Czech Airways j.s.c. (abbreviation: ČSA, Czech: České Aerolinie, a.s.) is the flag provider of the Czech Republic.[citation needed] Its head workplace is on the grounds of sixth district Prague, Vokovice. The airline’s hub is at Václav Havel Airport Prague. The corporate operates primarily scheduled flights.[4]

When, in 2018, 97.74% of Czech Airways was purchased by the privately-owned[5]Smartwings, CSA grew to become part of the Smartwings Group. The airline runs a frequent flyer programme known as “OK Plus” in reference to the airline’s Worldwide Air Transport Affiliation designation, in addition to the time period of approval; OK additionally featured prominently in its earlier livery, and is the prefix of Czech Republic plane registrations. It’s a member of the SkyTeam alliance. The remaining 2.26% of CSA is owned by insurance coverage firm Česká Pojišťovna.[6]

In the summertime season, CSA flies to 50 locations in Asia and Europe.[7] Czech Airways carried 2.26 million passengers in 2016, which was a 13% improve in comparison with 2015.[8]Czech Airways Technics is liable for plane upkeep.

CSA is the fifth oldest nonetheless working airline on the earth, after Dutch KLM (1919), Colombian Avianca (1919), Australian Qantas (1920), and Soviet/Russian Aeroflot (1923). It was the primary airline on the earth to fly common jet-only routes (between Prague and Moscow).[9]

Historical past[edit]

Early years[edit]

CSA was based on 6 October 1923, by the Czechoslovak authorities as ČSA Československé státní aerolinie (Czechoslovak State Airways).[10] Twenty-three days later its first transport flight befell, flying between Prague and Bratislava. It operated solely home providers till its first worldwide flight from Prague to Bratislava and on to Zagreb in Yugoslavia in 1930. After the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia in 1939 with the nation splitting up into three elements, the airline was terminated.

Following a coup in February 1948, the Communist Social gathering suspended some western European and Center Jap routes, and likewise progressively changed a lot of the fleet with Soviet-built airliners, as a result of embargo imposed by the West on the western-built plane spares and different gear. The Ilyushin Il-14 was up to date and constructed below licence in Czechoslovakia because the Avia-14.

In 1950, CSA grew to become the world’s first sufferer of a mass hijacking. Three Czechoslovak Douglas DC-Three airliners flown to an American airbase in Erding, close to Munich, stirred the world on either side of the “burnt by means of” Iron Curtain and the case intensified the Chilly Conflict between East and West in a single day. On the morning of 24 March the three plane landed close to Munich as a substitute of at Prague; the primary from Brno, at 08:20, the second from Moravská Ostrava at 08:40, and the third one from Bratislava at 09:20. Two-thirds of the folks on board had been involuntary passengers who later returned to Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovak Communist authorities commissioned a ‘flight to freedom’ ebook, stage play, and movie (all bearing the identify Kidnap to Erding) which celebrated the kidnapped returnees as heroes who had not allowed themselves to be swayed by guarantees of capitalist opulence. The non-returnees who requested political asylum in West Germany had been, then again, proclaimed criminals and the Prague authorities vigorously requested their extradition – though in useless. The pilot from Brno was Josef Klesnil,[11]
a former Royal Air Power pilot with 311 squadron, who flew from Brno to Erding with a pistol at his head.[11]

In 1957 CSA grew to become the third of the world’s airways to fly jet providers, taking supply/placing in service the primary Tupolev Tu-104A in 1957. ČSA was the one airline aside from Aeroflot to function the Tu-104. The service operated by the Tu-104A from 1957 between Prague and Moscow was the primary jet-only connection (different airways used each jets and piston/turboprop plane concurrently).[9] The primary transatlantic providers began on Three February 1962 with a flight to Havana,[4] utilizing a Bristol Britannia turboprop leased from Cubana de Aviación. CSA’s transatlantic flights had been code-shared with Cubana’s providers to Prague, and Cubana’s crews supplied preliminary coaching and help within the operation of the Britannias.

