Mount Kilimanjaro – the best free-standing mountain on this planet – has been attractive adventure-seekers for over a century. Glacier-covered peaks dissolving into alpine meadows, which- in turn- distinction the formidable mass of verdant rainforests and darker gorges that cowl the slopes of this volcano make for an unforgettable expertise. Right here, days of having fun with the wonders of African nature by various climatic zones culminate within the spectacular views of the morning solar gleaming off the snow-covered glaciers on the summit of the best level on the continent.

For many of the trekkers reaching the summit is likely one of the pivotal lifetime achievements. A lot of them are considering rather a lot earlier than making a call to climb Mount Kilimanjaro. In spite of everything, it’s a lengthy journey to a distant nation in Africa. Additionally, in comparison with different mountain climbing journeys all around the world, Mt Kilimanjaro adventures are dearer. Collectively mixed, all these items make it essential to plan your journey fastidiously.

There are lots of issues to think about whereas planning your Mount Kilimanjaro climb. Lack of understanding, and, consequently, failure to make correct preparations is the principle and solely purpose why even younger and match trekkers generally fail to succeed in the summit. Then again, armed with the fitting info, climbers of all ages and bodily health ranges confidently make their approach to the highest.

Along with that, quite a few operators are advertising and marketing Mt Kilimanjaro too aggressively, typically failing to tell the hikers concerning the required security measures and preparation. The mountain climbing problem is commonly described as “straightforward” and hardly a factor is ever instructed about high-altitude acclimatization and its impacts on the climbers. All the things is made to maximise the variety of purchasers, whereas security side is commonly forgotten.

Because the variety of these desperate to climb Kilimanjaro is rising, we determined to make this information in order that future adventurers can keep away from widespread pitfalls. It solutions essentially the most often requested questions: what’s “excessive altitude acclimatization”; what tools is required; what’s the finest time for a snug and secure Kilimanjaro hike and how you can get to Kilimanjaro.

Our information additionally explains the variations between Kilimanjaro climbing routes, provides you a sneak peek into the internal workings of a profitable climbing expedition and prepares you for the tenting expertise.

Briefly, the very best time to go to Mt. Kilimanjaro is from early June to late September and from late December to late February. These instances are brief on rain and sunny more often than not, which fits a protracted approach to guaranteeing the very best views.

Verify our article to seek out out extra about the very best seasons to climb Kilimanjaro.

RAIN AND SUN SEASONS IN TANZANIA

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

Might

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Tanzania has two wet seasons and two dry seasons. The primary dry season begins in the midst of December and lasts till early March. After a interval of lengthy rains, dry climate returns within the late June or early July. The second dry season lasts till the center of October to finish the annual cycle.

Dry seasons are the time when there are numerous trekkers on Kilimanjaro, particularly on Machame and Marangu routes. If you would like a extra personal Kilimanjaro expertise, it is best to go for Lemosho, Rongai or Northern Circuit routes.

Although Kilimanjaro climbing is more difficult throughout the wet season, this alternative has quite a lot of truthful benefits. First, the variety of different trekkers is minimal. Secondly, every part round is lush inexperienced. Thirdly, it’s the solely time to see the snow-capped peak of Kilimanjaro. The photographers will benefit from the time!

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Mount Kilimanjaro Map and Routes

Whereas components of a few of Kilimanjaro climbing routes overlap, every has its personal attraction. Various levels of bodily problem and acclimatisation alternatives are offset by magnificent views and, generally, traded off for larger privateness on the much less frequented treks.

Selecting the best route is essential on your summit success. Beneath we’re giving a brief description of every route, analyzing their execs and cons.

Machame Route Machame is the second hottest route on Kilimanjaro. It’s typically busy throughout excessive season. That includes glorious acclimatization and nice views it’s a actually good route to think about. Be certain that to decide on the 7-day program. A shortened 6-day model of Machame, whereas cheaper, has one of many lowest success charges.

Marangu Route The preferred and tough route for a Kilimanjaro climb. Although crowded at instances, it’s the solely route that provides huts- reasonably than tents- on your overnights. The truth that ascent and descent comply with the identical path won’t be felt as an obstacle, because the views are ever-changing beneath the African sky.

Lemosho Route Lemosho route combines glorious acclimatization and excessive scenic worth. As a result of the route trailhead is kind of distant only a few native operators run this trek. 7-day choice is very advisable.

