limits in unincorporated Fulton County. On August 3, 1981, the Atlanta Metropolis Council accredited the annexation of 141 acres (57 ha) of land, an space containing the Delta headquarters. As of 1981 Delta would have needed to start paying $200,000 yearly to the Metropolis of Atlanta in taxes. In September 1981, the airline sued the town, difficult the annexation on the idea of the constitutionality of the 1960 Metropolis of Atlanta annexation of the Hartsfield outdated terminal.[149] The Metropolis of Atlanta was solely permitted to annex areas which can be adjoining to areas already within the Atlanta metropolis limits.[149]

Along with internet hosting Delta’s company headquarters, Hartsfield-Jackson can be the house of Delta TechOps, the airline’s main upkeep, restore, and overhaul arm and the most important full-service airline MRO in North America, specializing in engines, elements, airframe, and line upkeep.[150]

Delta maintains a big presence within the Twin Cities, with over 12,000 workers[151] within the area in addition to important company assist features housed within the Minneapolis space, together with the corporate’s info know-how divisional workplaces.[152]

Company identification

An Airbus A330-300 painted in Delta’s present livery, “Upward & Onward”

Delta’s emblem, usually known as the “widget”, was initially unveiled in 1959. Its triangle form is taken from the Greek letter delta, and remembers the airline’s origins within the Mississippi Delta.[153] Additionally it is stated to be harking back to the swept-wing design of the DC-8, Delta’s first jet plane.[154]

Delta’s present livery is named “Upward & Onward”. It includes a white fuselage with the corporate’s identify in blue lettering and a widget on the vertical stabilizer. Delta launched its present livery in 2007 as a part of a re-branding after it emerged from chapter. The brand new livery consists of 4 colours, whereas the outdated one (known as “colours in movement”) used eight. This meant the change saved the airline cash by eradicating someday from every plane’s portray cycle. The airline took 4 years to repaint all of its plane into the present scheme, together with plane inherited from Northwest Airways.[153]

Environmental initiatives

In 2008, Delta Air Strains was given an award from america Environmental Safety Company’s Design for the Setting (DfE) program for his or her use of PreKote, a extra environmentally pleasant, non-hexavalent chromium floor pretreatment on its plane, changing hazardous chemical substances previously used to enhance paint adhesion and forestall corrosion. As well as, PreKote reduces water utilization by two-thirds and reduces wastewater remedy.

PreKote can be saving cash by lowering the time wanted to color every airplane. With time financial savings of eight to 10 p.c, it can save an estimated greater than $1 million yearly.[155]

In well-liked tradition

Deltalina

As a part of the re-branding mission, a security video that includes a flight attendant confirmed up on YouTube in early 2008, getting over 1 million views and the eye of reports shops, particularly for the video’s tone blended with the intense security message. The flight attendant, Katherine Lee, was dubbed “Deltalina” by a member of FlyerTalk for her resemblance to Angelina Jolie.[156][157] Delta had thought of a number of kinds for its present security video, together with animation, earlier than choosing a video presenting a flight attendant chatting with the viewers. The video was filmed on a former Track Airways Boeing 757-200.[158]

Accidents and incidents

The next are main accidents and incidents that occurred on Delta mainline plane. For Northwest Airways incidents, see Northwest Airways accidents and incidents. For Delta Connection incidents, see Delta Connection incidents and accidents.

