Etymology 1[edit]

From Center English bak, from Outdated English bæc, from Proto-West Germanic *bak, from Proto-Germanic *baką, probably from Proto-Indo-European *bʰogo (actually bending). The adverb represents an aphetic type of aback.

Examine Center Low German bak (again), from Outdated Saxon bak, and West Frisian bekling (chair again), Outdated Excessive German bah, Swedish and Norwegian bak. Cognate with German Bache (sow [adult female hog]).


again (not typically comparable, comparative extra again, superlative most again)

  1. Close to the rear.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 19, in The Mirror and the Lamp:

      Nothing was too small to obtain consideration, if a supervising eye might recommend enhancements more likely to conduce to the widespread welfare. Mr. Gordon Burnage, for example, personally visited dust-bins and again premises, accompanied by a kind of village bailiff, going his spherical like a commanding officer doing billets.

    Go within the again door of the home.

  2. Not present.

    I’d prefer to discover a again situation of that journal.

  3. Removed from the primary space.

    They took a again highway.

  4. In arrear; overdue.

    They nonetheless owe three months’ again lease.

  5. Shifting or working backward.

    again motion

  6. (comparable, phonetics) Pronounced with the best a part of the physique of the tongue towards the again of the mouth, close to the taste bud (most frequently describing a vowel).

    The vowel of lot has a again vowel in most dialects of England.

Utilization notes[edit]

In linguistic use (sense 6), the comparative backer and superlative backest are standard; these might also be often discovered for different senses, particularly informally.

  • (close to the rear, phonetics): entrance
  • (not present): present
  • (removed from the primary space): important
The translations under must be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.
See additionally[edit]


again (comparative additional again, superlative furthest again)

  1. (not comparable) To or in a earlier situation or place.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, in The Superstar:

      We drove again to the workplace with some concern on my half on the prospect of so giant a case. Sunning himself on the board steps, I noticed for the primary time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and vivid tweeds, like an English vacationer, and his face might need belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.

    • 2013 June 8, “The brand new masters and commanders”, in The Economist, quantity 407, quantity 8839, web page 52:

      From the bottom, Colombo’s port doesn’t seem like a lot. These getting into it are greeted by wire fences, partitions courting again to colonial instances and safety posts. For mariners leaving the port after lonely nights on the excessive seas, the delights of the B52 Evening Membership and Stallion Pub lie a stumble away.

    He gave again the cash.   He wants his cash again.   He was on trip, however now he’s again.   The workplace fell into chaos while you left, however now order is again.

  2. Away from the entrance or from an edge.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt’s Sufferers:

      Fairly quickly I struck right into a kind of path […]. It twisted and turned, [] and opened out into an enormous clear house like a garden. And, again of the garden, was an enormous, old school home, with piazzas stretching in entrance of it, and all blazing with lights. ‘Twas the home I might seen the roof of from the seaside.

    Sit all the best way again in your chair.

    Step again from the curb.

  3. In a way that impedes.

    Concern held him again.

  4. (not comparable) In a reciprocal method; in return.

    If you happen to harm me, I will harm you again.

  5. Earlier, in the past.

    We met a few years again.

    I final noticed him a day or two again.

The translations under must be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.



  1. Prior to now, in the past
    • Woods, John (1822) Two Years’ Residence within the Settlement on the English Prairie, within the Illinois Nation, United States (in English), web page 138: “Our highway was mainly via woods, and a part of it lay via the Hurricane-track, that’s the place a powerful wind, some years again, opened a passage via the woods for a mile in breadth…”


again (plural backs)

  1. The rear of the physique, particularly the half between the neck and the tip of the backbone and reverse the chest and stomach.

    Might you please scratch my again?

    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Beginner Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:

      It was not removed from the home; however the floor sank right into a despair there, and the ridge of it behind shut out every thing besides simply the roof of the tallest hayrick. As one sat on the sward behind the elm, with the again turned on the rick and nothing in entrance however the tall elms and the oaks within the different hedge, it was fairly simple to fancy it the verge of the prairie with the backwoods shut by.

