Flag-carrier airline of Italy

Alitalia – Società Aerea Italiana S.p.A,[6][7] working as Alitalia (Italian pronunciation: [aliˈtaːlja]), is the flag service and largest airline of Italy.[8] The corporate has its head workplace in Fiumicino, Metropolitan Metropolis of Rome Capital.[9] Its principal hub is Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, Rome, with a secondary hub at Linate Airport, Milan. Different focus airports are Catania–Fontanarossa Airport, Milan Malpensa Airport, Palermo Airport and Naples Airport.[3] The airline is absolutely owned by the Authorities of Italy since 17 March 2020. The airline operates a fleet of Airbus A319, Airbus A320, Airbus A321, Airbus A330-200, and Boeing 777-200ER plane to over 100 scheduled home, European and intercontinental locations. The airline is a full member of SkyTeam alliance. In 2018, it was the twelfth-largest airline in Europe.

Historical past[edit]

Alitalia-Linee Aeree Italiane[edit]

Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. was established on 16 September 1946 as Aerolinee Italiane Internazionali (Italian Worldwide Airways). It was fashioned because of an Anglo-Italian settlement and was funded by the Italian authorities and British European Airways (BEA) in a 60/40 share association with a capital of 900 million lire (£1,000,000).[10] Its fashionable identify, Alitalia, blended the Italian phrases ali (wings) and Italia (Italy). It began operations on 5 Could 1947, wherein 12 months it carried over 10,000 passengers. The inaugural flight was with a Fiat G.12 Alcione, piloted by Virginio Reinero from Turin to Catania and Rome.

The primary intercontinental flight left a 12 months later, flying between Milan and cities in South America. The Savoia-Marchetti SM.95 4 engined airliner was used on European routes as much as 1949. On 31 October 1957, Alitalia merged with Linee Aeree Italiane and took on the identify of Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane. Alitalia was owned by the Italian Ministry of the Treasury (49%), different shareholders, together with staff (49%) and Air France-KLM (2%, now: 25%).

By 1960 Alitalia was working jet airliners on some European routes (the Sud Caravelle) and the Douglas DC-Eight on a number of longer distance routes. The Vickers Viscount propeller-turbine four-engined airliner was flown by Alitalia on its European community all through the 1960s.

In 1978 Alitalia had its head workplace within the Palazzo Alitalia in Rome.[11]

By the 1990s Alitalia was carrying 25 million passengers yearly. In 1997 it arrange a regional subsidiary Alitalia Expressand in 2001 turned a member of SkyTeam. In November 2003 Alitalia introduced that it could lower 2,700 jobs over the following three years to arrange the airline for a merger with Air France and KLM. In April 2004 Alitalia acquired Gandalf Airways, a bankrupt regional airline, to achieve further slots at a number of European airports, primarily in Milan (Linate) and Paris (Charles De Gaulle).

In 1995 Alitalia signed a partnership with KLM which aimed toward a merger. The goal of the partnership was to develop Malpensa as a hub, together with Amsterdam (which lacked sufficient touchdown slots to broaden additional) and Rome Fiumicino.

Usually, the Pope flies on a chartered Alitalia Jet. The Pope’s flight is usually nicknamed “Shepherd One” by the press, whereas the precise callsign is “Volo Papale” (papal flight, in Italian) adopted by a serial quantity.[12]

In 2001 Alitalia renewed the bottom dealing with contract with SEA. In the identical 12 months Alitalia joined SkyTeam alliance. [13]

In September 2007, Alitalia introduced that it could almost halve its hub at Malpensa and as a substitute give attention to Rome-Fiumicino and transfer all intercontinental flights there. Till this announcement, Malpensa had been Alitalia’s main hub for intercontinental flights. The transition away from Malpensa and in direction of Rome-Fiumicino was accomplished by the top of March 2008. Minor intercontentinental locations, which beforehand obtained flights solely from Malpensa, henceforth obtained solely flights from Rome-Fiumicino, or else had been discontinued.

Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana[edit]

In 2008, a gaggle of traders fashioned the “Compagnia Aerea Italiana” (CAI) consortium to purchase the bankrupt Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane (“previous” Alitalia) and to merge these with Air One, one other bankrupt Italian service.[14][15]

On 30 October 2008, CAI supplied €1 billion to amass elements of the bankrupt airline, amidst pilots’ and flight crew members’ opposition to labour agreements.[16] On 19 November 2008, CAI’s provide was accepted by the chapter administrator of Alitalia with the permission of the Italian authorities, on the time the bulk shareholder of the bankrupt airline.[17] Alitalia’s worthwhile belongings had been transferred to CAI on 12 December 2008 after CAI paid €1.05 billion, consisting of €427 million in money and the idea of accountability for €625 million in Alitalia debt.[18]

A USA diplomatic cable disclosed in 2011 summarised the operation as follows: “Beneath the guise of a quite quaint (and distinctly un-EU) want to take care of the Italian-ness of the corporate, a gaggle of rich Berlusconi cronies was enticed into taking on the wholesome parts of Alitalia, leaving its money owed to the Italian taxpayers. The principles of chapter had been modified in the course of the sport to satisfy the federal government’s wants. Berlusconi pulled this one off, however his involvement in all probability value the Italian taxpayers some huge cash.”[19]

On 13 January 2009, the “new” Alitalia launched operations. The homeowners of Compagnia Aerea Italiana bought 25% of the corporate’s shares to Air France-KLM for €322 million. Air France-KLM additionally obtained an choice, topic to sure circumstances, to buy further shares after 2013.[20]

The “new” Alitalia has not claimed the previous Alitalia’s historical past as its personal, as will be seen in official paperwork relating to the brand new “Alitalia Group”.[21] As a substitute, they burdened that they had been a completely totally different firm: they selected to not acknowledge advantages akin to discounted tickets to former Alitalia-LAI staff and refused to honour passengers’ claims towards the previous Alitalia.[22]

The brand new Alitalia doesn’t personal lots of its working airplanes. (Alitalia-LAI had owned all of its airplanes.) Nearly each aircraft that CAI had acquired from the previous Alitalia was bought or decommissioned. Alitalia-CAI airplanes are leased largely from Plane Buy Fleet (it),[23] an Irish firm owned by Carlo Toto, the previous proprietor of the bankrupt[14]Air One, which was merged in 2008 into Alitalia-CAI when the brand new firm was based.

Alitalia – Società Aerea Italiana[edit]

In January 2010, Alitalia celebrated its first anniversary for the reason that relaunch. It carried 22 million passengers in its first 12 months of operations.[24] In 2011, 25 million passengers had been carried.[25] On 1 February 2010, it was introduced that Alitalia crew would go on a four-hour strike over wages. This was the primary strike motion for Alitalia for the reason that relaunch.[26] On 11 February 2010, Alitalia introduced that, ranging from March 2010, it could use Air One as a low-fare airline (“Good Service”), with operations primarily based at Milan Malpensa Airport, centered on short-haul leisure routes. It was predicted that the subsidiary would deal with 2.Four million passengers by 2012.[27] In 2011, 1.Four million passengers had been carried by the subsidiary.[25] Though operations had been initially to be concentrated at Milan Malpensa, Air One later operated from Milan-Malpensa, Venice-Marco Polo, Pisa and Catania as of January 2013.

On 12 February 2011, info was launched a few doable merger between Alitalia and Meridiana Fly, one other Italian service.[28] The merger didn’t happen. On 23 February 2011, Alitalia and ENAC introduced the introduction of a security card written in braille and characters in 3-D reduction, which is the primary of its type.[29] On 25 January 2012, Alitalia signed memoranda of understanding with two different Italian airways, Blue Panorama and Wind Jet, and mentioned to have began processes “aimed toward reaching integration” with them.[30] By the top of July 2012, the Italian antitrust authority allowed Alitalia to amass Wind Jet, however in return Alitalia must cede slots on home routes. Confronted with this, Alitalia cancelled the plans a number of days later in August 2012.[31]

On Three Could 2013, in a sting codenamed “Operation Clear Holds”, police made 49 arrests at Rome’s Fiumicino airport, with one other 37 in Italian airports together with Bari, Bologna, Milan Linate, Naples, Palermo and Verona. All had been Alitalia staff caught on digital camera and most had been charged with aggravated theft and injury.[32] In late 2013, dealing with chapter, the lack of a significant gasoline provider, and a doable grounding by Italy’s civil aviation authority, the airline introduced a €500 million rescue bundle which included a €75 million funding by the Italian state-owned postal operator.[33]

Etihad Airways Joint Enterprise[edit]

In June 2014, the Abu Dhabi-based UAE nationwide airline Etihad Airways introduced it was taking a 49% stake in Alitalia.[34] On 30 September 2014, Alitalia’s price range subsidiary Air One ceased flight operations.