Delta Air Strains reported incidents
Flight Date Plane Location Description Accidents
Deadly Critical Minor Unhurt Floor
4[159] August 14, 1935 Stinson Mannequin A Gilmer, Texas En path to Shreveport, Louisiana, the left engine was ripped off of the plane on account of a propeller blade failure. The pilot tried to make an emergency touchdown in a cotton discipline, however misplaced management and crashed. 4 0 0 0 0
N/A[160] April 22, 1947 Douglas DC-3 Columbus, Georgia A Vultee BT-13, owned by the Tuskegee Aviation Institute, landed on high of a Delta DC-3, which was flying from Macon to Columbus. 9 (Eight on DC-3) 0 0 0 0
705[161] March 10, 1948 DC-4 Chicago Crashed close to Chicago Municipal (Halfway) Airport shortly after takeoff whereas en path to Miami. Officers decided that longitudinal management of the airplane was misplaced ensuing within the crash. The trigger for the lack of management stays undetermined. 12 1 0 0 0
318[162] Might 17, 1953 DC-3 Marshall, Texas Crashed 13 miles (21 km) east of Marshall, Texas. The flight, which originated from Dallas Love Subject, was on strategy to Shreveport, Louisiana. The crash was attributed to adversarial climate circumstances with a thunderstorm within the space. 19 1 0 0 0
1903 Might 23, 1960 Convair 880 Atlanta Crashed throughout a coaching train in Atlanta. The plane stalled and crashed killing all 4 crew members. 4 0 0 0 0
9877[163] March 30, 1967 DC-8 New Orleans Crashed throughout a coaching train close to New Orleans. The improper use of flight and energy controls by each teacher and the Captain-trainee throughout a simulated two-engine out touchdown strategy, resulted within the lack of management. The plane crashed right into a residential space, destroying a number of properties and a motel advanced and killing 13 folks on the bottom.[164] 6 0 0 0 13
9570[165] Might 30, 1972 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Fort Value, Texas A coaching train, crashed throughout touchdown procedures in Fort Value, Texas. The possible reason behind the accident was wake turbulence ensuing from a touch-and-go touchdown moments earlier than of American Airways Flight 1114, operated utilizing a DC-10. The fitting wing hit the bottom inflicting a fireplace ensuing within the plane being written off. 4 0 0 0 0
954[166] December 20, 1972 Convair 880 Chicago The Delta CV-880 taxied throughout runway 27L in heavy fog. On the similar time, North Central Airways Flight 575, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31, took off from the identical runway. The plane collided. 10 (all on DC-9-31) 0 17 (severity unknown) 101 0
723 July 31, 1973 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Boston Crashed right into a seawall. Contributing to the accident was a faulty flight deck instrument giving the crew deceptive steering through the instrument strategy in visibility lower than a half mile with 500-foot (150 m) cloud ceilings. 89 occupants died together with Leopold Chouinard, who died from burns months after the accident, leaving no survivors.[167][168] 89 0 0 0 0
516[169] November 27, 1973 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Chattanooga Crashed into strategy lights throughout a thunderstorm.[170] 0 4 75 0 0
1080 April 12, 1977 Lockheed L-1011 Tristar Los Angeles Emergency touchdown at Los Angeles Worldwide Airport on account of a jammed stabilizer throughout a flight from San Diego Worldwide Airport. The reason for the incident was an absence of greasing on account of a excessive quantity of water coming into the metallic bearings attributable to climate components. All 52 passengers and crew on board survived.[171] 0 0 0 All 0
191 August 2, 1985 Lockheed L-1011 Tristar Dallas–Fort Value On a Fort Lauderdale–Dallas/Fort Value- Los Angeles route, the aircraft crashed on account of extreme microburst-induced wind shear. One individual on the bottom was killed because the aircraft crossed a freeway. The crash would later turn into the topic of a tv film. Quite a few adjustments to pilot wind shear coaching, climate forecasting, and wind shear detection have been made on account of this crash.[172] 136 13 13 2 1
37[173] July 8, 1987 Lockheed L-1011 North Atlantic Ocean Close to collision with a Continental Airways 747 carrying 418 passengers and crew. Each the Delta (London-Cincinnati) and Continental (London-Newark) have been heading to the U.S. with practically 600 folks whole on each plane. The Delta flight strayed 60 miles (97 km) off track to the south from its assigned “C” monitor throughout its flight and got here inside 30 ft (9.1 m) of colliding with the 747 because the L-1011 flew below it in Canadian airspace, flying on the “D” monitor (there are 5 westbound and 5 eastbound tracks from america to the UK). 0 0 0 All 0
1141 August 31, 1988 Boeing 727 Dallas–Fort Value Crashed after takeoff sure for Salt Lake Metropolis, Utah. The investigation said the possible reason behind this accident to be improper configuration of the flaps and forefront slats. 14 26 50 18 0
157[174] August 23, 1995 Lockheed L-1011 TriStar Mid Pacific en route LAX-HNL Rear bulkhead separation at 33,000 ft ensuing from insufficient airframe certification and approval. Pilot descended to 14,000 ft and returned safely to LAX. Broken past restore. Bought to Lockheed for growing old airframe analysis.[175] 0 0 0 All 0
1288[176] July 6, 1996 MD-88 Pensacola An uncontained engine failure of the port (left) engine on the plane resulted in a fan hub piercing the cabin. The flight was scheduled to fly to Atlanta. The plane concerned on this accident, N927DA, was repaired and returned to service. The plane was retired on August 10, 2018.[177] 2 2 3 135 0
1989[178][179] September 11, 2001 Boeing 767-300 En route from Boston Flight 1989, sure for Los Angeles Worldwide Airport was caught within the path of United Airways Flight 93. The 2 plane have been so shut that ATC have been initially confused as to which aircraft had been hijacked. The Delta pilot managed to keep away from United 93 and the flight was later diverted to Cleveland Hopkins Worldwide Airport.[179] 0 0 0 All 0
129[180] February 3, 2002 McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Dublin Flight 129 from Atlanta skidded off the runway at Dublin Airport in excessive winds. The port engine of MD-11 N803DE had extreme injury.[181] 0 0 0 All 0
1086 March 5, 2015 McDonnell Douglas MD-88 LaGuardia Airport Whereas touchdown in heavy snowfall, Flight 1086 from Atlanta departed the left facet of runway whereas touring roughly 100 mph (160 km/h), coming to relaxation practically perpendicular to the runway with its nostril on an embankment beside the waters of Flushing Bay. The accident resulted in injury to the plane’s left wing (together with a gasoline leak), nostril touchdown gear properly, predominant electronics bay, nostril radome/climate radar, and undercarriage injury ahead of the entrance doorways. The plane’s braking system and situation of the runway floor are being thought of as doable causes of the incident.[182][183] 0 0 23 109 0
159 June 16, 2015 Boeing 747-400 Over Chinese language airspace Flight 159 from Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport to Incheon Worldwide Airport was over Chinese language airspace when the plane flew by way of a extreme hailstorm. This resulted in substantial injury to the plane’s radome, wing, and tail aircraft.[184][185] The plane was written off on account of its age and since Delta had already begun retiring its Boeing 747-400 fleet.[186] Short-term repairs have been made and the plane was ferried from Seoul to Pinal Airpark in Marana, Arizona. 0 0 0 All 0
89 January 14, 2020 Boeing 777-200 South Los Angeles Flight 89 from Los Angeles Worldwide Airport to Shanghai Pudong Worldwide Airport reported an issue when one in all its engines skilled a compressor stall shortly after takeoff. The aircraft turned again and dumped gasoline over a five-mile portion of the Los Angeles county space, inflicting 56 accidents on the bottom.[187] The aircraft made a secure emergency touchdown at LAX with no accidents. 0 0 0 All 56
  • The tried bombing of Northwest Airways Flight 253 on December 25, 2009, occurred 4 days earlier than the working certificates of Northwest and Delta have been mixed (December 31, 2009). The plane concerned within the incident was in Delta livery and reported in some early information experiences as “Delta Flight 253.”[188]