1960 to 1990[edit]

From the late 1960s, CSA used a variety of Soviet-built plane, and modifications of them, for its intensive European and intercontinental providers which totaled some 50 worldwide and 15 home locations. The Britannia was changed with long-range Ilyushin Il-18D turboprops presently, and transatlantic routes had been established to Montreal and New York Metropolis, moreover Havana. Other than the Il-18D, different plane in CSA’s fleet included the short-range Tupolev Tu-134, the medium-range Tupolev Tu-154, and the long-range Ilyushin Il-62. As was the case in a number of different nations, the Il-62 was the primary long-range jet airliner to be put into operation by CSA (which was additionally the primary international buyer to purchase Il-62s from Russia). CSA operated a fleet of 21 Il-62s between 1969 and 1997 together with 15 Il-62s and 6 Il-62Ms. A CSA-registered Il-62 and three Il-62Ms had been used as official Czech authorities transports between 1974 and 1996.[citation needed]

After absorbing the “heavier” a part of Slov-air and taking its Let L-410A Turbolet turboprop commuters into its fleet within the early 1970s, the ČSA companion Slov-air grew to become the world’s first airline whose captain, Ján Mičica, was slain on the controls by a hijacker, the occasion occurring throughout a hijacking to West Germany. The plane concerned, OK-ADN is these days displayed in an open-air plane museum in Martin, Slovakia.[citation needed]

The 1990s and 2000s[edit]

After the breakup of the Czechoslovak Federation, the airline adopted its current identify in Could 1995. By the late 1990s, many of the Soviet plane had been both offered on to different airways or retired (a quantity had been preserved), and changed with Western ones such because the Boeing 737, the Airbus A310 and the Airbus A320. CSA grew to become a full member of the SkyTeam alliance on 18 October 2000. As of March 2007 the airline, with 5,440 workers, was owned by the Czech Ministry of Finance (56.92%), Czech Consolidation Company (34.59%), and different Czech establishments.

On 1 January 2010, the entire non-office floor workers of CSA was transferred to the subsidiary ČSA Help, now named Czech airways dealing with s.r.o.
In February 2010, ČSA a.s. offered off its duty-free outlets to a different entity.[4]

EU competitors regulators started an investigation into Czech Airways on 23 February 2011, stating that it doubted the loss-making concern might return to viability and adjust to European Union state assist laws.[12]

In late 2012, CSA Czech Airways introduced plans for enlargement and to renew long-haul flights from summer season 2013 with Airbus A330 plane between Prague and Seoul.[13] Since March 2013, the corporate operates direct flights from Prague to Perm, Good, Munich, Zurich, Seoul, and Florence.[citation needed]

Upon the completion of inventory gross sales to Korean Air on 10 April 2013, CSA Czech Airways was owned by Czech Aeroholdings, a.s. (56%) and Korean Air Strains Co., Ltd. (44%). On Could 14, 2013, Czech Airways Extraordinary Basic shareholders’ assembly elected Cho Received-tae as a brand new member of its Supervisory Board. Cho changed Petr Matousek, who resigned from his place within the Supervisory Board. This personnel change took impact on 1 June 2013 because of Korean Air’s fairness buy.

In April 2015 Journey Service Group purchased 34% of the airline, over which Korean Air had an possibility.[14][15] In 2016 the airline returned to revenue for the primary time in a few years.[16]

On 6 October 2017, Korean Air introduced the sale of its 44-percent stake in Czech Airways, which it held for 4 years, to Journey Service. Journey Service then owned 78.9 % of CSA.[17] The Czech state firm Prisko owned 20 % of CSA.[17] Journey Service later additionally acquired Prisko’s stake, enabling Journey Service a 97.74% stake within the airline.[18]

Newest developments[edit]

In March 2019, Smartwings introduced that CSA will transition its fleet, with the Airbus A319 and ATR 72 plane to be retired.[19] In October 2019, Czech Airways introduced an order for 4 Airbus A220-300 and three A321XLR, which had been transformed from orders for the A320neo.