Northern Circuit Route This latest trekking route on Kilimanjaro shall be perfect for these eager on seeing the northern, hardly ever visited slopes. This selection is the longest on Kilimanjaro however you’ll by no means see crowds on Northern Circuit.

Rongai Route Rongai is the one route with a trailhead within the northern a part of Kilimanjaro. It options nice views and a reasonable altitude acclimatization transition. These looking for a extra personal expertise of communing with nature away from the crowds will discover this less-frequented trek a wonderful choice.

Umbwe Route Umbwe is the shortest approach to Uhuru with the steepest ascent. Acclimatization there’s difficult. Really helpful for the skilled mountaineer solely.

Lodging in Tanzania

Based mostly within the foothills of Kilimanjaro, Aishi Machame Resort is a house away from home- earlier than and after the trek- for a lot of climbers. Positioned inside a 10-minute drive from Machame Gate, this is likely one of the quietest locations round Kilimanjaro.

Altezza Lodge shall be a sensible choice for these preferring an opportunity to discover the German-built Moshi city. Whereas luxury-seekers might discover this to be a no-frills place, the Lodge does provide every part you could want for a snug keep – good rooms, restaurant, caring employees, sizzling water, dependable web and swimming pool.

Mount Kilimanjaro Fast Info

Top:

19,340 ft / 5,895 m

Location:

330km South of the equator on the East African coast

Peaks:

Kibo, Mawenzi, Shira

Local weather zones:

Rainforest, Heather, Moorland, Alpine, Arctic

Cities close by:

Moshi (Kilimanjaro area), Arusha (Arusha area)

Closest airport:

Kilimanjaro Worldwide Airport (JRO)

First climb:

1889, Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller

Quickest ascent:

6 hours and 42 minutes in 2014 by the Swiss Karl Egloff

Getting ready and Coaching for Climbing

Health for Kilimanjaro climb

Although climbing Mount Kilimanjaro doesn’t require particular mountaineering abilities, the expertise shall be extra satisfying and memorable if you’re in good bodily form. This isn’t to say that you simply should be an athlete- if you happen to can comfortably stroll as much as 15 km per day, you could think about your self bodily ready for a Kilimanjaro journey.

On the similar time, there are some primary workout routines that may maximize your health degree for the Kilimanjaro hike.

Cardio (cardio) coaching

The aim of cardio coaching is to stimulate and optimise your physique’s oxygen consumption. Having the ability to trek with out being unduly wanting breath regardless of excessive altitude goes a great distance in the direction of making the climb extra satisfying.

Good examples of cardio coaching embrace jogging (or working on a treadmill), swimming, martial arts, and biking. They prepare your circulatory system, making it higher ready for utilizing restricted quantities of oxygen effectively.

When you haven’t practiced any cardio exercise for some time, our recommendation is to begin coaching 2-Four months earlier than the beginning of your Kilimanjaro journey. If, nevertheless, you’re coaching reasonably repeatedly, it is best to simply preserve the regime.

On the similar time, we suggest giving your self a break from train for a few weeks earlier than the climb.

Errors of the bodily match climbers

Those that are in glorious form are notably vulnerable to everextending themselves by mountain climbing too quick, particularly on the primary days of the trek. This has typically been seen to end result within the fittest climbers, together with skilled athletes, dropping out of the climb after 3-Four days, whereas the much less match members of the group would have gone on to summit efficiently. The significance of permitting ample time for acclimatisation can’t be overstated!

Keep in mind: good health degree helps you sort out fatigue, nevertheless it solely has a reasonable impact in your acclimatization transition. Nevertheless match you could be, all the time stroll slowly.

Mountain climbing journeys within the countryside

Primarily, Mount Kilimanjaro journey is a protracted hike over typically rugged mountain terrain with many up- and downhills. Making a number of day journeys (mountain climbing time needs to be 5-10 hours) within the countryside is an effective approach to perceive what lies forward and put together your self.

Furthermore, if you happen to purchase new boots on your Kilimanjaro climb, these journeys shall be a great way to interrupt them in. Utilizing beforehand unworn mountain climbing boots can simply detract from one’s enjoyment of the mountain by giving one sores and blisters.