Hijackings

There have been over a dozen tried hijackings that resulted in no accidents and the give up of the customarily lone hijacker. These incidents should not included. The next are notable hijackings due to fatalities or success in forcing the plane to fly to a different nation:

  • On February 21, 1968, a Delta DC-Eight was hijacked to Havana, Cuba. This was the primary profitable hijacking to Cuba from the U.S. since 1961,[citation needed] and was the beginning of a number of hijacking makes an attempt to Cuba within the late 1960s. This coincided with the introduction of passenger screening utilizing metallic detectors in U.S. airports beginning within the late 1960s.
  • On July 31, 1972, Delta Flight 841, a Detroit to Miami DC-Eight flight, was hijacked to Algiers, Algeria by Eight hijackers. The plane stopped in Boston to choose up a global navigator. The flight was allowed to return with passengers to the U.S., stopping in Barcelona for refueling.[189][190]
  • On February 22, 1974, Samuel Byck, an unemployed tire salesman from Pennsylvania, shot and killed an Aviation Police Officer, then stormed aboard Delta Air Strains Flight 523, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9 flight at Baltimore Friendship Airport (now Baltimore–Washington Worldwide Airport) scheduled to fly to Atlanta, and shot each pilots, killing the First Officer, Fred Jones. He meant to crash the aircraft into the White Home.[191] After taking pictures the pilots, the hijacker grabbed a passenger and demanded that she fly the plane.[192] The passengers in the meantime fled the plane. The hijacking try ended when, after a standoff with police, Byck was shot twice by way of an plane porthole by a Maryland policeman, severely wounding him. Earlier than police stormed the aircraft, Byck killed himself. The aircraft by no means left the gate throughout this incident.
  • On August 23, 1980, a Delta Air Strains L-1011 on a San Juan to Los Angeles flight was hijacked and flown to Cuba.[193] The hijacker was jailed by Cuban authorities, and all passengers have been launched unhurt.
  • On September 13, 1980, a Delta Air Strains New Orleans to Atlanta flight was taken over by two hijackers and compelled to fly to Cuba. The flight continued to Atlanta after stopping in Havana. The hijackers have been imprisoned by Cuban authorities. One hijacker was launched and later sought US residency. The suspect was later arrested by US authorities in 2002[194] and sentenced to 10 years in jail the next 12 months.[195]
  • Further hijackings that resulted in no accidents and the flight touchdown in Cuba embody March 28, 1984 (Delta 357, a 727, New Orleans-Dallas),[196] August 18, 1983 (Delta 784, a 727, Miami-Tampa),[197] July 17, 1983 (Delta 722, a 727, Miami-Tampa),[198] and June 11, 1979 (Delta 1061, a L-1011, New York LaGuardia-Fort Lauderdale).[199]