Within the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, Czech Airways introduced in April 2020 to terminate their sole long-haul path to Seoul, which won’t be restarted after operations resume.[20] Due to this fact their sole Airbus A330 is to be returned to lessor Korean Air by October 2020.[21]

As of 5 July 2020, CSA doesn’t function any lengthy haul plane, as their solely A330-300, OK-YBA, will probably be returned to lessor Korean Air.[22]

Company affairs[edit]

Head workplace[edit]

In 2016, Czech Airways head workplace moved to Evropská avenue in sixth district, Prague, district Vokovice.[23] Important cause was a cheaper price.[24] Czech Airways previously had its head workplace, the APC Constructing,[25] on the grounds of Václav Havel Airport Prague in Ruzyně, sixth district, Prague.[26] On 30 December 2009 CSA introduced that it’s going to promote its head workplace to the airport for CZK 607 million.[27]

Monetary outcomes[edit]

Since its transformation to a joint-stock firm in August 1992, ČSA has by no means paid dividends. The sale of a minority share to Air France was a fiasco resulting in the withdrawal of the French airline. Subsequently, Antonín Jakubše and Miroslav Kůla stabilized the corporate and enlarged its fleet.[28] In September 2003, Miroslav Kůla was fired. New CEO, ex-minister Jaroslav Tvrdík, agreed with the unions to extend wages by a 3rd and introduced “unprecedented” enlargement of the fleet.[29][30]

In 2005, the monetary scenario sharply deteriorated. Though the sale of two ATR plane improved the working outcome by CZK 198 million, the working loss was virtually half a billion Czech crowns and the Authorities of Jiří Paroubek changed Jaroslav Tvrdík with Radomír Lašák. The airline generated additional working losses, regardless of income of CZK 2.1 bn from the sale of just about all actual property and CZK 1.2 bn from gross sales of plane. In 2005-2010, ČSA generated an working lack of CZK 3.Four bn; with out long-term asset gross sales revenues, the working loss would have been twice as massive. The gross margin didn’t even cowl the personnel bills.[31]

In 2016, the airline dealt with 2.7 million passengers and introduced a internet revenue of 241 million crowns.[32]

Consolidated monetary outcomes of České aerolinie a.s. in 2005–2014[31]
billion CZK 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2005-14
Gross sales 21.5 24.0 24.0 23.2 20.4 16.9 14.8 13.7 10.2 9.5 178.2
Value of gross sales (18.3) (18.6) (18.7) (18.7) (18.1) (14.3) (12.8) (12.1) (10.0) (8.8) (150.4)
Gross margin 3.2 5.4 5.4 4.5 2.2 2.6 2.1 1.5 0.2 0.7 27.8
Personnel price (4.1) (4.5) (4.8) (4.8) (4.9) (3.9) (3.3) (1.5) (1.3) (1.2) (34.3)
Disposals of LT belongings 0.2 0.2 0.6 1.4 0.4 0.8 0.3 (0.2) 0.1 0.0 3.8
Reserves 0.3 (0.5) (0,1) 0.3 (0.6) 0.5 0.1 1.1 0.2 (0.1) 1.1
Different (depreciation and so forth.) (0.0) (0.8) (0.7) (0.6) (0.7) (0.3) (0.4) (0.1) (0.1) (0.0) (3.7)
Working revenue (0.5) (0.2) 0.5 0.7 (3.5) (0.3) (1.1) 0.8 (1.0) (0.6) (5.4)

Former subsidiaries[edit]

  • Czech Airways Dealing with supplies floor dealing with or passenger and plane dealing with for a lot of airways working flights from Prague.[33]
  • Czech Airways Technics supplies plane upkeep and common licensed servicing for the Czech Airways fleet and different airways.[34]
  • Czech Aviation Coaching Centre supplies coaching to future aircrew members, in addition to refresher and additional coaching to current crews operated by the state-owned enterprise Air Navigation Companies of the Czech Republic. Along with Czech Airways, providers of the coaching centre are additionally utilized by different airways. Moreover, programs “Flying with out Worry” and “Stewardess/Steward Attempt-outs” are supplied, in addition to the journey course “Flying for Enjoyable”. These particular trainings are additionally open to the general public.[35]
  • Holidays Czech Airways was a now defunct constitution subsidiary targeted primarily on flying to vacation locations.[36]

Company identification[edit]

[edit]

A brand new search for Czech Airways was revealed in September 2007. The brand new emblem was created by Michal Kotyza, who works for the airline.