Packing Record

Be sure you pack every part you want on your Kilimanjaro journey. Take note of the next:

Paperwork:

  • Passport, legitimate for six months or extra
  • Visa, except you’re eligible for visa-on-arrival
  • Yellow fever vaccination, if you’re touring from a rustic with a threat of yellow fever transmission

Mountain climbing gear

Pack your Kilimanjaro outfit – verify our article to see what gear and clothes you will have for this journey. And remember- poor-quality tools and mountain climbing boots that haven’t been damaged in are a fail-proof approach to flip what needs to be the journey of a lifetime into catastrophe.

Private treatment

When you have any medical circumstances, seek the advice of your doctor earlier than enterprise the climb and ensure to carry the drugs you could require. Whereas your guides shall be outfitted with normal medical kits designed to deal with all widespread emergencies, it is best to care for any particular medical necessities, i.e. insulin or antiallergens.

Snacks

Although all meals and drinks are supplied on the trek, having an inexpensive quantity of snacks and vitality bars of your alternative shouldn’t be a foul concept.

Kilimanjaro Climbing Routes

There are six routes resulting in the height of Kilimanjaro. Every route has one thing particular to supply. Some are recognized for excellent acclimatization, others for epic panoramic landscapes. Two of them – Lemosho and Machame – are our favorites.They mix nice acclimatization transition and excessive scenic worth. Although Machame is usually crowded, Lemosho is all the time an awesome alternative. You shouldn’t, nevertheless, suppose that the opposite routes are dangerous. Even though acclimatization on different routes could also be tougher, the mountain climbing experiences are nonetheless distinctive.

Select Your Route

Climbing Gear and Gear Record

Whereas tenting tools is supplied by your guiding service, you may be accountable for bringing your private mountain climbing and clothes gear. Your alternative will largely decide the consolation and security of your Kilimanjaro expertise.

On this journey you may be traversing 5 totally different climatic zones, starting from rainforest with its sizzling and humid circumstances to the glacial planes on the prime with their sub zero temperatures. You need to be adequately ready.

Briefly, your mountain climbing gear pack ought to embrace mild garments for the primary days of your journey, hotter ones for the center leg and al sturdy and heat outfit for the summit evening. Keep in mind to take an insulated waterproof jacket, pants and rain poncho as a result of tropical showers usually are not that rare on Mt Kilimanjaro. An excellent sleeping bag is an absolute should. General, try to be prepared for the new (+25 C°) days and chilly (-15C°) nights.

Excessive-quality, sturdy mountain climbing boots are particularly vital. You can’t hike Kilimanjaro in coaching sneakers, although it’s advisable to carry them alongside for strolling at camp. High quality mountain climbing boots which have been properly damaged in will make all of the distinction in your approach to conquering the best level in Africa.

Purchase high-quality gear solely. This does essentially imply focusing on world-class brands- there are numerous reasonably priced alternate options. Nevertheless, don’t think about least expensive fashions and fakes. Be sure that your boots are neither too massive nor tight. This can make sure you keep away from sores, blisters and potential traumas.

As a result of shopping for every part could also be too pricey you must also think about the choice of hiring some objects or the entire package on the spot from one of many Kilimanjaro rental retailers.

Verify our Kilimanjaro package packing record to study every part it’s essential find out about tools and kit.

Packing Record

Footwear

Sturdy pair of mountain climbing boots

The footwear you select for the hike is essential on your security and summit success. High quality and well-fitting boots are a should. It’s advisable to interrupt them in earlier than your Kilimanjaro journey by making 2-Three easier treks.

Clothes and headwear

Excessive-quality trekking outfit

Your internal and outer layers for Kilimanjaro needs to be each heat and breatheable. Cotton needs to be averted and, as soon as once more, match will maximise your consolation. We’d suggest the North Face, Mountain Hardwear, and RedFox manufacturers

Equipment

Headlamps, trekking poles, and different objects

Your Kilimanjaro packing record must also embrace sturdy and powerful trekking poles, a headlamp with spare batteries, water bottles (or hydration bladders) and different important objects that may make your journey safer and extra handy.

Learn extra

Climate on Mount Kilimanjaro

The climate on Kilimanjaro varies with the seasons. The primary half of January until the start of March and early July by early October are brief on rain with clear skies making these the very best instances for climbing. These, nevertheless, are additionally the instances when a few of the routes might really feel considerably crowded.