On 1 January 2015, Alitalia-CAI formally handed its operations to Alitalia-SAI, a brand new entity owned 49% by Abu Dhabi-based Etihad Airways and 51% owned by the previous Italian stakeholders of Alitalia-CAI.[34][35] In Could 2015, Alitalia introduced it could terminate its partnership with Air France-KLM in 2017, stating that there have been not sufficient benefits from the three way partnership to stick with it.[36]

In February 2016, Alitalia introduced that in late March 2016 it could cancel most of its routes from Pisa, together with Moscow, Prague, Berlin, Catania and Tirana. Alitalia determined to proceed flying to Olbia and Rome.[37]

On 25 April 2017, after Alitalia staff rejected job-cuts proposal aimed toward lowering prices, the airline introduced that it’s going to begin going by a chapter course of, starting with the appointment of an administrator.[38] The Italian authorities permitted Alitalia to file for chapter on 2 Could 2017.[39] On 17 Could 2017, after the federal government had dominated out nationalizing the airline, it was formally put up on the market to be auctioned off.[40] In June, EasyJet expressed curiosity in buying the airline.[41]Ryanair additionally expressed curiosity however dropped its bid after the chaos attributable to Ryanair’s flight cancellations.[42]

In 2018, Delta Air Strains, EasyJet and Italian railway firm Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane lodged formal expressions of curiosity to amass Alitalia;[43] talks between the events had been opened in February 2019.[44] In March 2019, EasyJet introduced that it had withdrawn from the discussions.[45] After the official go to of Chinese language President Xi Jinping to Rome, China Japanese Airways expressed curiosity in Alitalia’s rescue plan and will spend as much as €100 million in change for a 10% stake.[46] Delta Air Strains acknowledged to Reuters that it was able to put money into Alitalia however {that a} 10% stake was the suitable means for them to take action.[47]

Return to state possession[edit]

On 17 March 2020 the Italian authorities took full management over the airline after speak with variety of Italian and Worldwide corporations didn’t agree with phrases of them being shareholders of the airline. [48][49]

In April 2020, the Italian authorities introduced it could take over Alitalia in Could because it couldn’t survive the COVID-19 disaster by itself. The fleet can be decreased from 113 plane to “greater than 90”.[50] The airline can be questioning if it ought to stay in SkyTeam, which it has been a member of since 2001.[13]

On 21 Could 2020, Alitalia left the SkyTeam Transatlantic Joint Ventures.[51]

On 29 June 2020, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte introduced that Francesco Caio was named Chairman and Fabio Lazzerini was named CEO of the brand new Alitalia.[52]

On 10 October 2020, the Italian authorities signed a decree to permit to reorganize the airline, which incorporates altering the identify of the airline into ITA (Italian: Italia Trasporto Aereo) as the federal government plans to discontinue the Alitalia identify.[53][failed verification]

Company affairs[edit]

Firm standing and construction[edit]

Alitalia’s continued loss-making over a number of years has led to numerous modifications of possession and standing. As of August 2019, the corporate (Alitalia – Società Aerea Italiana S.p.A.) and its subsidiary Cityliner (Alitalia Cityliner S.p.A.) are in Extraordinary Administration (EA), by advantage of decrees of the Ministry of Financial Improvement on 2 Could and 12 Could 2017 respectively, and had been declared bancrupt on 11 Could and 26 Could 2017 respectively.[54] Luigi Gubitosi, Prof. Enrico Laghi and Prof. Stefano Paleari had been appointed as Extraordinary Commissioners of the Firms in EA.