Livery[edit]

Locations[edit]

As of the summer season season 2019, Czech Airways flies to 27 year-round and 5 seasonal locations in 24 nations.[7] Flights are operated primarily in Europe, with a small variety of Asian locations Beirut, and Riyadh. Together with codeshare companions, CSA flies to greater than 110 locations and 45 nations from Prague.[37]

Earlier than main cuts to its community, Czech Airways used to function 32 monopoly routes from Prague, together with one home path to Ostrava which doesn’t exist anymore, alongside the feeder route from Košice in Slovakia.[citation needed] These 32 routes represented about 40% of complete flights and simply over 30% of complete capability.[citation needed]

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Czech Airways codeshares with the next airways:[38]

Constitution flights[edit]

In June 2007, CSA signed a contract with Exim Excursions, the biggest Czech journey company, extending their contract for one more three years. In Could 2010, CSA withdrew its final Airbus A310[41] and Exim Excursions signed a brand new contract with Journey Service Airways from winter 2010/2011.[citation needed]

Present fleet[edit]

As of September 2020, the Czech Airways fleet consists of the next plane:[42][43][44]


Historic fleet[edit]

Czech or Czechoslovak Airways operated these plane varieties prior to now:[47][48]

Companies[edit]

Catering[edit]

Czech Airways gives purchase on board service on some flights along with free service.[49][50]

Frequent-flyer program[edit]

The OK Plus frequent flyer programme offers passengers “OK Plus Miles” for flights with Czech Airways, SkyTeam member airways, different companion airways or non-airline companions corresponding to lodges, automotive leases, banks and so forth. OK Plus membership playing cards can be found with the next tier ranges: OK Plus membership, OK Plus Silver, OK Plus Gold, and OK Plus Platinum. The upper the cardboard stage, the better the variety of advantages passengers obtain.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Deadly accidents[edit]