See additionally

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e Homosexual, Charles (April 23, 2016). “Delta’s journey: A timeline”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 17, 2019. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  2. ^ Norwood, Tom; Wegg, John (2002). North American Airways Handbook (third ed.). Sandpoint, Idaho: Airways Worldwide. p. 40. ISBN 0-9653993-8-9.
  3. ^ a b “Airline Certificates Info – Element View”. av-info.faa.gov. Federal Aviation Administration. September 30, 1988. Archived from the unique on June 8, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2007. Certificates Quantity DALA026A
  4. ^ “Delta Non-public Jets”. Delta Non-public Jets. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  5. ^ Petchenik, Ian (March 15, 2020). “Delta begins storing its fleet”. Flightradar24. Archived from the unique on March 18, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  6. ^ a b “Delta Air Strains Fleet Particulars and Historical past”. www.planespotters.internet. September 27, 2020. Archived from the unique on August 6, 2017. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
  7. ^ “Offers & Locations”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 27, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  8. ^ “US SEC: 2019 Type 10-Ok Delta Air Strains, Inc”. U.S. Securities and Change Fee. February 13, 2020. Archived from the unique on April 21, 2020. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g “Company Stats and Info”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on August 1, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015.
  10. ^ “Fortune 500: Delta Airways”. Fortune. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  11. ^ “Company Info”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  12. ^ a b “Founding”. www.deltamuseum.org. Archived from the unique on October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  13. ^ “Huff Daland Duster, 1925-ca.1948”. www.deltamuseum.org. Archived from the unique on October 2, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  14. ^ Lewis and Newton (1979). Delta: The Historical past of an Airline. Athens, Ga.: College of Georgia Press. pp. 20–21.
  15. ^ “C.E. Woolman”. Delta Flight Museum. Archived from the unique on April 14, 2019.
  16. ^ “Founder’s imaginative and prescient resonates at present”. Delta Air Strains. August 19, 2015. Archived from the unique on July 5, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  17. ^ a b “First Flights”. www.deltamuseum.org. Archived from the unique on October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  18. ^ Lewis and Newton (1979). Delta: The Historical past of an Airline. Athens, Ga.: College of Georgia Press. pp. 28–29, 43.
  19. ^ “Historic Aerospace Website: Delta Air Strains Headquarters, Atlanta, Georgia” (PDF). American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Archived (PDF) from the unique on October 1, 2019.
  20. ^ “1940s”. www.deltamuseum.org. Archived from the unique on October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  21. ^ “Chicago & Southern Air Strains”. www.deltamuseum.org. Archived from the unique on April 28, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  22. ^ Delta Flight Museum. “Delta Timeline”. www.deltamuseum.org. Archived from the unique on April 14, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  23. ^ “1990s-Delta Historical past”. Delta Flight Museum. Archived from the unique on Might 13, 2019. Retrieved Might 13, 2019.
  24. ^ Ramos, Rachel Tobin (September 14, 2005). “Delta information for Chapter 11 chapter”. American Metropolis Enterprise Journals.
  25. ^ Isidore, Chris (September 15, 2005). “Delta Air Strains information for chapter”. CNN. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  26. ^ Tempo, Gina (September 14, 2005). “Delta Recordsdata For Chapter”. CBS Information. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  27. ^ Reiter, Chris (April 30, 2007). “Delta exits chapter after 19-month restructuring”. Reuters. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  28. ^ Lagorce, Aude; Cassidy, Padraic (April 30, 2007). “Delta Air Strains exits chapter”. Marketwatch. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  29. ^ Isidore, Chris (April 30, 2007). “Delta exits chapter with planes full”. CNN. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  30. ^ Heslin, Rebecca (December 31, 2009). “Delta, Northwest accredited to fly below single working certificates”. USA At the moment. Archived from the unique on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  31. ^ Jad Mouawad (Might 18, 2011). “Delta-Northwest Merger’s Lengthy and Advanced Path”. The New York Occasions. Archived from the unique on March 31, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  32. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the unique on July 30, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (hyperlink)
  33. ^ MCARDLE, MOLLY (February 23, 2018). “The place Vacationers Can Discover Delta Air Strains Hubs”. Journey + Leisure. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  34. ^ Yamanouchi, Kelly (December 17, 2015). “Delta says Atlanta hub is world’s most worthwhile, poised for development”. The Atlanta Journal-Structure. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  35. ^ “Delta Launches Seattle-Hong Kong, and Seattle Hub – June 17, 2014”. airchive.com. Archived from the unique on June 21, 2014. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  36. ^ “2000”. SkyTeam. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  37. ^ “FLIGHT PARTNERS”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on August 22, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  38. ^ “Profile on Delta Air Strains”. CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the unique on October 30, 2016. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  39. ^ Liu, Jim (September 20, 2017). “Delta resumes Aeroflot home Russia codeshares from Sep 2017”. Routesonline. Archived from the unique on September 20, 2017. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