By way of possession, the present shareholders seem like Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane (the Italian state railway firm) with 35%, the Italian Ministry of Economic system sustaining an extra 15% and Delta Air Strains offering technical experience with a minority 10% stake. The now-majority stakeholder Ferrovie dello Stato is reported to be searching for investor(s) to offer a 40% stake.[56]

Since 2020, Alitalia and its subsidiaries are actually owned by the Italian authorities.[48]

Enterprise traits[edit]

Though declared bankrupt, the airline continues to commerce, albeit unprofitably.

The current key traits of the brand new group (Alitalia – Società Aerea Italiana S.p.A.), together with Alitalia CityLiner, that commenced buying and selling on 1 January 2015, are (as at 12 months ending 31 December):

2015 2016 2017 2018
Turnover (€ m) 3,312 2,880 2,915 3,071
Web revenue/loss (EBIT) (€ m) -199 -360 -496 -343
Variety of staff (FTE)(at 12 months finish) × × 10,871 10,711
Variety of passengers (m) 22.1 22.6 21.3 21.8
Passenger load issue (%) 76.2 78.7 78.7 80.0
Variety of plane (group)(at 12 months finish) 141 × 121 ×
Notes/sources [57] [4] [4][58]
[5][59]
[60][61]
[62]

Historic enterprise and working outcomes for Alitalia’s efficiency earlier than the 2015 reorganisation, the place obtainable, had been:

12 months Working revenue (€ thousands and thousands) Load Issue (%) On-time (%)
Q1
Q2
Q3
This autumn
Whole Q1 Q2 Q3 This autumn Common Q1 Q2 Q3 This autumn Common
2009[63] -210 -63 15 -15 -273 51 65 74 70 65 72 72 ND ND 72
2010[64][65][66][67] -125 -4 56 -34 -107 65 71 76 72 71 82 83 ND ND 80
2011[25][68][69][70] -86 17 90 -27 -6 64 72 78 77 73 91 85 86 80 86
2012[71][72][73] -109 -60 50 0 -119 69 73 78 80 75 88 90 84 86 87
2013[74][75] -136 ND 36 ND -50 71 ND 79 ND 75 88 ND 86 ND 87
2014[76] ND × × × ND 72 × × × 72 ND × × × ND

ND = No Information

Head workplace[edit]

Alitalia’s head workplace is situated in Constructing Alfa at Through Alberto Nassetti in Fiumicino, Province of Rome.[9] The company headquarters was designed by AMDL, a Milan-based structure agency.[77] The top workplace was beforehand in a constructing at Piazza Almerico da Schio, additionally in Fiumicino.[78]

Branding[edit]

Alitalia adopted a brand new emblem in 2009. It was designed by Saatchi & Saatchi. This model has been up to date once more in 2016.

Alitalia branding is iconic with Italians because the airline adopts the colours of the Flag of Italy (Inexperienced, White, Pink). The identify of Alitalia is designed as an Italian portmanteau of the phrases ali (‘wings’) and Italia (‘Italy’).[79]

The enduring livery designed primarily based on its emblem has the letter A painted on its tail fin of the plane. Since 1996 the Airline adopted the Hockey stick plane livery design. Because the Etihad Airways Joint Enterprise the airline resigned its livery with a heat ivory fuselage design with solely the Alitalia A warp across the tail and the tail part of the airplane. The present branding and livery design was created by Landor.[80]

Promoting[edit]

Quite a lot of totally different slogans have been utilized by Alitalia:

  • Alitalia vola con te” (Alitalia flies with you)[81]
  • Fatti per volare alto” (Made to fly excessive)[82]
  • Alitalia, al lavoro per te” (Alitalia, working for you)[83]
  • Muoviamo chi muove l’Italia” (We transfer those that transfer Italy)[84]
  • Scegli come volare” (Select learn how to fly)[85]
  • The pleasure of flying Made in Italy[86]

In 2014, the corporate adopted a brand new slogan[87]

  • The place the journey meets the vacation spot.” (Worldwide commercial)

Monetary Points[edit]

Alitalia – LAI Monetary Concern[edit]

Alitalia-Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. misplaced cash for years owing to issues with pilots and crew members[citation needed] and labour difficulties[citation needed], and to authorities and political interference with makes an attempt to resolve them.[citation needed] The Italian authorities supported Alitalia many occasions till the European Union set a moratorium on any assist earlier than 2011. Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. didn’t survive this moratorium. Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. went into liquidation in 2008. The viable elements of Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. had been purchased by the non-public firm Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana on 12 December 2008, which began operations on 13 January 2009.