  • On August 12, 1930 a ČSA Ford 5-AT-C Trimotor (registration OK-FOR) crashed close to Jihlava (Iglau) whereas making an attempt to keep away from a thunderstorm. The plane struck the bottom in poor visibility after a pointy flip to keep away from a chimney and caught hearth, killing 12 of 13 on board.[51]
  • On August 13, 1938 a ČSA Savoia-Marchetti S.73 (registration OK-BAG) struck a wooded mountain close to Oberkirch on method to Strasbourg en route from Prague by way of Paris, killing all 17 on board, the stewardess survived, however died a day later.[52]
  • On March 5, 1946 a ČSA Junkers Ju 52/3m (registration OK-ZDN) crashed close to Prague after two touchdown makes an attempt, killing 10 of 15 on board. The plane was working a Paris-Strasbourg-Prague passenger service.[53]
  • On February 13, 1947 a ČSA Douglas C-47A (registration OK-XDU) crashed shortly after takeoff from Ruzyne Airport whereas on a coaching flight, killing all three on board; improper upkeep was blamed, resulting in a five-day crew strike.[54]
  • On December 21, 1948 ČSA Flight 584 (a Douglas C-47A, registration OK-WDN) struck a hillside close to Pilos, Greece in dangerous climate, killing all 24 on board. Different reviews state the plane was shot down after the pilot lit a flare or crashed into the hill whereas dropping weapons for communist insurgents. The plane was working a passenger service from Czechoslovakia to Israel with stops at Rome and Athens.[55]
  • On February 27, 1950 a ČSA Douglas C-47A (registration OK-WDY) struck Praded Mountain en path to Prague from Ostrava, killing six of 25 on board.[56]
  • On January 12, 1954 a ČSA Douglas C-47A (registration OK-WDS) struck a chimney and energy traces and crashed close to Prague after practically failing to take off, killing all 13 on board.[57]
  • On January 18, 1956 a ČSA Douglas C-47A (registration OK-WDZ) struck Mount Skapova after the plane was blown off target by sturdy winds, killing 22 of 26 on board.[58]
  • On November 24, 1956 a ČSA Ilyushin Il-12 (registration OK-DBP) crashed right into a area close to Egislau, Switzerland, killing all 23 on board.[59]
  • On January 2, 1961 a ČSA Avia 14 (registration OK-MCZ) crashed on climbout from Prague throughout a pilot coaching flight after failing to achieve peak on takeoff, killing all 10 on board.[60]
  • On March 28, 1961 ČSA Flight 511 (an Ilyushin Il-18V) crashed in Gräfenberg close to Nürnberg throughout a Prague-Zurich service as a result of structural failure, killing all 52 on board.
  • On July 12, 1961 ČSA Flight 511 (an Ilyushin Il-18V, registration OK-PAF) crashed close to Anfa Airport as a result of doable crew error, killing all 72 on board.[61]
  • On October 10, 1962, ČSA Flight 306 (an Avia 14, registration OK-MCT) crashed close to Slavkov whereas on method to Brno, killing 13 of 42 on board.[62]
  • On September 5, 1967 ČSA Flight 523, an Ilyushin Il-18D (registration OK-WAI), crashed on climbout from Gander Worldwide Airport whereas on a Prague-Shannon-Gander-Havana passenger service, killing 37 of 69 on board; the trigger was by no means decided.[63]
  • On October 11, 1968 a ČSA Avia 14-32A (registration OK-MCJ, named Svit Gottwaldov) crashed close to Ptice shortly after takeoff from Prague, killing 11 of 40 on board.[64]
  • On June 1, 1970, a ČSA Tupolev Tu-104A (registration OK-NDD, named Plzen) crashed after two tried approaches to Tripoli Worldwide Airport, killing all 13 on board.[65][66]
  • On August 20, 1975 ČSA Flight 540, an Ilyushin Il-62 (registration OK-DBF, named Brno Commerce Truthful) flew into the bottom throughout a night-time method to Damascus Worldwide Airport as a result of a mis-understanding between the pilots and the management tower that resulted in an incorrect altimeter setting, killing 126 of 128 on board in Syria’s worst ever air catastrophe.[67][68]
  • On July 28, 1976 ČSA Flight 001, an Ilyushin Il-18V (registration OK-NAB, named Košice), which was working as a scheduled home passenger flight from Prague’s Ruzyně airport to Bratislava-Ivanka Airport, each in Czechoslovakia, which crashed into the Zlaté Piesky (Golden Sands) lake whereas making an attempt to land in Bratislava. All 6 crew members and 70 out of 73 passengers died.[69][70]
  • On February 11, 1977 a ČSA Avia 14T (registration OK-OCA) struck timber and crashed close to Ivanka Airport as a result of crew error, killing 4 of 5 on board.[71] That is ČSA’s final deadly accident.

Non-fatal accidents[edit]