  40. ^ Lora, Sarah (November 30, 2015). “Delta, Aerolíneas Argentinas partnership launches”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  41. ^ “Delta – Aeromexico Joint Cooperation Settlement”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  42. ^ Lora, Sarah (June 19, 2018). “Expanded Delta-GOL codeshare connects Florida to Brasilia and Fortaleza”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  43. ^ Cullis, Olivia (August 15, 2018). “Delta Air Strains and Kenya Airways increase connectivity between U.S. and Africa”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  44. ^ “Delta and Korean Air improve codeshare flights within the U.S.” Delta Air Strains. June 1, 2018. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  45. ^ Lora, Sarah (July 18, 2016). “Delta & Seaborne codeshare expands journey choices to U.S., Caribbean”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  46. ^ Egerton, Debbie (March 2, 2016). “Delta settlement with Transavia opens new locations”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  47. ^ “Delta Welcomes Vietnam Airways into SkyTeam Alliance”. Delta Air Strains. June 10, 2010. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  48. ^ “VIRGIN ATLANTIC PARTNERSHIP FAQS”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  49. ^ Egerton, Debbie (July 18, 2018). “Delta and WestJet to create new transborder three way partnership”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  50. ^ Russell, Edward (Might 9, 2017). “Aeromexico and Delta launch long-sought three way partnership”. Flightglobal. Archived from the unique on December 29, 2018. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
  51. ^ “EU launches antitrust probe into SkyTeam airline alliance”. Deutsche Welle. January 27, 2012. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  52. ^ TIMES, The STAT TRADE. “Delta, Korean Air to collectively improve stomach cargo alliance throughout trans-Pacific | Air Cargo”. www.stattimes.com. Archived from the unique on April 3, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  53. ^ “Delta and Korean Air to launch three way partnership partnership”. AviTrader Aviation Information. March 29, 2018. Archived from the unique on April 3, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  54. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the unique on September 26, 2019. Retrieved September 26, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (hyperlink)
  55. ^ Christoff, Janeen (December 30, 2019). “Delta Completes Buy of 20 P.c Stake in LATAM”. TravelPulse. Archived from the unique on February 15, 2020. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
  56. ^ “Delta and Virgin Atlantic To Type Strategic Alliance”. Delta Air Strains. December 11, 2012. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  57. ^ “Delta Air Strains and Virgin Atlantic Airways Welcome U.S. Division of Transportation choice to grant Antitrust Immunity”. Delta Air Strains. September 23, 2013. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  58. ^ Ranson, Lori (December 17, 2011). “Delta prepares for full narrowbody evaluation in early 2011”. Flight Worldwide. Reed Enterprise Info. Archived from the unique on December 20, 2010. Retrieved January 15, 2011. …Delta president Ed Bastian stated: “We clearly have to get the DC-9s retired. We clearly have to begin to construct a replenishment technique for our older MD-88s and a few of our Airbus slim our bodies in addition to the [Boeing] 757-200s.
  59. ^ “Delta to cap its narrowbody order at 100 737-900ERs”. Flightglobal. Air Transport Intelligence information. August 22, 2011. Archived from the unique on November 5, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
  60. ^ Credeur, Mary Jane; Osse, Jose Sergio (August 25, 2011). “Delta Mentioned to Defer Order of 100 Small Slim-Physique Jets to 2012”. Bloomberg Information. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  61. ^ Schlangenstein, Mary (September 30, 2013). “Delta Mixes Outdated, New Jets in CEO’s Value-Reducing Fleet Plan”. Bloomberg Information. Archived from the unique on October 17, 2016. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  62. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (October 25, 2013). “Now Flying For Delta: The Boeing 717”. USA At the moment. Archived from the unique on July 10, 2017. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
  63. ^ “Finish of an Period: Delta’s DC-9 Completes Ultimate Scheduled Flight”. Airways. January 6, 2014. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  64. ^ Patterson, Thom (January 11, 2014). “Final days of the DC-9: The jet that related America”. CNN. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  65. ^ Evans, Pete (April 28, 2016). “Delta shopping for 75 Bombardier CSeries jets, with choices for 50 extra”. CBC Information. Archived from the unique on August 28, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  66. ^ “Delta Air Strains and Bombardier Signal Largest C Sequence order for as much as 125 Plane” (Press launch). Bombardier. April 28, 2016. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  67. ^ “Delta expands A220 order e-book by 5 plane to 95 whole; TechOps indicators MOU for A220 Flight Hour Providers”. Delta Information Hub. Archived from the unique on August 15, 2019. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  68. ^ Negroni, Christine (August 1, 2014). “Delta to Let 4 747s Fly Out of the Fleet”. HuffPost. Archived from the unique on August 5, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  69. ^ “Delta CEO: Boeing 747s shall be retired by 2017”. USA At the moment. October 16, 2014. Archived from the unique on August 23, 2017. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
  70. ^ “Company Info: Plane Fleet & Investor Relations”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on April 18, 2017. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
  71. ^ “Delta launches A330-900neo service, bringing premium merchandise and repair to extra prospects in Seattle and past”. Delta Information Hub. Archived from the unique on August 15, 2019. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  72. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (January 4, 2018). “Delta Air Strains sends its final Boeing 747 to Arizona ‘boneyard“. USA At the moment. Archived from the unique on January 24, 2018. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  73. ^ “Ultimate 747 flight now scheduled for Monday”. Delta Air Strains. December 17, 2017. Archived from the unique on August 1, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  74. ^ Edward Russell (December 14, 2017). “Delta picks A321neo for narrowbody alternative”. Flightglobal. Archived from the unique on December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  75. ^ “Ed Bastian memo: Delta taking further steps to guard our future”. Delta Information Hub. Retrieved Might 28, 2020.
  76. ^ “By the numbers: A closing salute to Delta’s MD-88 and MD-90 ‘Mad Canines“. Delta Information Hub. June 1, 2020.
  77. ^ “Delta’s 777 plane to retire by finish of 2020, simplifying widebody fleet amid COVID-19”. Delta Information Hub. Might 14, 2020.
  78. ^ “Delta Air Strains Broadcasts June Quarter Monetary Outcomes and Replace on COVID-19 Response Actions”. Delta Investor Relations. July 14, 2020. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  79. ^ “SEC filings particulars”. September 25, 2020.