Don’t cross out the wet months out of your journey dates – although the hike shall be extra arduous, you may be rewarded with the snow-capped peak of Kilimanjaro and considerably decrease numbers of hikers, even on the favored routes.

Month

Low (C)

Common (C)

Excessive (C)

Rainfall (in)

Jan

17,7

25,5

33,3

1,4

Feb

17,7

25,5

33,3

2,0

Jun

16,6

21,1

25,5

1,5

Jul

15,5

20,5

25,5

1,0

Aug

15,5

21,1

26,6

0,7

Sep

15,5

21,6

28,3

0,6

Oct

16,6

23,8

31,1

1,0

Dec

17,7

25

32,2

2,1

TEMPERATURE IN MOSHI, TANZANIA

Lowest t C°

Common t C°

Highest t C°

RAINFALL IN MOSHI, TANZANIA

Learn Extra

Security on Kilimanjaro

MEDICAL SERVICES AND HEALTHCARE

There are good hospitals in Kilimanjaro and Arusha with certified medical personnel. But, sure medical providers and requirements, that are commonplace within the Western international locations, are nonetheless unavailable in Tanzania. When you have a severe medical situation, which can require particular remedy, make certain to seek the advice of your doctor earlier than making journey preparations.

VACCINATIONS AND IMMUNIZATIONS

Except you’re coming into Tanzania from an space the place there’s a threat of yellow fever transmission (see this WHO record), there are not any vaccination necessities for coming into the nation. But, it is suggested to have photographs for yellow fever, hepatitis (A and B varieties), rabies and typhoid.

THE WILDLIFE ON KILIMANJARO

The wildlife of Kilimanjaro poses no risk to hikers. The commonest species there are monkeys, honey badgers, and galagos (“bush infants”). You might be fortunate to identify an elephant or a buffalo on the northern slopes. These animals all the time attempt to keep away from contact with people.

It’s endorsed to comply with the same old journey precautions. Amongst different issues, don’t depart your baggage unattended, don’t rent unofficial taxis (use these, supplied by the resort solely), ignore anybody approaching you within the streets with requests for assist or touting souvenirs (purchase solely in licensed retailers as a substitute).

Select longer trekking routes (7,Eight and 9-day packages are higher than 5 and 6-day ones). Don’t stroll too quick – ideally, your trekking tempo needs to be twice as gradual as your regular one. “Pole-pole” – stroll slowly in Swahili – shall be your climbing motto. Drink numerous water and keep away from caffeine. Observe these easy guidelines, and you’ll acclimatize easily and efficiently.

Altitude illness is a harmful bodily situation ensuing from publicity to low-oxygen circumstances. Except a climber is promptly evacuated upon displaying indicators of altitude illness, it might take extreme types – high-altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) or high-altitude cerebral oedema (HACE). Inform your information instantly if you happen to begin feeling unwell!

Each day medical check-ups are crucial. Each morning and night your guides shall be measuring your pulse and bodily oxygen degree. In some circumstances, they might determine to make use of a stethoscope to hearken to your lungs. Nevertheless glorious you could really feel, lacking these check-ups shouldn’t be factor.

Kilimanjaro medical kits have widespread drugs for the everyday issues attributable to the altitude transition, corresponding to nausea, diarrhea, and headache. Diamox is used for making altitude transition extra comfy. When you require any type of specialised treatment, make certain to carry it with you.

An outside sports activities insurance coverage package deal can prevent some huge cash if one thing goes mistaken. It’s an absolute should for all Kilimanjaro treks. The insurance coverage ought to cowl high-altitude trekking actions (as much as 6,000 m/20,000 f) and helicopter evacuation. Be certain that to verify that together with your insurance coverage supplier. Additionally, it is suggested to keep away from reserving with the businesses, which don’t require journey insurance coverage for participating of their excursions.

A climber affected by high-altitude illness ought to begin descending instantly. In circumstances the place the climber is now not able to strolling stretchers are used for descent to decrease altitudes. Probably the most extreme circumstances might require helicopter transfers on to the hospital, which needs to be organized by your operator. When you e book with a trekking clothes shop apart from Altezza Journey At all times – all the time make certain to verify together with your agent that this service is included.