  • On November 9, 1946 a ČSA Douglas C-47A (registration OK-XDG) force-landed close to Dobrovíz after working out of gasoline whereas in a holding sample as a result of dangerous climate; all 18 on board survived, however the plane was written off.[72]
  • On December 24, 1946 a ČSA Douglas C-47A (registration OK-WDD) was written off following an emergency touchdown close to Paris; all 15 on board survived.[73]
  • On January 25, 1947 a ČSA Douglas C-47A (registration OK-WDB) was struck by a crashing Douglas Dakota whereas parked at Croydon Airport; there have been no casualties, however the plane was written off. See 1947 Croydon Dakota accident.[74]
  • On March 16, 1963 a ČSA Tupolev Tu-104A (registration OK-LDB) caught hearth and burned out whereas being refueled at Santa Cruz Airport, India; no casualties apart from a flight attendant who was injured after leaping from the aircraft.[75]
  • On August 18, 1970 ČSA Flight 744, a Tupolev Tu-124V (registration OK-TEB, named Centrotex), landed wheels-up at Kloten Airport after the crew grew to become preoccupied with cabin pressurization issues; all 20 on board survived, however the plane was written off.[76]
  • On August 29, 1973 ČSA Flight 531, a Tupolev Tu-104A (registration OK-MDE) slid off the runway whereas touchdown at Nicosia Airport; all 70 on board survived, however the plane was written off.[77]
  • On January 2, 1977 a ČSA Tupolev Tu-134A (registration OK-CFD) collided on the runway at Ruzyne Airport with a ČSA Ilyushin Il-18 (OK-NAA) that was taking off; all 48 on board the Tu-134 survived, but it surely was written off; the Il-18 (all six on board survived) was considerably broken however was repaired and returned to service, it was retired in 1981 and is now in a museum.[78][79]
  • On October 11, 1988, a ČSA Tupolev Tu-134A (registration OK-AFB) landed laborious at Ruzyne Airport; there have been no casualties, however the plane was written off and flown to Piešťany the place it served as a restaurant.[80]
  • On June 9, 2012 a Czech Airways ATR 42-500 (registration OK-KFM) was destroyed in a hangar explosion and hearth at Ruzyne Worldwide Airport. A second ATR 42 (OK-JFK) was additionally broken by the hearth. Two Czech Airways Technics workers had been working with an explosive liquid. The liquid was sucked right into a heavy technic automobile, which then blew up close to the plane and prompted the hearth.[81]

Hijackings[edit]

  • On April 6, 1948 a ČSA Douglas DC-Three was hijacked to Neubiberg Air Base, Germany by 20 folks wishing to flee Communist rule in Czechoslovakia.[82]
  • On March 24, 1950 three Douglas DC-3s from Czechoslovakia had been concurrently hijacked. All three plane landed on the US Air Power Base at Erding, West Germany. In all, 26 of 85 passengers selected to remain in West Germany to flee Communist rule in Czechoslovakia.[83]
  • On March 23, 1952 a ČSA Douglas C-47 was hijacked by 4 individuals who demanded to be taken to Germany. The plane landed safely at Frankfurt with no casualties.[84]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

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  63. ^ Accident description for OK-WAI on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  64. ^ Accident description for OK-MCJ on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  65. ^ “1970: Nikdo z pilotů pořádně neznal letiště. Let ČSA skončil katastrofou Zdroj”. Technet.cz (in Czech). 10 June 2013. Archived from the unique on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  66. ^ Accident description for OK-NDD on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  67. ^ Přistáli jsme,” řekl a zemřel. Havárii ČSA před 36 lety přežili jen dva Zdroj”. Technet.cz (in Czech). 19 August 2011. Archived from the unique on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  68. ^ Accident description for OK-DBF on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  69. ^ “Seriál: Letadlo se zřítilo do koupaliště u Bratislavy. Málem trefilo řídicí věž Zdroj”. Technet.cz (in Czech). 28 July 2011. Archived from the unique on Four January 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  70. ^ Accident description for OK-NAB on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
  71. ^ Accident description for OK-OCA on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
  72. ^ Accident description for OK-XDG on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  73. ^ Accident description for OK-WDD on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 16 July 2020.
  74. ^ Accident description for OK-WDB on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
  75. ^ Accident description for OK-LDB on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  76. ^ Accident description for OK-TEB on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
  77. ^ Accident description for OK-MDE on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  78. ^ Accident description for OK-CFD on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  79. ^ Accident description for OK-NAA on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  80. ^ Accident description for OK-AFB on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  81. ^ Accident description for OK-KFM on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  82. ^ Hijack description on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 16 July 2020.
  83. ^ Hijack description on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.
  84. ^ Hijack description for OK-WDY on the Aviation Security Community. Retrieved on 23 September 2013.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Zeman, Libor (2003). Czech Airways 1923/2003 – For 80 years at dwelling within the skies. Prague: Czech Airways.

Exterior hyperlinks[edit]

Media associated to Czech Airways at Wikimedia Commons


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