  80. ^ a b c “Delta gives redefined cabin, premium amenity choices”. Delta Air Strains. December 8, 2014. Archived from the unique on October 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  81. ^ “Boeing 757-200 Plane Seat Maps, Specs & Facilities : Delta Air Strains”. www.delta.com. Archived from the unique on April 2, 2019. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  82. ^ “Delta Revitalizing Boeing 747-400 Fleet with New Interiors”. Multivu.prnewswire.com. September 2, 2010. Archived from the unique on April 25, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  83. ^ a b c “Buyer Expertise Truth Sheet”. Delta Air Strains. October 6, 2017. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  84. ^ Savadelis, Liz (August 16, 2016). “World’s first all-suite enterprise class launched in Delta One”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  85. ^ Thomas, Michael (July 13, 2017). “Delta takes supply of first flagship Airbus A350-900”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on August 1, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  86. ^ Savadelis, Liz (November 3, 2016). “Delta Premium Choose to debut in 2017”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 29, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  87. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the unique on December 4, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (hyperlink)
  88. ^ “It is Easy, Plus Means Extra”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 28, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  89. ^ “DELTA COMFORT+ FAQS”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  90. ^ “Delta to Put money into Buyer Expertise, Fleet Effectivity”. Information.delta.com. January 25, 2010. Archived from the unique on July 16, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  91. ^ a b “Economic system Class Flights: Essential Cabin”. Delta.com. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on Might 13, 2017. Retrieved Might 20, 2017.
  92. ^ Simmons, Catherine (February 16, 2017). “Delta debuts free Essential Cabin meals in 12 markets”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  93. ^ Alexander, Keith L. “Passengers discover buy-on-board meals onerous to digest – Airways are beginning to feed fliers once more.” San Francisco Chronicle. Sunday March 27, 2005. Archived January 3, 2009, on the Wayback Machine
  94. ^ Morales, Tatiana. “Purchase On-Board Meals? Archived December 12, 2008, on the Wayback Machine.” The Early Present/CBS Information. July 7, 2003. Retrieved on September 16, 2009.
  95. ^ “Meals Gross sales Check.” Delta Air Strains. October 2, 2003. Retrieved on September 16, 2009.
  96. ^ “Meals Gross sales.” Delta Air Strains. February 18, 2004. Retrieved on September 16, 2009.
  97. ^ a b “Delta restoring free meals service Archived January 2, 2015, on the Wayback Machine.” Related Press at The Honolulu Advertiser. March 10, 2005. Retrieved on December 31, 2012.
  98. ^ “Primary Economic system : Delta Air Strains”. Archived from the unique on April 8, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  99. ^ “Delta Air Strains provides Wi-Fi on regional jets”. American Metropolis Enterprise Journals. November 29, 2010. Archived from the unique on September 21, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  100. ^ Swartz, Jon (February 1, 2011). “Airways Provide Free In-Flight Fb”. USA At the moment. Archived from the unique on February 18, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
  101. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (March 26, 2014). “Delta debuts worldwide Wi-Fi on its Boeing 747s”. USA At the moment. Archived from the unique on July 10, 2017. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
  102. ^ “Delta Wi-Fi throughout trans-Atlantic fleet will get prospects on-line”. February 3, 2016. Archived from the unique on April 11, 2016. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  103. ^ Sider, Alison (Might 9, 2019). “Delta to Check Free Wi-Fi on Home Flights”. The Wall Road Journal. Archived from the unique on July 15, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  104. ^ RIZZO, CAILEY (March 13, 2019). “Delta Is Planning to Have Free Wi-Fi on Flights”. Journey + Leisure. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  105. ^ “Delta Brings Award-Profitable In-Flight Expertise from the Skies to the New “SKY360° by Delta” in New York Metropolis”. Delta Air Strains. October 2, 2007.
  106. ^ “767 Worldwide Fleet seating replace”. Flyertalk.com. Archived from the unique on July 23, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  107. ^ “Delta to Put money into Buyer Expertise, Fleet Effectivity” (Press launch). PR Newswire. January 25, 2010. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  108. ^ “BREAKING: Delta Air Strains to launch Panasonic’s Fusion (Good!!!)”. Flight Worldwide. Archived from the unique on July 30, 2010. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  109. ^ “Delta to launch built-in IFEC/seat from Panasonic, Weber”. Flight Worldwide. Archived from the unique on November 2, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  110. ^ “No PTVs for normal PMDL 752s, new LCDs as a substitute”. Flyertalk.com. Archived from the unique on March 28, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  111. ^ Chris Babb (September 2, 2007). “Enhancing the Leisure Expertise”. Archived from the unique on Might 14, 2013.
  112. ^ “US majors get with the cabin-upgrade programme” (Press launch). Shepard Group. December 16, 2006. Archived from the unique on November 7, 2007. Retrieved December 16, 2006.
  113. ^ No, Brisan (December 9, 2007). “Delta 737-800 Cabin | Flickr”. Flickr.com. Archived from the unique on November 13, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  114. ^ “The Journal”. Delta Sky Journal. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  115. ^ “Membership Information & Program Guidelines”. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on February 6, 2019. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  116. ^ “Delta’s Sky Bonus”. Archived from the unique on February 7, 2019. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  117. ^ “Airways & Airports – Delta New SkyBonus Program Rewards Small-To-Medium Sized Companies”. www.odysseymediagroup.com. Archived from the unique on February 7, 2019. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
  118. ^ “SkyBonus Turns into Official Enterprise Loyalty Program for Delta, Air France, KLM and Alitalia in North America” (Press launch). Delta Airways. Archived from the unique on June 6, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  119. ^ a b c “Continuously Requested Questions”. Delta Airways. Archived from the unique on December 28, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  120. ^ “Delta Air Strains Income 2006-2018 | DAL”. www.macrotrends.internet. Archived from the unique on April 10, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  121. ^ “2005 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 25, 2018.