Climbing Crew

Skilled guiding crews make Mount Kilimanjaro climbing expeditions strikingly totally different from different well-liked mountaineering journeys. Whereas on many of the different well-liked treks the guides merely lead your manner, your Kilimanjaro climbing crew shall be caring for every part – from carrying your duffel bag with gear to making ready meals and pitching tents. Every member of the climbing crew receives particular coaching and certification in line with his/her function within the staff. Most Kilimanjaro climb crew members dream of turning into chief guides sometime, but solely a choose few succeed. Other than good English, this place requires years of coaching, perseverance, and dedication. The precise composition of your guiding staff largely is dependent upon the tour kind and length. Thus, longer journeys and distant routes each require bigger crews for extra tools and provides.

Honest remedy of porters

Whereas reserving a Kilimanjaro tour bear in mind to verify if a tour operator is taking correct care of the climbing crews. An excellent clothes shop, corresponding to Altezza Journey, all the time gives three nutritious meals day by day and correct tools – sleeping luggage and well-insulated tents – to guides and porters.

Additionally, it’s customary to offer tricks to your climbing crew if you happen to preferred their efficiency. An quantity of USD 250-350 from every climber is at the moment’s normal.

First responder

Victor Mahonge

Mt Kilimanjaro information

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Mt Kilimanjaro information

Climbing expertise – 7 years

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Climbing expertise – 12 years

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Kilimanjaro Climbing and Tenting Situations

FAQ – Regularly Requested Questions

Is it potential to cost devices on Kilimanjaro?

There are not any energy shops at Kilimanjaro camps. Taking an influence financial institution is due to this fact advisable. Solar energy banks are additionally helpful.

Can I climb Mount Kilimanjaro with out a information?

No, you possibly can’t. The principles of Mount Kilimanjaro Nationwide Park expressly state that licensed guides shall accompany all trekkers.

What are the very best books to examine Kilimanjaro?

What’s the right spelling of Kilimanjaro?

The proper modern English spelling is Kilimanjaro. Nevertheless, different spellings of the title could also be present in different European languages. For instance, the phrase Kilimandzaro is kind of well-liked in Poland and different East European international locations.

Can I climb Mount Kilimanjaro to fundraise for charity?

In fact, you possibly can! There are many worldwide organizations working charitable Kilimanjaro climbs. Some nice examples embrace:

  • Wings of Kilimanjaro. Other than supplying you with an opportunity to fly from the roof of Africa, this mission focuses on serving to the impoverished native communities by constructing colleges and wells.
  • Becoming a member of Lifewater journeys is an effective way to assist in offering clear water to rural areas.
  • Motion towards Starvation mission focuses on working varied meals safety, water, and sanitation packages.

How lengthy does it take to climb Mount Kilimanjaro?

Relying on the route, normal Kilimanjaro itineraries take from 5 to eight days to finish. 5-day and 6-day packages ought to solely be thought-about by skilled hikers with prior acclimatization. An extended length is all the time advisable for higher acclimatization transition. Including additional acclimatization days to the usual packages is feasible and advisable.

Is Swahili a tough language to study?

Under no circumstances, although, as with every different language, it takes a while. Listed below are some primary phrases:

  • Good day = jambo
  • How are you? = habari gani?
  • Good = nzuri
  • Goodbye = kwa heri
  • A pleasure to fulfill you = nafurahi kukuona
  • Have sleep/Goodnight = lala salama
  • Please = tafadhali
  • Excuse me = samahani
  • My title is = jina langu ni
  • What’s your title? = jina lako nani?
  • Do you communicate English? = unaongea Kiingereza?

What energy shops are utilized in Tanzania?

The usual voltage in Tanzania is 230 V. Energy plugs utilized in Tanzania are D and G varieties (just like those utilized in the UK).

What’s Tanzanian meals like?

It’s a combination of Indian, Arabic, and conventional African cuisines. As meals is an integral a part of any tradition, tasting native dishes is very advisable.

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Concerning the writer

Dmitriy Andreychuk

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dima is a Tanzania-based journey knowledgeable with a number of Kilimanjaro hikes beneath his belt. He contributed his information and abilities to many notable expeditions, together with Wings of Kilimanjaro 2019, BASE-jump journey with Purple Bull, Nationwide Geographic journeys and lots of different adventures.

At Altezza Journey Dima is the Kilimanjaro Expeditions Coordinator. Yearly he supervises the departure of over 1500 Kilimanjaro trekkers, appoints the guides and makes certain that every part goes as deliberate earlier than, throughout and after the expedition.

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