Alitalia has reported just one 12 months of revenue (1998) since its basis in 1946. Alitalia reported internet losses of greater than €3.7 billion between 1999 and 2008. Earlier state support to Alitalia included some €1.5 billion in 1998 from the federal government of premier Romano Prodi. In 2002 Alitalia obtained a capital enhance of €1.432 billion beneath the federal government of Silvio Berlusconi. In 2004 the Berlusconi authorities gave a €400mn ‘bridge’ mortgage to Alitalia. In 2005 the capital of Alitalia was elevated by €1.6 billion, together with an over €500mn bond float issued with the promise of a return to revenue in 2006. (Sadly the 12 months ended with a lack of €626 million). In 2008 the Italian authorities gave a bridging mortgage of €300mn to Alitalia.

The federal government might in 2006 not provide assist to the failing airline because it had been forbidden by the European Union to inject new capital. Subsequently, as all different makes an attempt to avoid wasting the corporate had failed, the Italian authorities introduced its willingness to guide Alitalia in direction of privatization by reducing its a part of possession in it. A number of failed makes an attempt to take over or merge Alitalia had been made.

In Could 2008 the federal government issued a decree that may exempt Alitalia from disclosing info on this sale to the market.[88] As a consequence the commerce in Alitalia inventory on the Borsa Italiana in Milan was halted indefinitely by the inventory change authorities as of Four June 2008. Intesa Sanpaolo, as requested by the federal government, devised a plan in co-operation with the Italian cupboard. The plan was that Alitalia would file for chapter, and thus be shielded from its collectors. The following step of the plan was to separate Alitalia in two elements, one half containing the money owed and fewer promising elements of the corporate. After negotiations beneath supervision of the Italian authorities Alitalia filed for chapter in August 2008.

In September 2008, Pope Benedict XVI revealed that he was providing his prayer for Alitalia after takeover talks broke down.[89]

Alitalia – CAI Monetary Concern[edit]

CAI, Compagnia Aerea Italiana, a consortium of Italian traders, introduced a binding provide of €1,100 million to Alitalia’s chapter administrator on 30 October 2008 to amass elements of the airline, urgent forward regardless of refusal by some pilots and flight attendants’ unions to signal on to the rescue plan. The Italian authorities and the chapter administrator agreed to the CAI takeover provide on 19 November 2008. The worthwhile belongings of Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. had been transferred to CAI on 12 December 2008, when CAI paid the supplied sum. CAI paid €1.052 billion ($1.33 billion), paying €427 million in money and taking over €625 million in Alitalia money owed. CAI is chargeable for all Alitalia bills per 1 December 2008.[90] CAI purchased Air One as properly.

Locations[edit]

Alitalia serves 97 locations (as of October 2019). Alitalia’s hub is at Rome’s Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport. 4 different Italian airports are focus cities.[3]

Alliances[edit]

Alitalia has been within the SkyTeam alliance since 2009; Alitalia – LAI initially joined in 2001.[91] Alitalia has since organized code-share agreements with SkyTeam members, permitting passengers to fly to quite a few locations (with some or all segments operated by airways apart from Alitalia) utilizing a single Alitalia ticket.[92] In July 2010, Alitalia additionally joined Air France, KLM and Delta’s transatlantic Joint Enterprise, which means that the earnings from flights throughout the Atlantic are shared between the 4 airways.[93]

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Alitalia codeshares with the next airways:[94]

Present fleet[edit]

As of September 2020, the Alitalia fleet operates the next plane.


Fleet improvement[edit]

Between 2009 and 2011, Alitalia renewed its fleet with 34 new plane, whereas 26 older planes had been retired. The renewal course of resulted in early 2013.[25] These new planes will not be owned by Alitalia itself however are leased largely from Plane Buy Fleet, an Irish leasing firm created by former Air One proprietor Carlo Toto primarily to buy the brand new Alitalia fleet.[23] Following the Air One merger, your entire fleet that was not already leased from different lessors, plus the previous Air One fleet that was owned by Air One outright, got here beneath the possession of APF, a subsidiary of Toto’s Italian conglomerate Toto Holding. Nearly all of the fleet is now on the Irish registry as a substitute of the Italian registry.

Throughout its restructuring in 2020 with the Italian authorities possession in Alitalia, the airline deliberate to scale back the 113 plane to “greater than 90”.[50]

In 2020 Alitalia has been replanning the fleet measurement and varieties of plane for future operations. Alitalia is at the moment solely in plans and no contract has been but signed which suggests there could be modifications as a result of way forward for the fleet. Alitalia total plans to plan out the fleet by shopping for an undetermined amount of Airbus A220-100 and Airbus A220-300 for its Alitalia CityLiner fleet. Alitalia plans for its mainline fleet to make use of the present Airbus A320-200 however presumably plans to purchase the Airbus A320neo. For Lengthy-haul Alitalia is as a substitute planning to make use of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner wherein the variants could be the Boeing 787-Eight and the Boeing 787-9. All of those plane total would come out with a reduction of or above the 50%-off low cost. Airbus would pull the rug on Boeing to promote the Boeing 787 Dreamliner and quite provide their all-new Airbus A330neo and the all-new Airbus A350 XWB wherein the variants could be the Airbus A330-900neo and the Airbus A350-900. General Airbus to presumably persuade Alitalia they would wish to make reductions as much as a powerful 65% to 70% off. Alitalia hasn’t but made a contract with the plane producers however has already been involved with them for the long run.[123][124][125]

Historic fleet[edit]

  • Alitalia through the 1960s began main European airways into the Jet Age and it turned the primary airline in Europe to undertake an all jet plane fleet in 1969.[127]
  • The Boeing 767-300ER was launched to the Alitalia-Linee Aeree Italiane fleet in 1994, and retired after 17 years of service in 2012. The final 767 flight was AZ845 from Accra by way of Lagos to Rome on 25 October 2012.[128]
  • The McDonnell Douglas MD-82 was launched to the Alitalia-Linee Aeree Italiane fleet in 1983, after which retired in 2012 after 29 years of service. The final flight with this plane sort operated on 27 October 2012 utilizing the aircraft with registration I-DATI on flight AZ1740 (Catania-Milan-Linate). The identical plane on 17 December 2012 operated a memorial flight from Rome-Fiumicino Airport to Trieste Airport with journalists and ex-Alitalia’s CEO Andrea Ragnetti on board. Throughout touchdown, I-DATI was supported by Frecce Tricolori; they did a present for the event.[citation needed]

Particular liveries[edit]

An Alitalia A320-200 (registration: EI-DSW) in Jeep Renegade particular livery.
  • In mid-2009, a Boeing 767-300ER (EI-DBP) was painted within the SkyTeam livery.[129]
  • On 19 July 2010, an Airbus A320-200 (EI-DSA), which had beforehand been within the Air One livery, was painted in a particular “Alitalia.com” livery.[130] This aircraft is now carrying Alitalia-SAI livery.
  • In March 2012, an Embraer E-190-100LR (EI-RND) was delivered within the SkyTeam livery.[131]
  • In March 2012, a Boeing 777-200ER (EI-DDH) was painted within the SkyTeam livery.[132]
  • In April 2012, an Airbus A321-100 (EI-IXI) was painted within the historic livery of Freccia Alata-Linee Aeree Italiane, Alitalia’s predecessor. This aircraft is now scrapped.[133][134]
  • In November 2013, an Airbus A330-200 (EI-DIR), which had beforehand been within the Air One livery, was painted within the SkyTeam livery.
  • In March 2014, an Airbus A330-200 (EI-EJG) and an Airbus A320-200 (EI-DSM) had been painted in a particular livery devoted to Calabria. EI-EJG is now carrying Alitalia-SAI livery and EI-DSM is bought to Congo Airways.
  • In April 2014, an Airbus A319-100 (EI-IMI) was painted in a particular livery devoted to Friuli-Venezia Giulia. From August 2015 this aircraft is carrying Alitalia-SAI livery.
  • In October 2014, an Airbus A330-200 (EI-EJM) was painted in a particular livery, in cooperation with its accomplice Etihad Airways, devoted to Expo 2015. This aircraft is now carrying Alitalia-SAI livery.
  • In December 2014, an Airbus A320-200 (EI-DSW) was painted in a Jeep Renegade Livery.[135]

Providers[edit]

In-flight providers[edit]

Alitalia has 4 courses of service:[136] Economic system, Premium Economic system, Enterprise Class Medium Haul and Magnifica.[137] Solely lengthy haul plane provide WiFi and seat again leisure.

Frequent-flyer program[edit]

The airline’s frequent-flyer program is called “MilleMiglia” (thousand miles), and is a part of the SkyTeam alliance program, permitting passengers to gather miles and redeem them with free tickets throughout the entire alliance.[138]

It additionally grants entry to Alitalia’s Privilege golf equipment, Ulisse, Freccia Alata, and Freccia Alata Plus, relying on the variety of miles collected in a 12 months, with varied benefits relying on the membership. These golf equipment give entry to SkyTeam Elite (Ulisse) and SkyTeam Elite+ (Freccia Alata, Freccia Alata plus).[138]

On Three February 2015, Etihad Airways acquired a 75 per cent stake in Alitalia Loyalty S.p.A, the proprietor and operator of MilleMiglia, with Alitalia retaining the remaining 25 per cent stake. Alitalia Loyalty was now a part of International Loyalty Firm (GLC), a loyalty and life-style firm that aimed to permit Etihad Airways and its companions to focus on the worldwide loyalty market extra successfully. GLC additionally consists of Etihad Airways’ Etihad Visitor. Collectively, Etihad Visitor, topbonus, JetPrivilege and MilleMiglia had a mixed whole of 14 million members worldwide.[139]
Nonetheless, on 18 December 2018, Alitalia and International Loyalty Firm LLC signed an settlement beneath which International Loyalty Firm LLC bought the 75% of Alitalia Loyalty S.p.A. to the Italian service.[140]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Alitalia – LAI[edit]

Seven Alitalia – LAI flights had been hijacked, and 28 plane accidents or incidents concerned Alitalia – LAI planes.[141]

Two Alitalia pilots, Alberto Nassetti and Pier Paolo Racchetti, had been killed whereas performing as passengers through the 1994 A330 check flight.[142] Alitalia truly by no means bought the A330, and devoted two Boeing 767 plane to the misplaced pilots.[citation needed]

On 30 June 1982, an Alitalia Boeing 747 with 340 passengers was hijacked by a Sri Lankan man, Sepala Ekanayake. He demanded $300,000, for the aircraft to fly to Bangkok-Don Muang Worldwide Airport and for his spouse and son to be dropped at Bangkok. After the hijacking Sepala Ekanayake was despatched to Sri Lanka the place he was arrested and sentenced to jail.[143]

Flight Date Plane Location Description Accidents
Deadly Critical Minor Unhurt
451 18 December 1954 Douglas DC-6B New York, Idlewild Airport The DC-6 was on its 4th try to land at New York-Idlewild when it struck the pier which supported the left row of runway 04 slope line strategy lights.[144] 34 0 1 0
21 December 1959 Vickers Viscount Rome, Ciampino Airport Crashed in need of the runway whereas used for a crew test involving a simulated emergency touchdown.[145] 2 0 0 0
AZ618 26 February 1960 Douglas DC-7C Shannon, Eire Crashed after shedding peak after takeoff for unknown causes.[146] 34 18 0 0
771 7 July 1962 Douglas DC-8 Mumbai, Sahar Worldwide Airport, India Managed flight into terrain whereas on a night-time strategy following a navigation error that prompted a untimely descent.[147] 94 0 0 0
45 28 March 1964 Vickers Viscount Naples, Monte Somma, Italy Crashed throughout an incorrect visible strategy at evening in dangerous climate circumstances.[148] 45 0 0 0
660 2 August 1968 Douglas DC-8 Milan, Malpensa Airport, Italy Crashed following a non-standard strategy process in very extreme climate circumstances.[149] 13 0 82 0
112 5 Could 1972 Douglas DC-8 Palermo, Punta Raisi Airport, Italy Managed flight into terrain whereas on a night-time strategy non-compliant with the established procedures.[150] 115 0 0 0
4128 23 December 1978 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Palermo, Punta Raisi Airport, Italy Crashed within the sea shortly earlier than touchdown whereas on a night-time strategy following a untimely descent.[151] 107 0 0 21
404 14 November 1990 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Zürich, Kloten Airport, Switzerland Managed flight into terrain whereas on a night-time strategy after descending beneath the glide path due to incorrect indications within the NAV tools.[152] 46 0 0 0