  122. ^ “2006 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 25, 2018.
  123. ^ “2007 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 25, 2018.
  124. ^ “2008 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 25, 2018.
  125. ^ “2009 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 25, 2018.
  126. ^ “2010 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 25, 2018.
  127. ^ “2011 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 25, 2018.
  128. ^ “2012 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 26, 2018.
  129. ^ “2013 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 25, 2018.
  130. ^ “2014 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 25, 2018.
  131. ^ “2015 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 26, 2018.
  132. ^ “2016 Annual Report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on November 25, 2018.
  133. ^ “Delta Air Strains pronounces December quarter and full 12 months 2017 revenue”. Delta Information Hub. Archived from the unique on November 25, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  134. ^ “Delta Air Strains pronounces December quarter and full 12 months 2018 revenue”. Delta Information Hub. Archived from the unique on April 10, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  135. ^ “Doc”. www.sec.gov. p. 10. Archived from the unique on April 10, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  136. ^ “Bio: Ed Bastian, Chief Govt Officer”. Delta Information Hub. Archived from the unique on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  137. ^ Carey, Susan (August 27, 2014). “Delta Human Sources and Labor Govt to Retire”. The Wall Road Journal. Archived from the unique on July 9, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  138. ^ a b Esterl, Mike (June 6, 2011). “Labor Board Broadens Delta Probe”. The Wall Road Journal. Archived from the unique on August 5, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  139. ^ “ALPA’s Pilot Teams”. Air Line Pilots Affiliation, Worldwide. January–February 2012. Archived from the unique on December 28, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  140. ^ “PAFCA – Skilled Airline Flight Management Affiliation”. Archived from the unique on April 16, 2018. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  141. ^ Sider, Alison (August 26, 2020). “American Airways to Minimize 19,000 Jobs by Oct. 1 When Federal Stimulus Ends”. The Wall Road Journal. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  142. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the unique on April 11, 2020. Retrieved August 10, 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (hyperlink)
  143. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the unique on October 17, 2009. Retrieved August 10, 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (hyperlink)
  144. ^ William E. Schmidt (July 16, 1987). “Delta Loyalists Alarmed And Bruised by Mishaps”. The New York Occasions. Archived from the unique on June 25, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  145. ^ “Contact Company Archived Might 30, 2008, on the Wayback Machine.” Delta Air Strains. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
  146. ^ “Zoning Ordinance of Atlanta, Georgia Sheet No. 14-128.” () Metropolis of Atlanta. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
  147. ^ Markiewicz, David. “Points change, however Chamber rolls on 150 years later Archived June 4, 2011, on the Wayback Machine.” Atlanta Journal Structure. Wednesday December 2, 2009. Retrieved on December 27, 2009.
  148. ^ “Delta Air Strains Began as Crop-Dusting Service Archived August 25, 2018, on the Wayback Machine”. Related Press at St. Louis Put up-Dispatch. September 1, 1988. 11A. Retrieved on December 27, 2009.
  149. ^ a b “Delta suing Metropolis of Atlanta.” Related Press at Rome Information-Tribune. Wednesday September 2, 1981. p. 10A. Retrieved from Google Information (6 of 29) on December 19, 2013.
  150. ^ “Capa Centre For Aviation”. Archived from the unique on December 20, 2013. Retrieved Might 22, 2013.
  151. ^ “Delta Air Strains formally opens Minnesota headquarters”. Minnesota Public Radio Information. Minnesota.publicradio.org. January 29, 2010. Archived from the unique on July 26, 2010. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  152. ^ “MAC Approves Settlement with Delta for 10,000 Minnesota Jobs and 400 Day by day Departures from Minneapolis–St. Paul Hub”. Information.delta.com. January 26, 2009. Archived from the unique on July 20, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  153. ^ a b Mouawad, Jad (December 23, 2011). “On Jet Exteriors, a Parade of Vanilla”. The New York Occasions. Archived from the unique on January 5, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  154. ^ “Delta Air Strains Brand”. Archived from the unique on March 13, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  155. ^ “Delta Air Strains Accepts EPA Award for Use of Unhazardous Supplies on Plane”. Delta Air Strains Information Launch. Delta Air Strains. Archived from the unique on September 29, 2011. Retrieved March 18, 2011.
  156. ^ Brett, Jennifer (July 16, 2017). “Who’s Deltalina? Flashback to 2008”. The Atlanta Journal-Structure. Archived from the unique on November 15, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  157. ^ Brown, Joe (March 26, 2008). “Delta’s New Attractive Security Starlet”. Wired. Archived from the unique on October 2, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  158. ^ “Delta’s Pink-Headed Flight Attendant a Hit on YouTube in Airline’s Security Video Archived Might 15, 2008, on the Wayback Machine.” Related Press at Fox Information. Sunday March 23, 2008. Retrieved on August 24, 2009.
  159. ^ “Accident Stinson Mannequin A NC14599, 14 Aug 1935”. aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on November 9, 2017. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  160. ^ “ASN Plane accident Douglas DC-3C NC49657 Columbus, GA”. aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on March 24, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  161. ^ “ASN Plane accident Douglas DC-Four NC37478 Chicago Municipal Airport, IL (MDW)”. aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on January 21, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  162. ^ “ASN Plane accident Douglas DST-318 (DC-3) N28345 Marshall, TX”. aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on March 21, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  163. ^ “ASN Plane accident Douglas DC-8-51 N802E New Orleans, LA”. aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on March 2, 2006. Retrieved January 28, 2007.
  164. ^ “Crashed brief, Delta Air Strains, Inc., DC-8, N802E, New Orleans Worldwide Airport, Kenner, Louisiana, March 30, 1967” (PDF). Nationwide Transportation Security Board. December 20, 1967.