    1. The backbone and related tissues.

      I harm my again lifting these crates.

    2. (slang, uncountable) Giant and enticing buttocks.
    3. (figuratively) The a part of a chunk of clothes which covers the again.

      I nonetheless want to complete the again of your gown.

    4. The backrest, the a part of a chunk of furnishings which receives the human again.

      Are you able to repair the again of this chair?

    5. (out of date) That a part of the physique that bears clothes. (Now used solely within the phrase garments on one’s again.)
  2. That which is farthest away from the entrance.

    He sat within the again of the room.

    1. The aspect of any object which is reverse the entrance or helpful aspect.

      Flip the guide over and take a look at the again.

      1. The sting of a guide which is sure.

        The titles are printed on the backs of the books.

      2. (printing) The within margin of a web page.
        • 1841, William Savage, A Dictionary of the Artwork of Printing, 1965 Ayer Publishing ed. version, →ISBN, web page 472:

          Comfort and customized have familiarised us to the printed web page being just a little greater than the center of the leaf, and to its having just a little extra margin on the fore edge than within the again.

      3. The aspect of a blade reverse the aspect used for chopping.

        Faucet it with the again of your knife.

    2. The reverse aspect; the aspect that isn’t usually seen.

      I hung the garments on the again of the door.

    3. Space behind, such because the yard of a home.

      We’ll meet out within the again of the library.

    4. The a part of one thing that goes final.

      The automobile was close to the again of the practice.

    5. (sports activities) In some workforce sports activities, a place behind most gamers on the workforce.

      The backs have been lined up in an I formation.

      • 2010 December 28, Kevin Darlin, “West Brom 1-Three Blackburn”, in BBC:

        [] Rovers have been additionally aided by some poor defending from West Brom, whose lapses on the again undid their glorious work on the ball and condemned Roberto di Matteo’s Baggies aspect to a 3rd straight defeat.

  3. (figuratively) Higher a part of a pure object which is taken into account to resemble an animal’s again.

    The small boat raced over the backs of the waves.

  4. A assist or useful resource in reserve.
    • c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Printed In keeping with the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, revealed 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene vii]:

      This challenge / Ought to have a again or second, that may maintain, / If this could blast in proof.

  5. (nautical) The keel and keelson of a ship.

    The ship’s again broke within the pounding surf.

  6. (mining) The roof of a horizontal underground passage.
    • 1911, Robert Bruce Brinsmade, Mining With out Timber, web page 161:

      The stope is stored filled with damaged ore, adequate solely being drawn to depart a working house between the ground of damaged ore and the again of the stope.

  7. (slang, uncountable) Effort, normally bodily.

    Put some again into it!

  8. A non-alcoholic drink (typically water or a mushy drink), to go along with onerous liquor or a cocktail.

    Might I get a martini with a water again?

  9. Amongst leather-based sellers, one of many thickest and stoutest tanned hides.
    • 1848, Maine Supreme Judicial Court docket, Maine Reviews (quantity 6, web page 397)
      [] as delivered by a tanner the common weight of a again and two strips can be about 42 kilos [].
  • (aspect reverse the seen aspect): reverse
  • (rear of the physique): dorsum
  • (aspect reverse the entrance or helpful aspect): entrance
  • (that which is farthest away from the entrance): entrance
Coordinate phrases[edit]
Derived phrases[edit]

(Please see the mixed part under)

Associated phrases[edit]
The translations under must be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.


again (third-person singular easy current backs, current participle backing, easy previous and previous participle backed)

  1. (intransitive) To go within the reverse course.

    the practice backed into the station;  the horse refuses to again

    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt’s Sufferers:

      Thinks I to myself, “Sol, you are run off your course once more. It is a wealthy man’s summer time ‘cottage’ [].” So I began to again away once more into the bushes. However I hadn’t backed extra’n a few yards once I see one thing so wonderful that I could not assist scooching down behind the bayberries and taking a look at it.

  2. (transitive) To assist.

    I again you all the best way;  which horse are you backing on this race?

    • 2012 June 9, Owen Phillips, “Euro 2012: Netherlands 0-1 Denmark”, in BBC Sport:

      And Netherlands, backed by a sometimes noisy and vibrant travelling assist, began the second interval in blistering trend and will have had 4 objectives inside 10 minutes

  3. (nautical, of the wind) To alter course opposite to the conventional sample; that’s, to shift anticlockwise within the northern hemisphere, or clockwise within the southern hemisphere.
  4. (nautical, of a sq. sail) To brace the yards in order that the wind presses on the entrance of the sail, to sluggish the ship.
  5. (nautical, of an anchor) To put out a second, smaller anchor to supply further holding energy.
  6. (Britain, of a searching canine) To face nonetheless behind one other canine which has pointed.
  7. (transitive) To push or drive backwards.

    to again oxen

    The mugger backed her right into a nook and demanded her pockets.

  8. (transitive, out of date) To get upon the again of; to mount.
    • c. 1597, William Shakespeare, “The First A part of Henry the Fourth, []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Printed In keeping with the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, revealed 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene iii]:

      I’ll again him [a horse] straight.

  9. (transitive, out of date) To put or seat upon the again.
    • 1611 April (first recorded efficiency), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Printed In keeping with the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, revealed 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene v]:

      Nice Jupiter, upon his eagle backed, / Appeared to me.

  10. To make a again for; to furnish with a again.

    to again books

  11. To adjoin behind; to be in the back of.
    • c. 1603–1604, William Shakespeare, “Measvre for Measure”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Printed In keeping with the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, revealed 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i]:

      He hath a backyard circummured with brick,
      Whose western aspect is with a winery backed

    • 1877, Thomas Henry Huxley, Physiography: An Introduction to the Examine of Nature
      the chalk cliffs which again the seaside
    • So this was my future dwelling, I assumed! [] Backed by towering hills, the however faintly discernible purple line of the French boundary off to the southwest, a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fats, fleecy little clouds, it in reality appeared a pricey little metropolis; town of 1’s goals.
  12. To jot down upon the again of, probably as an endorsement.

    to again a letter;  to again a word or authorized doc

  13. (legislation, of a justice of the peace) To signal or endorse (a warrant, issued in one other county, to apprehend an offender).
  14. To row backward with (oars).

    to again the oars

  • (nautical: of the wind): veer
The translations under must be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.

Derived phrases[edit]

  • aback
  • reply again
  • backable
  • backache
  • again motion, backaction
  • again alley
  • forwards and backwards
  • backarapper
  • backarc
  • again away
  • again bacon
  • backball
  • backband
  • backbeat, again beat
  • again bench, back-bench, backbench
  • back-bencher, backbencher
  • again benches, back-benches, backbenches
  • backbite
  • backbiter
  • backbiting
  • backblast
  • backblock, back-blocks
  • backboard
  • again boiler
  • backbond
  • spine
  • backbore
  • backbox
  • backbreaker
  • backbreaking, back-breaking
  • backbulge
  • backburn
  • again burner
  • back-butt
  • backcalculate
  • backcalculation
  • backcard
  • backcare
  • backcast
  • backchain
  • backchannel
  • backchat
  • backcheck
  • backcloth, back-cloth
  • backcomb, back-comb
  • backcountry, again nation
  • backcourt
  • again cowl
  • backcrawl, back-crawl
  • backcross, again cross
  • backcrossing
  • backdam
  • backdate, back-date
  • backdonation
  • again door, backdoor
  • again down, backdown
  • backdraught, backdraft
  • backdrivable
  • backdrop
  • again finish, backend
  • backer
  • backface
  • backfall
  • backfat
  • backfield
  • backfill
  • backfin
  • backfire
  • backflip
  • backflop
  • backflow
  • backfoot
  • back-formation
  • backfriend
  • backgain
  • backgammon
  • again backyard
  • backgate, again gate
  • backglass
  • backgrinding
  • background
  • backhand
  • backhanded, back-handed
  • backhander, back-hander
  • backhaul
  • backhead
  • backheel
  • backhoe
  • backhouse
  • backie
  • backing
  • again into
  • again situation
  • backjoint
  • backjump
  • again kitchen
  • backland
  • backlash
  • backlead
  • backless
  • backlight
  • back-lighting
  • backline, again line
  • backlink
  • backlist
  • backload
  • backlog
  • backlot
  • backman
  • backmarker
  • backmasked
  • backmasking
  • again matter, backmatter
  • backmost
  • backmutation
  • backness
  • again quantity, back-number
  • again o’ Bourke
  • again of past
  • again off, backoff
  • again workplace
  • again of home
  • again of 1’s hand
  • back-of-the-envelope
  • again on to
  • again order, backorder
  • again out, backout
  • backover
  • backpack, back-pack
  • backpaddle
  • again web page
  • again ache, backpain
  • again go
  • again passage
  • backpatch
  • backpay, again pay
  • again cost
  • backpedal, back-pedal
  • backpiece
  • backplane
  • backplate
  • backport
  • backpressure
  • backprint
  • again projection, backprojection
  • backpropagate
  • backpropagation
  • backquote
  • backreact
  • backreacting
  • backreaction
  • backread
  • backreef
  • back-reference, backreference
  • backrest
  • again highway, backroad
  • backroll
  • backronym
  • backroom, again room
  • again row
  • backrub
  • backscarp
  • backscatter, backscattering
  • backscene
  • backscratch
  • backscratcher
  • backscratching
  • backscreen
  • backscroll
  • again scrubber
  • again seat
  • back-seat driver
  • backset
  • backsettler
  • backshadowing
  • backshell, again shell
  • backshift
  • backshine
  • backshoot
  • back-shop
  • backshot
  • bottom
  • backsight
  • backslang, back-slang
  • backslap, again slap
  • backslapping, back-slapping
  • backslash
  • backslide
  • backsliding
  • backslope
  • backspace
  • back-spelling
  • backspike
  • backspin
  • backsplash
  • backsplit
  • backstab
  • backstabber
  • back-stabbing
  • backstage
  • backstair, backstairs, again stairs
  • backstay
  • backstep
  • backstitch
  • backstock
  • backstop
  • backstore
  • backstory, again story
  • again straight, backstraight
  • backstrap
  • backstream
  • again road, backstreet
  • backstretch
  • backstroke, back-stroke
  • backswamp
  • backswept
  • backswimmer
  • backswimming
  • backswing
  • backsword
  • backtag
  • backtalk
  • backtest
  • backtesting
  • backtick
  • backtime
  • again titration, backtitration
  • again to again, back-to-back
  • again to fundamentals
  • again to entrance
  • again to nature
  • again tooth
  • again to sq. one
  • again to the drafting board
  • again to the wall
  • backtrace
  • backtrack
  • backtrail
  • backtransformed
  • back-translate
  • back-translation
  • backtroll
  • again up
  • backup, back-up
  • backveld
  • again vowel
  • backward
  • backwards
  • backwash
  • backwasher
  • backwater
  • backwind
  • backwood
  • backwoods
  • again yard, yard
  • unhealthy again
  • barback
  • bareback
  • be glad to see the again of
  • behind somebody’s again
  • bounce again, bounceback
  • break the again of
  • name again
  • callback
  • camelback
  • cashback
  • centre again
  • come again, comeback
  • crossback
  • downside
  • fall again
  • fallback, fall-back
  • suggestions
  • fireback
  • flashback
  • fullback
  • get again at
  • get off somebody’s again
  • get somebody’s again up
  • give again
  • return
  • go behind somebody’s again
  • go to hell and again
  • halfback
  • handback
  • hardback
  • hatchback
  • have again
  • have one’s again to the wall
  • hit again
  • hogback, Hog’s Again
  • hole again
  • horseback
  • humpback
  • hunchback
  • in again of
  • kickback
  • know just like the again of 1’s hand
  • laid-back, laidback
  • left again
  • look again
  • look-back, lookback
  • seem like the again finish of a bus
  • offensive again
  • off the again foot
  • on the again of
  • out again
  • outback
  • paperback
  • pat on the again
  • cellphone again
  • pickleback
  • piggyback
  • put one’s again into
  • placed on the again burner
  • put somebody’s again up
  • quarterback
  • racerback
  • razorback
  • redback
  • journey on the again of
  • proper again
  • ring again
  • rod for one’s again
  • rollback
  • operating again
  • saddleback
  • scrollback
  • ship again
  • setback
  • set again
  • shagger’s again
  • shellback
  • quick again and sides
  • slingback
  • small of the again
  • softback
  • stab within the again
  • stand again
  • swayback
  • switchback
  • tailback
  • take a again seat
  • take again
  • there and again
  • throw again, throwback
  • flip again the clock
  • flip again, turnback
  • wind at one’s again


Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French bac.


again (plural backs)

  1. A big shallow vat; a cistern, tub, or trough, utilized by brewers, distillers, dyers, picklers, gluemakers, and others, for mixing or cooling wort, holding water, sizzling glue, and many others.
  2. A ferryboat.

Various kinds[edit]


Borrowed from English again.



again m anim

  1. (sports activities, out of date) again
    • 1904, František Okay. Hejda; et al., Praha ve dne v noci: zajímavosti a zvláštnosti ze źivota staré a nové Prahy[1], quantity 1, P. Körber, web page 70:

      Ahead útočí na branku nepřátel podporován jsa zálohou, a backové s brankářem proti tomu mají čeliti útokům forwardu nepřátelského.

      Ahead line assault the opponent’s purpose, being supported by midfielders, and backs with the goalkeeper are speculated to face the assaults of the opponent’s ahead line.
    • 1997, Kronika českého fotbalu[2], quantity 1, web page 196:

      Sparta má proslulý ahead, a ten tak uvykl na svou proslulost, že se nesnaží ani trainovat, že opovrhuje běháním, že se spoléhá na znamenitou, ale pomalou kombinaci, že vlastně už zapomněl běhat, chodit mezi backy a vystavovat se nebezpečí, že svůj purpose zaplatí snad nějakým tím klepnutím do choulostivých končetin.

      Sparta has a famend ahead line, which bought used to its fame a lot, that they don’t take pains to coach, despise operating, depend on glorious however sluggish mixture, that they forgot how you can run, go among the many backs and put themselves at risk of being hit into delicate limbs.





again m inan

  1. (sports activities, uncommon) protection
    • 1986, Vladimír Valenta, Energy play[3], Polygon:

      Na backu všechno odřeme, to křídlo, to je jiný: chrápe na modrý čáře a čeká, až mu to někdo bouchne.

      Within the protection we do all of the onerous work, whereas the wing is completely different: they snore on the blue line and wait till someone passes it to them.




Additional studying[edit]


From English again




  1. (Louisiana, Cajun French, Acadian) again
    Dis trois je vous salue Marie, et je veux level te voir icitte again à voler du plywood. — “Say three hail Maries, and I do not wish to see you again right here stealing plywood.”




  1. singular crucial of backen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular current of backen

Center English[edit]



  1. Various type of bak (again)



From English again



again c

  1. crate; storage of bottles
  2. again; place behind most gamers on the workforce
  3. reverse; automobile gear


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