Alitalia – CAI[edit]

Listed below are incidents since Alitalia-CAI’s launch of operations on 13 January 2009:

An Alitalia A320-200, registered as EI-EIB, which was concerned in 29 September 2013 incident
  • On 24 April 2011, an try was made to hijack Alitalia Flight 329, en route from Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris, France to Fiumicino Airport, Rome and divert it to Tripoli Worldwide Airport, Libya. The hijacker, reported to be an advisor to the Kazakhstan delegation to UNESCO, was subdued by cabin crew and different passengers. He was arrested and brought into custody after the plane made a protected touchdown at Rome.[153]
  • On 2 February 2013 at 20:32, a Carpatair ATR 72 YR-ATS working on behalf of Alitalia skilled a tough touchdown due to robust gusty wind at Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport in Rome whereas arriving from Pisa. Sixteen folks had been injured, two significantly, of which one was the co-pilot.[154]
  • On 29 September 2013 at 20:10, Alitalia Airbus A320 EI-EIB[155] flying from Madrid–Barajas Airport to Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport was unable to totally decrease the suitable principal touchdown gear on touchdown throughout a storm. The plane toppled and skidded off the runway. Ten passengers suffered minor accidents.[156][157]

Controversy[edit]

Volare controversy[edit]

In December 2005, the bankrupt Volare Group (Volareweb, Air Europe) was put up on the market. Alitalia bid to purchase the group (different bidders had been Air One and Meridiana/Eurofly). Air One went to courtroom claiming that Alitalia couldn’t purchase Volare Group because it had obtained state support previously. The TAR (Regional Administrative Tribunal) of Lazio tried to dam Alitalia’s acquisition of Volare Group however deserted the try, claiming that Alitalia had repaid its €400 million mortgage and so there could be nothing stopping it from shopping for Volare Group. Air One additionally went to courtroom, unsuccessfully. Alitalia created Volare SpA to purchase the Volare Group. The airways had been changing into nearer and Volare Group had began offering delicate upkeep providers for some Alitalia plane in Milan Malpensa airport. Nonetheless, the Italian Consiglio di Stato (State Council) on 23 Could 2006 has as soon as once more blocked the acquisition of the airline. It isn’t clear what will occur as Volare is in critical monetary difficulties. On 2 November 2006 TAR courtroom determined that the executive process utilized by the Italian authorities to promote Volare to Alitalia was invalid however the promoting contract remains to be legitimate as a result of the executive courtroom was declared incompetent about this subject. If Air One needs to acquire Volare it should go to the native civil courtroom and ask it to declare that the promoting contract is invalid. Alitalia’s provide for 38 million euros was the profitable bid. On 15 Could 2006 the previous Volare Group staff had been transferred to Volare SpA (the Alitalia subsidiary).

Antitrust Points with Alitalia – LAI[edit]

In December 2005, Italy’s antitrust company fined Alitalia €30,000 for deceptive shoppers by promoting a round-trip flight tariff whereas displaying solely the worth of a one-way ticket. The antitrust company in a press release mentioned the commercial appeared on Alitalia’s web page throughout Could and June 2005.

The European Courtroom of Justice has in July 2008 rejected an attraction by Alitalia towards the European Fee in a long-running inquiry into Italian state support. The airline challenged circumstances set by the fee in 2001 for the usage of state support in restructuring the corporate. The courtroom ruling doesn’t impose any new circumstances on Alitalia and the fee considers the case settled. A press release: “the Courtroom of First Occasion dismisses Alitalia’s motion and confirms that the fee’s resolution of 2001 is legitimate”. The courtroom: “confirms the validity of every of the circumstances imposed on Alitalia by the fee”. These circumstances had been:

  • a requirement that the Italian authorities act as a standard shareholder;
  • that money injections be used just for restructuring Alitalia and never for increasing the enterprise;
  • that Alitalia sells its holding within the Hungarian airline Malev;
  • and that the state support take the type of a one-off fee.

See additionally[edit]

References[edit]

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