  165. ^ “ASN Plane accident Douglas DC-9-14 N3305L Fort Value-Higher Southwest Airport, TX (GSW)”. aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on February 25, 2006. Retrieved February 1, 2007.
  166. ^ “NTSB Report AAR73-15” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on Might 7, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  167. ^ Reinhold, Robert (August 1, 1973). “88 Die, One. Critically Harm In Jet Crash in Boston Fog”. The New York Occasions. Archived from the unique on January 19, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  168. ^ “Deadly Occasions Since 1970 for Delta Air Strains”. Airsafe.com. Archived from the unique on March 27, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2007.
  169. ^ “ASN Plane accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 N3323L Chattanooga Municipal Airport, TN (CHA)”. aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on June 6, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
  170. ^ “Landed brief, Delta Air Strains, Inc., McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32, N3323L, Chattanooga Municipal Airport, Chattanooga, Tennessee, November 27, 1973” (PDF). Nationwide Transportation Security Board. November 8, 1974. Archived (PDF) from the unique on December 15, 2010. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  171. ^ “The Saving Of Flight 1080”. The Washington Put up. October 8, 1978. Archived from the unique on June 24, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  172. ^ “When Climate Modified Historical past – Delta 191 Crash”. When Climate Modified Historical past. Might 8, 2010. The Climate Channel. Archived from the unique on July 17, 2019. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  173. ^ Magnuson, Ed (September 14, 1987). “Incorrect Monitor: Delta is blamed for a detailed name”. Time. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  174. ^ “Accident Description”. Aviation Security Community. August 23, 1995. Archived from the unique on June 8, 2020. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
  175. ^ “Ultimate report of N781DL” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the unique on December 16, 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  176. ^ “2 Killed as Engine Elements Pierce Cabin of Delta Jet”. Los Angeles Occasions. Related Press. July 7, 1996. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  177. ^ “N927DA Delta Air Strains McDonnell Douglas MD-88”. www.planespotters.internet. Archived from the unique on August 21, 2018. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  178. ^ “Delta Air Strains Tells Flight 1989 to Land at Cleveland Airport, however FAA Not Knowledgeable”. Archived from the unique on June 6, 2015. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  179. ^ a b The 9/11 Fee Report. ISBN 0-16-072304-3. Archived from the unique on July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  180. ^ “ASN Wikibase Prevalence # 173898”. Aviation Security Community. Archived from the unique on February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
  181. ^ “McDonnell Douglas MD-11 – Delta Airways”. Airliners.internet. February 3, 2002. Archived from the unique on February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
  182. ^ Pasztor, Andy (March 9, 2015). “Delta Crash: Investigators Suspect Doable Brake Issues”. The Wall Road Journal. Archived from the unique on July 9, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  183. ^ “NTSB Points Second Replace on the Delta Flight 1086 Accident at LaGuardia”. Nationwide Transportation Security Board. March 9, 2015. Archived from the unique on March 11, 2015. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  184. ^ “The Aviation Herald”.
  185. ^ “2015-06-17 Delta Boeing 747-400 badly broken by hail over China”. Archived from the unique on July 10, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  186. ^ “Delta 747 Destroyed By Hail, Plane a Complete Loss”. SavvyStews.com. Archived from the unique on July 2, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  187. ^ Dazio, Stefanie (January 14, 2020). “Jet dumps gasoline that lands on schoolkids close to Los Angeles”. The Bakersfield Californian. Archived from the unique on January 16, 2020. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  188. ^ Weber, Harry (March 18, 2010). “Delta’s Flight 253 Passengers Get Journey Vouchers From Delta After Foiled Terror Plot”. HuffPost. Related Press. Archived from the unique on January 2, 2010.
  189. ^ “Delta Hijacking”. NBC Nightly Information. Vanderbilt Tv Information Archive. August 1, 1972. Archived from the unique on October 10, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  190. ^ “ASN Plane accident McDonnell Douglas DC-Eight Algiers”. Aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on March 27, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  191. ^ “Patrick Smith on Airline Safety”. Schneier on Safety. Schneier.com. June 19, 2006. Archived from the unique on March 27, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  192. ^ “Hijack Try”. CBS Night Information. Vanderbilt Tv Information Archive. February 22, 1974. Archived from the unique on March 21, 2012. Retrieved Might 11, 2009.
  193. ^ “CUBA: Havana-Sure”. Time. August 25, 1980. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  194. ^ Diaz, Madeline BarM-s (August 17, 2002). “Tip Yields Arrest Of Hijack Suspect”. Solar-Sentinel.
  195. ^ “Cuban Man Will get 10 Years for Hijacking”. Huron Day by day Tribune. March 11, 2003. Archived from the unique on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  196. ^ “ASN Plane accident Boeing 727 registration unknown Havana-José Martí Worldwide Airport (HAV)”. Aviation-safety.internet. March 28, 1984. Archived from the unique on September 9, 2005. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  197. ^ “ASN Plane accident Boeing 727 registration unknown Havana-José Martí Worldwide Airport (HAV)”. Aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on November 5, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  198. ^ “ASN Plane accident Boeing 727 registration unknown Havana-José Martí Worldwide Airport (HAV)”. Aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on November 5, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  199. ^ “ASN Plane accident Lockheed L-1011 TriStar registration unknown Havana”. Aviation-safety.internet. Archived from the unique on September 5, 2005. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
Bibliography
  • Inexperienced, William; Swanborough, Gordon; Mowinski, John (1987). Fashionable Business Plane. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-517-63369-8.

Exterior hyperlinks


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *