As an instructional who teaches felony regulation and who writes on the dying penalty debate within the English-Talking Caribbean [hereinafter the ESC], I’ve been happy to study that there have been no hangings, the type of execution sanctioned by the governments of the ESC nations, since 2008. I used to be much more happy to have not too long ago learn Amnesty Worldwide’s report regarding that there have been no hangings in 2013 and that there at the moment are fewer inmates on dying row within the ESC.
Regardless of increased homicide charges in some ESC international locations such because the Bahamas and Trinidad and Tobago there was no nice “hue and cry” for extra executions, however, as a substitute there have been calls on authorities to strengthen the capability of police to detect and stop murders. There have been 15 new dying sentences imposed in 2013 within the ESC. There have been two such sentences within the Bahamas, two in Barbados, not less than six in Guyana, and not less than 5 in Trinidad and Tobago. This was not a major enhance from 2012 when not less than 12 new dying sentences have been recorded. There have been no executions carried out or dying sentences imposed in Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guatemala, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Suriname. As of December 31, 2012, nobody was recognized to be on dying row in Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guatemala, St. Lucia, and Suriname. Additionally, no dying sentences have been recorded in Antigua and Barbuda.
Amnesty Worldwide stories additional that two new dying sentences have been recorded in Barbados. A complete of eight males have been reported to be on dying row there in December 2013. The final individual on dying row in Grenada had his sentence commuted to life in jail in 2013. No new dying sentences have been imposed and nobody was below sentence of dying on the finish of the 12 months. At the very least six folks have been sentenced to dying and not less than 25 have been on dying row on the finish of 2013. Eleven males in Guyana had their dying sentences commuted to life in jail in the course of the 12 months.
No new dying sentences have been recognized to have been imposed in Jamaica in 2013. Two males there remained below sentence of dying on the finish of the 12 months, whereas three folks had their dying sentences commuted. No new dying sentences have been recognized to have been imposed in St. Kitts and Nevis, whereas one individual was believed to be on dying row on the finish of the 12 months 2013. The final remaining individual on dying row in St. Lucia, Mitchel Joseph, had his dying sentence commuted to life imprisonment on July 8, 2013. No new dying sentences have been recognized to be have been imposed.
No new dying sentences have been recorded in St. Vincent and the Grenadines, the place one individual, Patrick Lovelace, remained on dying row on the finish of the 12 months 2013. At the very least 5 new dying sentences have been imposed in Trinidad and Tobago and not less than 39 prisoners have been recognized to be on dying row on the finish of the 12 months. Two dying sentences have been commuted to phrases of life imprisonment and the obligatory imposition of the dying penalty was retained by nationwide laws.
This can be a good development, fewer folks on dying row and extra commutation of dying sentences to life imprisonment. A lot of this can be a results of the truth that many of the twelve ESC nations nonetheless retain the Privy Council in London, the judicial wing of the Home of Lords, as their courtroom of ultimate attraction. The Privy Council dominated in 1993 that the hole between sentence and the execution can’t be longer than 5 years and successive appeals normally take longer. If there isn’t a execution of the prisoner inside 5 years of the sentence, the prisoner could have his sentence commuted to life in jail.
So we’re seeing fewer hangings within the ESC; allow us to hope that this barbaric apply will quickly finish altogether with an absolute abolition of the dying penalty within the ESC.